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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pét 51VII

David McDougall (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Pétrsdrápa 51’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 841-2.

Anonymous PoemsPétrsdrápa
505152

á ‘on’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[1, 2, 3] lýstr Pétrum á síðu ‘strikes Peter on the side’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) reads lystr adj., emends en (l. 3) to at, and translates: (englen) vækker villig Petrum således (at) bægge lænkerne om hans side brast itu ‘(the angel), willing, wakes Peter in such a way (that) both the chains about his side broke apart’. As Kock points out (NN §1755), the actual sense of the text is made clearer by comparing the parallel gospel passage, Acts XII.7: et ecce angelus Domini adstitit ... percussoque latere Petri suscitavit eum dicens, ‘surge velociter’ et ceciderunt catenae de manibus eius ‘and behold an angel of the Lord stood by him ... and he striking Peter on the side, raised him up, saying: Arise quickly. And the chains fell off from his hands’. Cf. Pétr 72/30-73/2: Þa stoð engill guðs yfir Petro ... Þessi engill laust ꜳ siðu Petri ok vakti hann sva mælandi: “Ris upp skiott!” Við þessi orð engilssins fellu fio᷎trarnir af honum. ‘Then the angel of God stood over Peter … This angel struck on Peter’s side and woke him saying thus: “Rise up quickly!” With these words of the angel the fetters fell from him.’

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síðu ‘the side’

1. síða (noun f.; °-u; -ur): side

notes

[1, 2, 3] lýstr Pétrum á síðu ‘strikes Peter on the side’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) reads lystr adj., emends en (l. 3) to at, and translates: (englen) vækker villig Petrum således (at) bægge lænkerne om hans side brast itu ‘(the angel), willing, wakes Peter in such a way (that) both the chains about his side broke apart’. As Kock points out (NN §1755), the actual sense of the text is made clearer by comparing the parallel gospel passage, Acts XII.7: et ecce angelus Domini adstitit ... percussoque latere Petri suscitavit eum dicens, ‘surge velociter’ et ceciderunt catenae de manibus eius ‘and behold an angel of the Lord stood by him ... and he striking Peter on the side, raised him up, saying: Arise quickly. And the chains fell off from his hands’. Cf. Pétr 72/30-73/2: Þa stoð engill guðs yfir Petro ... Þessi engill laust ꜳ siðu Petri ok vakti hann sva mælandi: “Ris upp skiott!” Við þessi orð engilssins fellu fio᷎trarnir af honum. ‘Then the angel of God stood over Peter … This angel struck on Peter’s side and woke him saying thus: “Rise up quickly!” With these words of the angel the fetters fell from him.’

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sækir ‘The seeker’

sœkir (noun m.): attacker

kennings

Sækir sannleiks
‘The seeker of truth ’
   = ANGEL

The seeker of truth → ANGEL

notes

[1-2] sækir sannleiks ‘the seeker of truth’: Meissner, 387 notes that this is an unusual angel-kenning and would be more appropriate as a circumlocution for a saint.

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sannleiks ‘of truth’

sannleikr (noun m.): [truth]

kennings

Sækir sannleiks
‘The seeker of truth ’
   = ANGEL

The seeker of truth → ANGEL

notes

[1-2] sækir sannleiks ‘the seeker of truth’: Meissner, 387 notes that this is an unusual angel-kenning and would be more appropriate as a circumlocution for a saint.

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Pétrum ‘Peter’

Pétr (noun m.): Peter

notes

[1, 2, 3] lýstr Pétrum á síðu ‘strikes Peter on the side’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) reads lystr adj., emends en (l. 3) to at, and translates: (englen) vækker villig Petrum således (at) bægge lænkerne om hans side brast itu ‘(the angel), willing, wakes Peter in such a way (that) both the chains about his side broke apart’. As Kock points out (NN §1755), the actual sense of the text is made clearer by comparing the parallel gospel passage, Acts XII.7: et ecce angelus Domini adstitit ... percussoque latere Petri suscitavit eum dicens, ‘surge velociter’ et ceciderunt catenae de manibus eius ‘and behold an angel of the Lord stood by him ... and he striking Peter on the side, raised him up, saying: Arise quickly. And the chains fell off from his hands’. Cf. Pétr 72/30-73/2: Þa stoð engill guðs yfir Petro ... Þessi engill laust ꜳ siðu Petri ok vakti hann sva mælandi: “Ris upp skiott!” Við þessi orð engilssins fellu fio᷎trarnir af honum. ‘Then the angel of God stood over Peter … This angel struck on Peter’s side and woke him saying thus: “Rise up quickly!” With these words of the angel the fetters fell from him.’

