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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv I 25VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur I 25’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 696-7.

Anonymous PoemsMáríuvísur I
242526

Sungu ‘sang’

syngja (verb): sing

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sætt ‘sweetly’

sœtr (adj.): sweet

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leingi ‘for a long time’

lengi (adv.): for a long time

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guðs ‘of God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

kennings

móður guðs
‘of the mother of God ’
   = Mary

the mother of God → Mary
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móður ‘of the mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

kennings

móður guðs
‘of the mother of God ’
   = Mary

the mother of God → Mary
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lýðir ‘people’

lýðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ir): one of the people

[3] lýðir: lýðr 721

notes

[3] lýðir (m. nom. pl.) ‘people’: Lýðr ‘people’ (so 721) is in the sg. and the pl. form is required both by the syntax and by the metre.

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hvíta ‘unblemished [lit. white]’

hvítr (adj.; °-an; -ari, -astr): white

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þar ‘there’

þar (adv.): there

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sitja ‘sitting’

sitja (verb): sit

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sætu ‘the lady’

1. sæta (noun f.; °-u; -ur): woman, lady

[5] sætu: sæta 721

notes

[5] sætu (f. acc. sg.) ‘lady’: Sæta ‘lady’ is in the nom. and the syntax requires the acc. case.

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seim ‘of the gold’

2. seimr (noun m.; °dat. -i): gold < seimstallr (noun m.)

kennings

allir viðir seimstalls
‘all the trees of the gold-seat ’
   = MEN

the gold-seat → ARM
all the trees of the ARM → MEN

notes

[6] viðir seimstalls ‘trees of the gold-seat [ARM > MEN]’: This is an unusual kenning for ‘men’ because seimstalls ‘of the gold-seat’ (i.e. ‘of the arm’) is usually a determinant in kennings for ‘women’ (see Note to st. 23 above). Kock tries to solve that crux in various ways (seimstalls ‘of the snake-seat’ is ‘of gold’, NN §2869; seimstalls ‘of the gold-seat’ is ‘of the shield’, NN §3397K). Both interpretations are unparalleled and very strained.

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seim ‘of the gold’

2. seimr (noun m.; °dat. -i): gold < seimstallr (noun m.)

kennings

allir viðir seimstalls
‘all the trees of the gold-seat ’
   = MEN

the gold-seat → ARM
all the trees of the ARM → MEN

notes

[6] viðir seimstalls ‘trees of the gold-seat [ARM > MEN]’: This is an unusual kenning for ‘men’ because seimstalls ‘of the gold-seat’ (i.e. ‘of the arm’) is usually a determinant in kennings for ‘women’ (see Note to st. 23 above). Kock tries to solve that crux in various ways (seimstalls ‘of the snake-seat’ is ‘of gold’, NN §2869; seimstalls ‘of the gold-seat’ is ‘of the shield’, NN §3397K). Both interpretations are unparalleled and very strained.

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stalls ‘seat’

stallr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): seat, stall, support < seimstallr (noun m.)

kennings

allir viðir seimstalls
‘all the trees of the gold-seat ’
   = MEN

the gold-seat → ARM
all the trees of the ARM → MEN

notes

[6] viðir seimstalls ‘trees of the gold-seat [ARM > MEN]’: This is an unusual kenning for ‘men’ because seimstalls ‘of the gold-seat’ (i.e. ‘of the arm’) is usually a determinant in kennings for ‘women’ (see Note to st. 23 above). Kock tries to solve that crux in various ways (seimstalls ‘of the snake-seat’ is ‘of gold’, NN §2869; seimstalls ‘of the gold-seat’ is ‘of the shield’, NN §3397K). Both interpretations are unparalleled and very strained.

Close

stalls ‘seat’

stallr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): seat, stall, support < seimstallr (noun m.)

kennings

allir viðir seimstalls
‘all the trees of the gold-seat ’
   = MEN

the gold-seat → ARM
all the trees of the ARM → MEN

notes

[6] viðir seimstalls ‘trees of the gold-seat [ARM > MEN]’: This is an unusual kenning for ‘men’ because seimstalls ‘of the gold-seat’ (i.e. ‘of the arm’) is usually a determinant in kennings for ‘women’ (see Note to st. 23 above). Kock tries to solve that crux in various ways (seimstalls ‘of the snake-seat’ is ‘of gold’, NN §2869; seimstalls ‘of the gold-seat’ is ‘of the shield’, NN §3397K). Both interpretations are unparalleled and very strained.

Close

viðir ‘the trees’

1. viðr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -i/-; -ir, acc. -u/-i): wood, tree

kennings

allir viðir seimstalls
‘all the trees of the gold-seat ’
   = MEN

the gold-seat → ARM
all the trees of the ARM → MEN

notes

[6] viðir seimstalls ‘trees of the gold-seat [ARM > MEN]’: This is an unusual kenning for ‘men’ because seimstalls ‘of the gold-seat’ (i.e. ‘of the arm’) is usually a determinant in kennings for ‘women’ (see Note to st. 23 above). Kock tries to solve that crux in various ways (seimstalls ‘of the snake-seat’ is ‘of gold’, NN §2869; seimstalls ‘of the gold-seat’ is ‘of the shield’, NN §3397K). Both interpretations are unparalleled and very strained.

Close

allir ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

kennings

allir viðir seimstalls
‘all the trees of the gold-seat ’
   = MEN

the gold-seat → ARM
all the trees of the ARM → MEN
Close

æru ‘honour’

1. æra (noun f.; °-u): honour

notes

[7] æru ‘honour’: This is a late loanword from MLG ēre ‘honour’ (see AEW: æra 1).

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fljóð ‘the woman’

fljóð (noun n.): woman

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var ‘were’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

notes

[8] var (3rd pers. sg. pret. indic.) ‘was’: The verb is in the sg. and the subject in the pl. (see NS §70).

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