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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Arn Hryn 17II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda, Magnússdrápa 17’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 203.

Arnórr jarlaskáld ÞórðarsonHrynhenda, Magnússdrápa
161718

jǫfra ‘of princes’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

kennings

Bági jǫfra,
‘Subduer of princes, you ’
   = RULER

Subduer of princes, you → RULER
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bági ‘Subduer’

bági (noun m.; °-a): adversary

[1] bági: bægi Flat

kennings

Bági jǫfra,
‘Subduer of princes, you ’
   = RULER

Subduer of princes, you → RULER
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mann ‘of men’

maðr (noun m.): man, person < mannkyn (noun n.): mankind

[2] mann‑: so Flat, H, man‑ Mork, Hr

notes

[2] mannkyn ‘race of men’: The translation preserves the full value of both elements, but the context would also admit of the sense ‘men, people’, as also would Arn Hardr 9/7. Hofmann (1955, 102) suggested that the development of meaning from ‘the human race’ to ‘(a limited number of) people, men’ in the ON word points to OE influence, and this seems possible, especially in view of the extreme rarity of mannkyn in the early poetry (see further Whaley 1998, 177-8).

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kyn ‘the race’

1. kyn (noun n.; °-s; -): kin < mannkyn (noun n.): mankind

notes

[2] mannkyn ‘race of men’: The translation preserves the full value of both elements, but the context would also admit of the sense ‘men, people’, as also would Arn Hardr 9/7. Hofmann (1955, 102) suggested that the development of meaning from ‘the human race’ to ‘(a limited number of) people, men’ in the ON word points to OE influence, and this seems possible, especially in view of the extreme rarity of mannkyn in the early poetry (see further Whaley 1998, 177-8).

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hvártki ‘neither’

hvárgi (pron.): neither

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hlenna ‘of thieves’

hlenni (noun m.): robber, thief

kennings

þreytir hlenna,
‘destroyer of thieves, ’
   = JUST RULER

destroyer of thieves, → JUST RULER
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þreytir ‘destroyer’

þreytir (noun m.): destroyer, wager, tester

kennings

þreytir hlenna,
‘destroyer of thieves, ’
   = JUST RULER

destroyer of thieves, → JUST RULER

notes

[3] þreytir ‘destroyer’: The reading is agreed by all mss and yields good sense, but fails to provide the necessary skothending, which is out of line with Arnórr’s usual exactitude in this respect, and that of his contemporaries. Emendation to the near-synonymous rýrir was proposed by Konráð Gíslason, 1877, 56 and adopted in Whaley 1998, 177 but, in accord with the conservative policy of this edn, is not adopted here.

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hyr ‘fire’

hyrr (noun m.): fire

[4] hyr malm: ‘hyrr næmenn’ Flat

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‘nor’

né (conj.): nor

[4] hyr malm: ‘hyrr næmenn’ Flat

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malm ‘steel’

malmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): metal

[4] hyr malm: ‘hyrr næmenn’ Flat

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Hlunna ‘of rollers’

hlunnr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): roller

kennings

reiðar hlunna
‘of the chariot of rollers ’
   = SHIP

the chariot of rollers → SHIP
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es ‘is’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[5] es (‘er’): ‘ess’ Flat

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sem ‘as though’

sem (conj.): as, which

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renni ‘were racing’

2. renna (verb): run (strong)

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reiðar ‘of the chariot’

1. reið (noun f.; °-ar; -ir/-ar): riding; chariot

kennings

reiðar hlunna
‘of the chariot of rollers ’
   = SHIP

the chariot of rollers → SHIP
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heiði ‘the bright sky’

4. heiðr (adj.): bright

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hrósak ‘I praise’

hrósa (verb): praise

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herskip ‘warships’

herskip (noun n.): warship

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glæsir ‘adorns’

glæsa (verb): adorn

notes

[7] glæsir ‘adorns’: The verb is construed here as 3rd pers. sg. pres. indic., predicate to dolgr hlenna ‘foe of thieves’. It could alternatively be 2nd pers. pres. sg. indic., in which case þú ‘you’ is the understood subject and dolgr hlenna (l. 8) an apostrophe.

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hlenna ‘of thieves’

hlenni (noun m.): robber, thief

kennings

dolgr hlenna
‘the foe of thieves ’
   = JUST RULER

the foe of thieves → JUST RULER
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dolgr ‘the foe’

dolgr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ar): enemy, battle

kennings

dolgr hlenna
‘the foe of thieves ’
   = JUST RULER

the foe of thieves → JUST RULER
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vitar ‘beacons’

viti (noun m.; °-a; -ar): marker

[8] vitar: ‘uíta’ Flat

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

As for sts 3 and 16. In Mork and Flat, st. 17 follows st. 16 without interruption. In H-Hr, it is introduced as evidence for Magnús’s sailing.

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