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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 6VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Drápa af Máríugrát 6’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 763-4.

Anonymous PoemsDrápa af Máríugrát
567

Guðs ‘God’s’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

kennings

Guðs son
‘God’s son ’
   = Christ

God’s son → Christ
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son ‘son’

sonr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni): son

kennings

Guðs son
‘God’s son ’
   = Christ

God’s son → Christ

notes

[1] son (m. nom. sg.) ‘son’: For this nom. form, see ANG §395.1. Mar (1871, 1004) reads hun er su blezada iungfru, er hann fæddi med sinum blezudum briostum ‘she is that blessed Virgin, who fed him with her blessed breasts’.

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blessuð ‘blessed’

blessa (verb): bless

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‘whom’

4. at (conj.): that

notes

[2] að tóktu að færa ‘whom you brought’: Lit. ‘whom you began to bring’; so NN §2632. Skj B takes (indeclinable rel. particle) ‘who’ or ‘whom’ to refer to Mary, not to Christ (for as a rel. particle, see NS §267b). Wrightson (2001) translates as ‘until’, but the conjunction is not attested in that meaning (see NS §265).

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tóktu ‘you’

2. taka (verb): take

notes

[2] að tóktu að færa ‘whom you brought’: Lit. ‘whom you began to bring’; so NN §2632. Skj B takes (indeclinable rel. particle) ‘who’ or ‘whom’ to refer to Mary, not to Christ (for as a rel. particle, see NS §267b). Wrightson (2001) translates as ‘until’, but the conjunction is not attested in that meaning (see NS §265).

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‘’

5. at (nota): to (with infinitive)

notes

[2] að tóktu að færa ‘whom you brought’: Lit. ‘whom you began to bring’; so NN §2632. Skj B takes (indeclinable rel. particle) ‘who’ or ‘whom’ to refer to Mary, not to Christ (for as a rel. particle, see NS §267b). Wrightson (2001) translates as ‘until’, but the conjunction is not attested in that meaning (see NS §265).

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færa ‘brought’

2. fœra (verb): bring

notes

[2] að tóktu að færa ‘whom you brought’: Lit. ‘whom you began to bring’; so NN §2632. Skj B takes (indeclinable rel. particle) ‘who’ or ‘whom’ to refer to Mary, not to Christ (for as a rel. particle, see NS §267b). Wrightson (2001) translates as ‘until’, but the conjunction is not attested in that meaning (see NS §265).

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af ‘by’

af (prep.): from

notes

[3] af fornri tungu ‘by the ancient tongue’: This refers to the Old Testament, and, more specifically, to the Mosaic law stipulating the period of purification of women after childbirth (see Lev. XII.2-8). See also Mar (1871, 1004): eptir Moyses logum, ok fertugta dag af hans fædzludeigi offradi hann i helgu musteri ‘according to the laws of Moses, and on the fortieth day after his birth handed him over in the holy temple’. Skj B emends fornri ‘ancient’ to fórnir ‘sacrifices’ to provide an object for the verb færa ‘bring’ (l. 2), and translates tírargjörn af tungu as ælskende tungens hæder ‘loving the tongue’s honour’, which makes little sense (see NN §2682).

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tungu ‘tongue’

tunga (noun f.; °-u; -ur): tongue, language

[3] tungu: so 1032ˣ, 920ˣ, ‘tung[...]’ 713

notes

[3] af fornri tungu ‘by the ancient tongue’: This refers to the Old Testament, and, more specifically, to the Mosaic law stipulating the period of purification of women after childbirth (see Lev. XII.2-8). See also Mar (1871, 1004): eptir Moyses logum, ok fertugta dag af hans fædzludeigi offradi hann i helgu musteri ‘according to the laws of Moses, and on the fortieth day after his birth handed him over in the holy temple’. Skj B emends fornri ‘ancient’ to fórnir ‘sacrifices’ to provide an object for the verb færa ‘bring’ (l. 2), and translates tírargjörn af tungu as ælskende tungens hæder ‘loving the tongue’s honour’, which makes little sense (see NN §2682).

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fornri ‘the ancient’

forn (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): ancient, old

notes

[3] af fornri tungu ‘by the ancient tongue’: This refers to the Old Testament, and, more specifically, to the Mosaic law stipulating the period of purification of women after childbirth (see Lev. XII.2-8). See also Mar (1871, 1004): eptir Moyses logum, ok fertugta dag af hans fædzludeigi offradi hann i helgu musteri ‘according to the laws of Moses, and on the fortieth day after his birth handed him over in the holy temple’. Skj B emends fornri ‘ancient’ to fórnir ‘sacrifices’ to provide an object for the verb færa ‘bring’ (l. 2), and translates tírargjörn af tungu as ælskende tungens hæder ‘loving the tongue’s honour’, which makes little sense (see NN §2682).

