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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Geisl 70VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Geisli 70’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 64.

Einarr SkúlasonGeisli
697071

Myndi ‘would’

munu (verb): will, must

[1] Myndi bragr: Bragr myndi Bb

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bragr ‘poem’

bragr (noun m.; °-ar): poem, poetry

[1] Myndi bragr: Bragr myndi Bb

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‘now’

nú (adv.): now

[1] nú: so Bb, ins Flat

notes

[1] ‘now’: The reading of Bb, preferred here, as Flat’s ins (def. art. n. gen. sg.) can only refer to baugness (l. 2) from which it is separated.

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grǫndu ‘///’

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brǫndum ‘with the fires’

brandr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): sword, prow; fire

[1] brǫndum: ‘brenda’ Flat, ‘grondv’ Bb

kennings

brǫndum baugness —
‘with the fires of the bracelet-headland — ’
   = GOLD

the bracelet-headland — → ARM
with the fires of the ARM → GOLD

notes

[1] brǫndum ‘with the fires’: Neither ms. has an acceptable reading; the emendation was first proposed by Cederschiöld.

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baug ‘of the bracelet-’

baugr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): ring < baugnes (noun n.)

kennings

brǫndum baugness —
‘with the fires of the bracelet-headland — ’
   = GOLD

the bracelet-headland — → ARM
with the fires of the ARM → GOLD
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baug ‘of the bracelet-’

baugr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): ring < baugnes (noun n.)

kennings

brǫndum baugness —
‘with the fires of the bracelet-headland — ’
   = GOLD

the bracelet-headland — → ARM
with the fires of the ARM → GOLD
Close

ness ‘headland’

nes (noun n.; °-s; -, gen. -ja): headland < baugnes (noun n.)

[2] ‑ness: so Bb, hvers Flat

kennings

brǫndum baugness —
‘with the fires of the bracelet-headland — ’
   = GOLD

the bracelet-headland — → ARM
with the fires of the ARM → GOLD
Close

ness ‘headland’

nes (noun n.; °-s; -, gen. -ja): headland < baugnes (noun n.)

[2] ‑ness: so Bb, hvers Flat

kennings

brǫndum baugness —
‘with the fires of the bracelet-headland — ’
   = GOLD

the bracelet-headland — → ARM
with the fires of the ARM → GOLD
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kann ‘know’

kunna (verb): know, can, be able

[3] kann: man Bb

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ræsis ‘of the king’

ræsir (noun m.): ruler

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launaðr ‘rewarded’

launa (verb): reward

[4] launaðr: launat Bb

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lifði ‘were alive’

lifa (verb): live

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leik ‘with the play’

1. leikr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ar): sport, play < leikmildr (adj.)

kennings

Hildar leikmildr,
‘generous with the play of Hildr [lit. play-generous of Hildr] ’
   = BATTLE

generous with the play of Hildr [lit. play-generous of Hildr] → BATTLE
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mildr ‘generous’

mildr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): mild, gentle, gracious, generous < leikmildr (adj.)

kennings

Hildar leikmildr,
‘generous with the play of Hildr [lit. play-generous of Hildr] ’
   = BATTLE

generous with the play of Hildr [lit. play-generous of Hildr] → BATTLE
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Sigurðr ‘Sigurðr’

Sigurðr (noun m.): Sigurðr

notes

[6, 8] Sigurðr inn ellri ‘Sigurðr the elder’: King Sigurðr Jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-traveller’ Magnússon (r. 1103-30), who was renowned for his generosity.

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hrósa ‘I praise’

hrósa (verb): praise

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Hildar ‘of Hildr’

2. Hildr (noun f.): Hildr

kennings

Hildar leikmildr,
‘generous with the play of Hildr [lit. play-generous of Hildr] ’
   = BATTLE

generous with the play of Hildr [lit. play-generous of Hildr] → BATTLE
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lýsik ‘I praise’

2. lýsa (verb): illuminate, show

[7] lýsik (‘lysek’): ‘hrosa ek’ Bb

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vellum ‘to gold’

vell (noun n.): gold

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grimmr ‘fierce’

grimmr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): fierce

[8] grimmr: ‘grims’ Bb

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inn ‘the’

2. inn (art.): the

notes

[6, 8] Sigurðr inn ellri ‘Sigurðr the elder’: King Sigurðr Jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-traveller’ Magnússon (r. 1103-30), who was renowned for his generosity.

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ellri ‘elder’

ellri (adj. comp.; °superl. ellztr; pos. „ gamall adj.): older, elder

notes

[6, 8] Sigurðr inn ellri ‘Sigurðr the elder’: King Sigurðr Jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-traveller’ Magnússon (r. 1103-30), who was renowned for his generosity.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The poet puts pressure on the kings for a reward. The helmingar are linked by a subordinating conj. (ef), and the bond between the two is reinforced by the alliteration of the last word in l. 4 with the stuðlar in l. 5. The entire st. is a single sentence with two intercalaries interposed.

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