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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 43VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 43’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 613-14.

Anonymous PoemsLilja
424344

virðiz ‘It seems’

2. virða (verb): value, appraise

[1] virðiz: ‘[...]’ 713

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sem ‘that’

sem (conj.): as, which

[1] sem: so 99a, 705ˣ, hann Bb, 622, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, það 713, 4892

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æðri ‘’

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hærra ‘higher’

hœgri (adj. comp.): higher, highest

[1] hærra: æðri Bb, hærri 622, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ

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mætur ‘dear’

mætr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): honoured, respected

[2] mætur: hjá mætum 99a, 713, 705ˣ, 4892, og mætari Vb, 41 8°ˣ

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guði ‘to God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

[2] guði: so 99a, 713, 705ˣ, 4892, ‘gerdí’ Bb, guð 622, om. Vb, 41 8°ˣ

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hann ‘this’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

[2] hann: so 99a, 705ˣ, ef hann Bb, enn 622, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, er 713, enn á 4892

notes

[2] hann Ádám ‘this Adam (= Adam)’: This reading of the l. reflects Páll Hallsson’s 1656 translation (‘Mig siunes at Adam var langt ypperliger’ ‘it seems to me that Adam was much higher’, Holm papp 23 folˣ, 7r) and has been adopted by eds (except Kock) since Finnur Jónsson’s 1774 edn (1772-8, II). The formula hann + proper name became common in later Icel. and Norw.: see Sigfús Blöndal 1920-4: hann II.1.a-b. Kock dislikes the ‘irregular rhythm’ of this reading and emends to Mér virðiz, sem miklu hærra | mætum guði er Ádám sæti | áðr ek … ‘it seems to me, that Adam sat much higher before the good God, before I …’ (NN §1523). JH finds this a poor solution: er is superfluous, and it is necessary to understand hærra mætum guði as an ordinary dat. with a comp., meaning ‘higher than’. He suggests considering emendation of hærri to næra ‘near’ or næri ‘nearer’.

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Ádám ‘Adam’

Adam (noun m.): Adam

notes

[2] hann Ádám ‘this Adam (= Adam)’: This reading of the l. reflects Páll Hallsson’s 1656 translation (‘Mig siunes at Adam var langt ypperliger’ ‘it seems to me that Adam was much higher’, Holm papp 23 folˣ, 7r) and has been adopted by eds (except Kock) since Finnur Jónsson’s 1774 edn (1772-8, II). The formula hann + proper name became common in later Icel. and Norw.: see Sigfús Blöndal 1920-4: hann II.1.a-b. Kock dislikes the ‘irregular rhythm’ of this reading and emends to Mér virðiz, sem miklu hærra | mætum guði er Ádám sæti | áðr ek … ‘it seems to me, that Adam sat much higher before the good God, before I …’ (NN §1523). JH finds this a poor solution: er is superfluous, and it is necessary to understand hærra mætum guði as an ordinary dat. with a comp., meaning ‘higher than’. He suggests considering emendation of hærri to næra ‘near’ or næri ‘nearer’.

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sæti ‘sat’

sitja (verb): sit

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áðr ‘before’

áðr (adv.; °//): before

[3] áðr: áðr enn 99a, 705ˣ

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Évun ‘Eve’

Eva (noun f.): [Eve, Eva]

[3] Évun (‘euann’): Évu 99a, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, 4892, Évam 622, 713

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æru ‘of honour’

1. æra (noun f.; °-u): honour < ærusnauðr (adj.)

[4] ærusnauð: urðu snauð Vb, 41 8°ˣ

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snauð ‘bereft’

snauðr (adj.): bereft, poor < ærusnauðr (adj.)

[4] ærusnauð: urðu snauð Vb, 41 8°ˣ

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í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

[4] í: uð í 99a

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myrkr ‘darkness’

1. myrkr (noun n.; °myrkrs/myrks; -): darkness

[4] myrkr: písl Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892

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sjá ‘watch out’

2. sjá (verb): see

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svá ‘likewise’

svá (adv.): so, thus

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mun ‘it will go’

munu (verb): will, must

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um ‘for’

1. um (prep.): about, around

[6] um: vin 4892

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treystumz ‘trust’

treysta (verb): trust, believe in

[7] treystumz: treysti 99a, 713, 705ˣ, 4892

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eg ‘I’

ek (pron.; °mín, dat. mér, acc. mik): I, me

[7] eg: eg mier 99a, 713, 705ˣ, 4892

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forðum ‘in the past’

forðum (adv.): formerly, once

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hefir ‘have’

hafa (verb): have

[8] hefir: hefi 99a, 622, 713, 4892, hef Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ

notes

[8] hefir ‘have’: See ANG §531 on the use of the 3rd pers. sg. form for 1st pers. It occurs again at 45/1.

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slæg ‘to be wily’

2. slœgr (adj.): skilful < slœgvitr (adj.)

[8] slægvitr: slægur Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892

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vitr ‘of mind’

vitr (adj.): wise < slœgvitr (adj.)

[8] slægvitr: slægur Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892

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vorðið ‘shown myself’

1. verða (verb): become, be

[8] vorðið: orðið Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, 4892

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