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lýstr ‘strikes’

2. lýsa (verb): illuminate, show

notes

[1, 2, 3] lýstr Pétrum á síðu ‘strikes Peter on the side’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) reads lystr adj., emends en (l. 3) to at, and translates: (englen) vækker villig Petrum således (at) bægge lænkerne om hans side brast itu ‘(the angel), willing, wakes Peter in such a way (that) both the chains about his side broke apart’. As Kock points out (NN §1755), the actual sense of the text is made clearer by comparing the parallel gospel passage, Acts XII.7: et ecce angelus Domini adstitit ... percussoque latere Petri suscitavit eum dicens, ‘surge velociter’ et ceciderunt catenae de manibus eius ‘and behold an angel of the Lord stood by him ... and he striking Peter on the side, raised him up, saying: Arise quickly. And the chains fell off from his hands’. Cf. Pétr 72/30-73/2: Þa stoð engill guðs yfir Petro ... Þessi engill laust ꜳ siðu Petri ok vakti hann sva mælandi: “Ris upp skiott!” Við þessi orð engilssins fellu fio᷎trarnir af honum. ‘Then the angel of God stood over Peter … This angel struck on Peter’s side and woke him saying thus: “Rise up quickly!” With these words of the angel the fetters fell from him.’

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sundr ‘asunder’

sundr (adv.): (a)sunder

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fjötrar ‘fetters’

fjǫturr (noun m.): fetter

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dundu ‘they clattered down’

dynja (verb; °dunði): resound

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Flytr ‘conveys’

flytja (verb): convey, move

notes

[5] flytr ... brautu ‘conveys ... away’: Cf. Acts XII.8-10; Pétr 73/14-24.

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brautu ‘away’

1. braut (noun f.; °dat. -/-u; -ir): path, way; away

notes

[5] flytr ... brautu ‘conveys ... away’: Cf. Acts XII.8-10; Pétr 73/14-24.

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fljótt ‘quickly’

2. fljótr (adj.): quick

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hjálp ‘the help’

hjǫlp (noun f.; °hjalpar; hjalpir/hjalpar): help, salvation

kennings

hjálp meingis
‘the help of the multitude ’
   = APOSTLE

the help of the multitude → APOSTLE
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meingis ‘of the multitude’

mengi (noun n.): multitude, crowd

kennings

hjálp meingis
‘the help of the multitude ’
   = APOSTLE

the help of the multitude → APOSTLE
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myrkva ‘’

2. myrkr (adj.; °-an/-jan/-van; compar. -(v)ari/-ri, superl. -(v)astr): dark, murky < myrkvastofa (noun f.)

notes

[7-8] að morni merkiz in forna myrkvastofa læst ‘so that in the morning the ancient prison is found locked’: Acts XII.18 has only facta autem die erat non parva turbatio inter milites quidnam de Petro factum esset ‘Now when day was come, there was no small stir among the soldiers, what was become of Peter’. Pétr 74/20-3 expands on this: Um morgininn eptir varð eigi litit rugl milli riddara ok myrkvastofuvarðmanna ok eptirleitan, hvat af Petro væri vorþit. Fyrir þvi er eigi efanligt, at hann hefir af luktri myrkvastofunni ut farit. En ef hun hefði opin verit, þa mætti þeim auðsynt vera, at hann mundi i brottu vera. ‘The following morning there arose no small disturbance among the soldiers and prison-guards, and a search for what had become of Peter. For that reason there is no doubt that he went out of a closed prison-cell. If it had been open, then it would have been obvious to them that he was likely to have escaped.’ Cf. [Pseudo-] Petrus Comestor, Historia actuum apostolorum, col. 1688: Unde apparet, quia clausum reliquerat carcerem, alioquin non esse ambiguum eum evasisse ‘Wherefore it is apparent that he had left a closed prison-cell, otherwise there would be no doubt that he had escaped’. Cf. the parallel account of the divinely assisted prison-break at Acts V.22-3: ministri ... nuntiaverunt dicentes ‘carcerem quidem invenimus clausum cum omni diligentia et custodes stantes ad ianuas, aperientes autem neminem intus invenimus’ ‘The ministers … told, saying: The prison indeed we found shut with all diligence, and the keepers standing before the doors; but opening it, we found no man within’.

