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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 15VII

Jonna Louis-Jensen and Tarrin Wills (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Plácitusdrápa 15’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 191.

Anonymous PoemsPlácitusdrápa
141516

Rúms ‘city of Rome’

Róm (noun n.): Rome < Rúmsborg (noun f.)

notes

[1] Rúmsborg ‘city of Rome’: The C text echoes this p. n.; both the Lat. and other ON texts state only that Plácitus and his family set out for Egypt (see Louis-Jensen 1998, cxxiii).

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borg ‘’

borg (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -; -ir): city, stronghold < Rúmsborg (noun f.)

notes

[1] Rúmsborg ‘city of Rome’: The C text echoes this p. n.; both the Lat. and other ON texts state only that Plácitus and his family set out for Egypt (see Louis-Jensen 1998, cxxiii).

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víðri ‘the great’

víðr (adj.): far

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rausnar ‘of splendour’

1. rausn (noun f.): magnificence

kennings

Valdr rausnar
‘The possessor of splendour ’
   = NOBLEMAN

The possessor of splendour → NOBLEMAN
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valdr ‘The possessor’

valdr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

Valdr rausnar
‘The possessor of splendour ’
   = NOBLEMAN

The possessor of splendour → NOBLEMAN
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hǫppum ‘with victories’

happ (noun n.; °-s; *-): fortune, luck

kennings

hringþollr hǫppum reifðr
‘the ring-fir, blessed with victories, ’
   = MAN

the ring-fir, blessed with victories, → MAN
Close

reifðr ‘blessed’

1. reifa (verb): endow, enrich

kennings

hringþollr hǫppum reifðr
‘the ring-fir, blessed with victories, ’
   = MAN

the ring-fir, blessed with victories, → MAN
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hafði ‘had’

hafa (verb): have

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hring ‘the ring’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword < hringþollr (noun m.)

kennings

hringþollr hǫppum reifðr
‘the ring-fir, blessed with victories, ’
   = MAN

the ring-fir, blessed with victories, → MAN
Close

þollr ‘fir’

þollr (noun m.): fir-tree < hringþollr (noun m.)

kennings

hringþollr hǫppum reifðr
‘the ring-fir, blessed with victories, ’
   = MAN

the ring-fir, blessed with victories, → MAN
Close

Fóru ‘went’

fara (verb; ferr, fór, fóru, farinn): go, travel

[5] Fóru: ‘for’ 673b

notes

[5] fóru ‘went’: Emendation proposed by Finnur Jónsson 1887.

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*braut ‘abroad’

1. braut (noun f.; °dat. -/-u; -ir): path, way; away

[5] *braut: ‘abrot’ touched up by a later hand 673b

notes

[5] *braut ‘abroad’: Emendation proposed by Jón Helgason 1932-3.

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beiti ‘steerer’

beitir (noun m.): steerer

kennings

fróðum beiti byrstóðs.
‘the wise steerer of the wind-horse.’
   = SEAFARER

the wind-horse. → SHIP
the wise steerer of the SHIP → SEAFARER
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byr ‘of the wind’

byrr (noun m.; °-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)): favourable wind < byrstóð (noun n.)

kennings

fróðum beiti byrstóðs.
‘the wise steerer of the wind-horse.’
   = SEAFARER

the wind-horse. → SHIP
the wise steerer of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

byr ‘of the wind’

byrr (noun m.; °-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)): favourable wind < byrstóð (noun n.)

kennings

fróðum beiti byrstóðs.
‘the wise steerer of the wind-horse.’
   = SEAFARER

the wind-horse. → SHIP
the wise steerer of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

stóðs ‘horse’

2. stóð (noun n.; °-s): stud-horse < byrstóð (noun n.)

kennings

fróðum beiti byrstóðs.
‘the wise steerer of the wind-horse.’
   = SEAFARER

the wind-horse. → SHIP
the wise steerer of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

stóðs ‘horse’

2. stóð (noun n.; °-s): stud-horse < byrstóð (noun n.)

kennings

fróðum beiti byrstóðs.
‘the wise steerer of the wind-horse.’
   = SEAFARER

the wind-horse. → SHIP
the wise steerer of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

fróðum ‘the wise’

fróðr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): wise

kennings

fróðum beiti byrstóðs.
‘the wise steerer of the wind-horse.’
   = SEAFARER

the wind-horse. → SHIP
the wise steerer of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

til ‘’

til (prep.): to < tilstýrandi (noun m.)

[7] tilstýranda: ‘til st[...]randa’ 673b

kennings

tilstýranda tírar
‘of the pursuer of renown ’
   = NOBLEMAN

the pursuer of renown → NOBLEMAN

notes

[7] tilstýranda ‘of the pursuer’: Emendation proposed by Kock (NN §2133).

Close

stýranda ‘of the pursuer’

stýrandi (noun m.; °-a; -endr): ruler, steerer < tilstýrandi (noun m.)

[7] tilstýranda: ‘til st[...]randa’ 673b

kennings

tilstýranda tírar
‘of the pursuer of renown ’
   = NOBLEMAN

the pursuer of renown → NOBLEMAN

notes

[7] tilstýranda ‘of the pursuer’: Emendation proposed by Kock (NN §2133).

Close

tírar ‘of renown’

tírr (noun m.; °-s): glory, honour

kennings

tilstýranda tírar
‘of the pursuer of renown ’
   = NOBLEMAN

the pursuer of renown → NOBLEMAN
Close

móðir ‘mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

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