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taldra ‘stipulated’

telja (verb): tell, count

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í ‘into’

í (prep.): in, into

notes

[4] í musterið valda ‘into the excellent temple’: Wrightson interprets valda (n. acc. sg.) ‘excellent, chosen’ as the acc. of the weak m. noun valdi ‘ruler’ and treats it as the object of the verb færa ‘bring’ (l. 2) (‘brought the ruler into the temple’).

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musterið ‘temple’

musteri (noun n.; °-s; -): church, temple

notes

[4] í musterið valda ‘into the excellent temple’: Wrightson interprets valda (n. acc. sg.) ‘excellent, chosen’ as the acc. of the weak m. noun valdi ‘ruler’ and treats it as the object of the verb færa ‘bring’ (l. 2) (‘brought the ruler into the temple’).

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valda ‘the excellent’

valdr (adj.): power

notes

[4] í musterið valda ‘into the excellent temple’: Wrightson interprets valda (n. acc. sg.) ‘excellent, chosen’ as the acc. of the weak m. noun valdi ‘ruler’ and treats it as the object of the verb færa ‘bring’ (l. 2) (‘brought the ruler into the temple’).

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móðir ‘mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

[5] móðir: so 1032ˣ, 920ˣ, ‘mó[...]’ 713

kennings

móðir dróttins,
‘mother of the Lord, ’
   = Mary

mother of the Lord, → Mary
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dróttins ‘of the Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

kennings

móðir dróttins,
‘mother of the Lord, ’
   = Mary

mother of the Lord, → Mary
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mætan ‘the glorious’

mætr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): honoured, respected

kennings

mætan gæti himna;
‘the glorious guardian of the heavens; ’
   = God

the glorious guardian of the heavens; → God
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ofrar ‘you hand over’

ofra (verb): raise up, exalt

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himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

mætan gæti himna;
‘the glorious guardian of the heavens; ’
   = God

the glorious guardian of the heavens; → God
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gæti ‘guardian’

gætir (noun m.): guardian

kennings

mætan gæti himna;
‘the glorious guardian of the heavens; ’
   = God

the glorious guardian of the heavens; → God
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taldi ‘declared’

telja (verb): tell, count

notes

[7] taldi (3rd pers. sg. pret. indic.) ‘declared’: Sg. verb with a pl. subject (see NS §70).

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in ‘the’

2. inn (art.): the

notes

[8] in helga Anna ‘the holy Anna’: A prophetess, daughter of Phanuel, in the temple of Jerusalem (Luke II.36). All mss reads inn helga anda (m. acc. sg.) ‘the Holy Spirit’. As shown by the internal rhyme (-ann : Ann-), this is clearly a scribal error, and in 713 and 1032ˣ the correct word has been entered above the l. (in a later hand in 1032ˣ).

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helga ‘holy’

heilagr (adj.; °helgan; compar. -ari, superl. -astr): holy, sacred

notes

[8] in helga Anna ‘the holy Anna’: A prophetess, daughter of Phanuel, in the temple of Jerusalem (Luke II.36). All mss reads inn helga anda (m. acc. sg.) ‘the Holy Spirit’. As shown by the internal rhyme (-ann : Ann-), this is clearly a scribal error, and in 713 and 1032ˣ the correct word has been entered above the l. (in a later hand in 1032ˣ).

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Anna ‘Anna’

Anna (noun f.): Anna

[8] Anna: anda with ‘anna’ added above the line 713, anda with ‘anna’ added above the line in a later hand 1032ˣ, anda 920ˣ

notes

[8] in helga Anna ‘the holy Anna’: A prophetess, daughter of Phanuel, in the temple of Jerusalem (Luke II.36). All mss reads inn helga anda (m. acc. sg.) ‘the Holy Spirit’. As shown by the internal rhyme (-ann : Ann-), this is clearly a scribal error, and in 713 and 1032ˣ the correct word has been entered above the l. (in a later hand in 1032ˣ).

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For this episode of the Purification of the Virgin and the presentation of Christ in the temple witnessed by the ancient priest Simeon and the prophetess Anna, see Luke II.22-38.

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