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stofa ‘prison’

stofa (noun f.; °-u; -ur): sitting room < myrkvastofa (noun f.)

notes

[7-8] að morni merkiz in forna myrkvastofa læst ‘so that in the morning the ancient prison is found locked’: Acts XII.18 has only facta autem die erat non parva turbatio inter milites quidnam de Petro factum esset ‘Now when day was come, there was no small stir among the soldiers, what was become of Peter’. Pétr 74/20-3 expands on this: Um morgininn eptir varð eigi litit rugl milli riddara ok myrkvastofuvarðmanna ok eptirleitan, hvat af Petro væri vorþit. Fyrir þvi er eigi efanligt, at hann hefir af luktri myrkvastofunni ut farit. En ef hun hefði opin verit, þa mætti þeim auðsynt vera, at hann mundi i brottu vera. ‘The following morning there arose no small disturbance among the soldiers and prison-guards, and a search for what had become of Peter. For that reason there is no doubt that he went out of a closed prison-cell. If it had been open, then it would have been obvious to them that he was likely to have escaped.’ Cf. [Pseudo-] Petrus Comestor, Historia actuum apostolorum, col. 1688: Unde apparet, quia clausum reliquerat carcerem, alioquin non esse ambiguum eum evasisse ‘Wherefore it is apparent that he had left a closed prison-cell, otherwise there would be no doubt that he had escaped’. Cf. the parallel account of the divinely assisted prison-break at Acts V.22-3: ministri ... nuntiaverunt dicentes ‘carcerem quidem invenimus clausum cum omni diligentia et custodes stantes ad ianuas, aperientes autem neminem intus invenimus’ ‘The ministers … told, saying: The prison indeed we found shut with all diligence, and the keepers standing before the doors; but opening it, we found no man within’.

Close

‘so that’

4. at (conj.): that

notes

[7-8] að morni merkiz in forna myrkvastofa læst ‘so that in the morning the ancient prison is found locked’: Acts XII.18 has only facta autem die erat non parva turbatio inter milites quidnam de Petro factum esset ‘Now when day was come, there was no small stir among the soldiers, what was become of Peter’. Pétr 74/20-3 expands on this: Um morgininn eptir varð eigi litit rugl milli riddara ok myrkvastofuvarðmanna ok eptirleitan, hvat af Petro væri vorþit. Fyrir þvi er eigi efanligt, at hann hefir af luktri myrkvastofunni ut farit. En ef hun hefði opin verit, þa mætti þeim auðsynt vera, at hann mundi i brottu vera. ‘The following morning there arose no small disturbance among the soldiers and prison-guards, and a search for what had become of Peter. For that reason there is no doubt that he went out of a closed prison-cell. If it had been open, then it would have been obvious to them that he was likely to have escaped.’ Cf. [Pseudo-] Petrus Comestor, Historia actuum apostolorum, col. 1688: Unde apparet, quia clausum reliquerat carcerem, alioquin non esse ambiguum eum evasisse ‘Wherefore it is apparent that he had left a closed prison-cell, otherwise there would be no doubt that he had escaped’. Cf. the parallel account of the divinely assisted prison-break at Acts V.22-3: ministri ... nuntiaverunt dicentes ‘carcerem quidem invenimus clausum cum omni diligentia et custodes stantes ad ianuas, aperientes autem neminem intus invenimus’ ‘The ministers … told, saying: The prison indeed we found shut with all diligence, and the keepers standing before the doors; but opening it, we found no man within’.

