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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 50VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Kálfr Hallsson, Kátrínardrápa 50’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 962-3.

Kálfr HallssonKátrínardrápa
495051

Öllum ‘to all’

allr (adj.): all

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eingla ‘of angels’

1. engill (noun m.; °engils; englar): angel

kennings

Stillir eingla
‘The ruler of angels ’
   = God

The ruler of angels → God
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stillir ‘ruler’

stillir (noun m.): ruler

kennings

Stillir eingla
‘The ruler of angels ’
   = God

The ruler of angels → God
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háleitri ‘more sublime’

háleitr (adj.): glorious, sublime

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Ullar ‘the Ullar’

Ullr (noun m.): Ullr

[3] Ullar: öll með all

kennings

Ullar dýra unnar
‘the Ullar of the animals of the wave ’
   = SEAFARERS

the animals of the wave → SHIPS
the Ullar of SHIPS → SEAFARERS

notes

[3] Ullar: All mss have öll með ‘all with’; Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kock (Skald) emend öll með to Ullar, giving a base-word in a kenning for men via the pl. form of the name of the god Ullr. Sperber suggests Ullr með and the emendation of kunna (3rd pers. pl. pres. ind.) to kunni (3rd pers. sg. pret. ind.); accordingly, he proposes the following reading of ll. 3-4: ‘a more sublime glory than Ullr <god> of the animals of the wave [SHIPS > SEAFARER] knows how to ask for with words’.

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unnar ‘of the wave’

2. unnr (noun f.): wave

kennings

Ullar dýra unnar
‘the Ullar of the animals of the wave ’
   = SEAFARERS

the animals of the wave → SHIPS
the Ullar of SHIPS → SEAFARERS
Close

unnar ‘of the wave’

2. unnr (noun f.): wave

kennings

Ullar dýra unnar
‘the Ullar of the animals of the wave ’
   = SEAFARERS

the animals of the wave → SHIPS
the Ullar of SHIPS → SEAFARERS
Close

dýra ‘of the animals’

1. dýr (noun n.; °-s (spec.: dyʀiɴs KonrA 66⁴‡, etc., cf. Seip 1955 188-189); -): animal

kennings

Ullar dýra unnar
‘the Ullar of the animals of the wave ’
   = SEAFARERS

the animals of the wave → SHIPS
the Ullar of SHIPS → SEAFARERS
Close

dýra ‘of the animals’

1. dýr (noun n.; °-s (spec.: dyʀiɴs KonrA 66⁴‡, etc., cf. Seip 1955 188-189); -): animal

kennings

Ullar dýra unnar
‘the Ullar of the animals of the wave ’
   = SEAFARERS

the animals of the wave → SHIPS
the Ullar of SHIPS → SEAFARERS
Close

Eigendur* ‘the owners’

eigandi (noun m.; °-a; eigendr/eigandar(DN VI (1328) 148¹¹) (nom. sg. æighander DN VII (*13[27-1328]›DonVar 1—) 142²²)): [owner, owners]

[5] Eigendur*: Eigendurna all

kennings

eigendur* róms jötna
‘the owners of the speech of giants ’
   = PEOPLE

the speech of giants → GOLD
the owners of the GOLD → PEOPLE
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jötna ‘of giants’

jǫtunn (noun m.; °jǫtuns, dat. jǫtni; jǫtnar): giant

kennings

eigendur* róms jötna
‘the owners of the speech of giants ’
   = PEOPLE

the speech of giants → GOLD
the owners of the GOLD → PEOPLE
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jötna ‘of giants’

jǫtunn (noun m.; °jǫtuns, dat. jǫtni; jǫtnar): giant

kennings

eigendur* róms jötna
‘the owners of the speech of giants ’
   = PEOPLE

the speech of giants → GOLD
the owners of the GOLD → PEOPLE
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róms ‘of the speech’

rómr (noun m.; °dat. -): voice, applause

kennings

eigendur* róms jötna
‘the owners of the speech of giants ’
   = PEOPLE

the speech of giants → GOLD
the owners of the GOLD → PEOPLE
Close

róms ‘of the speech’

rómr (noun m.; °dat. -): voice, applause

kennings

eigendur* róms jötna
‘the owners of the speech of giants ’
   = PEOPLE

the speech of giants → GOLD
the owners of the GOLD → PEOPLE
Close

hljóti ‘receive’

hljóta (verb): alot, gain

[8] hljóti *: hljóti eg all

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* ‘’

(non-lexical)

[8] hljóti *: hljóti eg all

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aldri ‘never’

aldri (adv.): never

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

[5]: Kahle, Finnur Jónsson (Skj B), and Kock (Skald) emend eigendurna ‘the owners’ (with suffixed def. art.) to eigendur ‘owners’; Sperber emends to eigendur ná, arguing that hæstri tígn ‘the highest honour’ is the object of the verb ‘obtain’.

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