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merkiz ‘is found’

merkja (verb): mark, signify

notes

[7-8] að morni merkiz in forna myrkvastofa læst ‘so that in the morning the ancient prison is found locked’: Acts XII.18 has only facta autem die erat non parva turbatio inter milites quidnam de Petro factum esset ‘Now when day was come, there was no small stir among the soldiers, what was become of Peter’. Pétr 74/20-3 expands on this: Um morgininn eptir varð eigi litit rugl milli riddara ok myrkvastofuvarðmanna ok eptirleitan, hvat af Petro væri vorþit. Fyrir þvi er eigi efanligt, at hann hefir af luktri myrkvastofunni ut farit. En ef hun hefði opin verit, þa mætti þeim auðsynt vera, at hann mundi i brottu vera. ‘The following morning there arose no small disturbance among the soldiers and prison-guards, and a search for what had become of Peter. For that reason there is no doubt that he went out of a closed prison-cell. If it had been open, then it would have been obvious to them that he was likely to have escaped.’ Cf. [Pseudo-] Petrus Comestor, Historia actuum apostolorum, col. 1688: Unde apparet, quia clausum reliquerat carcerem, alioquin non esse ambiguum eum evasisse ‘Wherefore it is apparent that he had left a closed prison-cell, otherwise there would be no doubt that he had escaped’. Cf. the parallel account of the divinely assisted prison-break at Acts V.22-3: ministri ... nuntiaverunt dicentes ‘carcerem quidem invenimus clausum cum omni diligentia et custodes stantes ad ianuas, aperientes autem neminem intus invenimus’ ‘The ministers … told, saying: The prison indeed we found shut with all diligence, and the keepers standing before the doors; but opening it, we found no man within’.

Close

morni ‘in the morning’

morn (noun f.): morning

notes

[7-8] að morni merkiz in forna myrkvastofa læst ‘so that in the morning the ancient prison is found locked’: Acts XII.18 has only facta autem die erat non parva turbatio inter milites quidnam de Petro factum esset ‘Now when day was come, there was no small stir among the soldiers, what was become of Peter’. Pétr 74/20-3 expands on this: Um morgininn eptir varð eigi litit rugl milli riddara ok myrkvastofuvarðmanna ok eptirleitan, hvat af Petro væri vorþit. Fyrir þvi er eigi efanligt, at hann hefir af luktri myrkvastofunni ut farit. En ef hun hefði opin verit, þa mætti þeim auðsynt vera, at hann mundi i brottu vera. ‘The following morning there arose no small disturbance among the soldiers and prison-guards, and a search for what had become of Peter. For that reason there is no doubt that he went out of a closed prison-cell. If it had been open, then it would have been obvious to them that he was likely to have escaped.’ Cf. [Pseudo-] Petrus Comestor, Historia actuum apostolorum, col. 1688: Unde apparet, quia clausum reliquerat carcerem, alioquin non esse ambiguum eum evasisse ‘Wherefore it is apparent that he had left a closed prison-cell, otherwise there would be no doubt that he had escaped’. Cf. the parallel account of the divinely assisted prison-break at Acts V.22-3: ministri ... nuntiaverunt dicentes ‘carcerem quidem invenimus clausum cum omni diligentia et custodes stantes ad ianuas, aperientes autem neminem intus invenimus’ ‘The ministers … told, saying: The prison indeed we found shut with all diligence, and the keepers standing before the doors; but opening it, we found no man within’.

Close

læst ‘locked’

læstr (adj.): [locked]

notes

[7-8] að morni merkiz in forna myrkvastofa læst ‘so that in the morning the ancient prison is found locked’: Acts XII.18 has only facta autem die erat non parva turbatio inter milites quidnam de Petro factum esset ‘Now when day was come, there was no small stir among the soldiers, what was become of Peter’. Pétr 74/20-3 expands on this: Um morgininn eptir varð eigi litit rugl milli riddara ok myrkvastofuvarðmanna ok eptirleitan, hvat af Petro væri vorþit. Fyrir þvi er eigi efanligt, at hann hefir af luktri myrkvastofunni ut farit. En ef hun hefði opin verit, þa mætti þeim auðsynt vera, at hann mundi i brottu vera. ‘The following morning there arose no small disturbance among the soldiers and prison-guards, and a search for what had become of Peter. For that reason there is no doubt that he went out of a closed prison-cell. If it had been open, then it would have been obvious to them that he was likely to have escaped.’ Cf. [Pseudo-] Petrus Comestor, Historia actuum apostolorum, col. 1688: Unde apparet, quia clausum reliquerat carcerem, alioquin non esse ambiguum eum evasisse ‘Wherefore it is apparent that he had left a closed prison-cell, otherwise there would be no doubt that he had escaped’. Cf. the parallel account of the divinely assisted prison-break at Acts V.22-3: ministri ... nuntiaverunt dicentes ‘carcerem quidem invenimus clausum cum omni diligentia et custodes stantes ad ianuas, aperientes autem neminem intus invenimus’ ‘The ministers … told, saying: The prison indeed we found shut with all diligence, and the keepers standing before the doors; but opening it, we found no man within’.

Close

in ‘the’

2. inn (art.): the

notes

[7-8] að morni merkiz in forna myrkvastofa læst ‘so that in the morning the ancient prison is found locked’: Acts XII.18 has only facta autem die erat non parva turbatio inter milites quidnam de Petro factum esset ‘Now when day was come, there was no small stir among the soldiers, what was become of Peter’. Pétr 74/20-3 expands on this: Um morgininn eptir varð eigi litit rugl milli riddara ok myrkvastofuvarðmanna ok eptirleitan, hvat af Petro væri vorþit. Fyrir þvi er eigi efanligt, at hann hefir af luktri myrkvastofunni ut farit. En ef hun hefði opin verit, þa mætti þeim auðsynt vera, at hann mundi i brottu vera. ‘The following morning there arose no small disturbance among the soldiers and prison-guards, and a search for what had become of Peter. For that reason there is no doubt that he went out of a closed prison-cell. If it had been open, then it would have been obvious to them that he was likely to have escaped.’ Cf. [Pseudo-] Petrus Comestor, Historia actuum apostolorum, col. 1688: Unde apparet, quia clausum reliquerat carcerem, alioquin non esse ambiguum eum evasisse ‘Wherefore it is apparent that he had left a closed prison-cell, otherwise there would be no doubt that he had escaped’. Cf. the parallel account of the divinely assisted prison-break at Acts V.22-3: ministri ... nuntiaverunt dicentes ‘carcerem quidem invenimus clausum cum omni diligentia et custodes stantes ad ianuas, aperientes autem neminem intus invenimus’ ‘The ministers … told, saying: The prison indeed we found shut with all diligence, and the keepers standing before the doors; but opening it, we found no man within’.

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forna ‘ancient’

forn (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): ancient, old

notes

[7-8] að morni merkiz in forna myrkvastofa læst ‘so that in the morning the ancient prison is found locked’: Acts XII.18 has only facta autem die erat non parva turbatio inter milites quidnam de Petro factum esset ‘Now when day was come, there was no small stir among the soldiers, what was become of Peter’. Pétr 74/20-3 expands on this: Um morgininn eptir varð eigi litit rugl milli riddara ok myrkvastofuvarðmanna ok eptirleitan, hvat af Petro væri vorþit. Fyrir þvi er eigi efanligt, at hann hefir af luktri myrkvastofunni ut farit. En ef hun hefði opin verit, þa mætti þeim auðsynt vera, at hann mundi i brottu vera. ‘The following morning there arose no small disturbance among the soldiers and prison-guards, and a search for what had become of Peter. For that reason there is no doubt that he went out of a closed prison-cell. If it had been open, then it would have been obvious to them that he was likely to have escaped.’ Cf. [Pseudo-] Petrus Comestor, Historia actuum apostolorum, col. 1688: Unde apparet, quia clausum reliquerat carcerem, alioquin non esse ambiguum eum evasisse ‘Wherefore it is apparent that he had left a closed prison-cell, otherwise there would be no doubt that he had escaped’. Cf. the parallel account of the divinely assisted prison-break at Acts V.22-3: ministri ... nuntiaverunt dicentes ‘carcerem quidem invenimus clausum cum omni diligentia et custodes stantes ad ianuas, aperientes autem neminem intus invenimus’ ‘The ministers … told, saying: The prison indeed we found shut with all diligence, and the keepers standing before the doors; but opening it, we found no man within’.

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