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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mey 46VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Heilagra meyja drápa 46’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 919-20.

Anonymous PoemsHeilagra meyja drápa
454647

Eufémía ‘Euphemia’

Eufemía (noun f.): [Euphemia]

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goðunum ‘to the gods’

goð (noun n.): (pagan) god

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feska ‘fresh’

fagr (adj.; °fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr): fair, beautiful

kennings

feska plómu guðs
‘the fresh plum-tree of God ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the fresh plum-tree of God → HOLY WOMAN

notes

[3-4] feska plómu guðs ‘the fresh plum-tree [or plum] of God [HOLY WOMAN]’: An unusual kenning for a holy woman. Plóma ‘plum’ occurs only here and in Þul Viðar 1/4III in skaldic poetry, while fe[r]skr, a late loan from Low German, has the sense of ‘good, good-looking, fresh, new’.

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plómu ‘plum-tree’

1. plóma (noun f.; °-u; -ur): plum-tree

kennings

feska plómu guðs
‘the fresh plum-tree of God ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the fresh plum-tree of God → HOLY WOMAN

notes

[3-4] feska plómu guðs ‘the fresh plum-tree [or plum] of God [HOLY WOMAN]’: An unusual kenning for a holy woman. Plóma ‘plum’ occurs only here and in Þul Viðar 1/4III in skaldic poetry, while fe[r]skr, a late loan from Low German, has the sense of ‘good, good-looking, fresh, new’.

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guðs ‘of God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

kennings

feska plómu guðs
‘the fresh plum-tree of God ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the fresh plum-tree of God → HOLY WOMAN

notes

[3-4] feska plómu guðs ‘the fresh plum-tree [or plum] of God [HOLY WOMAN]’: An unusual kenning for a holy woman. Plóma ‘plum’ occurs only here and in Þul Viðar 1/4III in skaldic poetry, while fe[r]skr, a late loan from Low German, has the sense of ‘good, good-looking, fresh, new’.

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‘in accordance with’

3. at (prep.): at, to

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raungum ‘wrong’

rangr (adj.): wrong, false

[4] raungum: so 713, rögum 721

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sakaði ‘was unscathed’

saka (verb): blame, be guilty

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skyldu ‘were intended’

skulu (verb): shall, should, must

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meiða ‘to injure’

meiða (verb): maim, wound

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gætir ‘watches over’

2. gæta (verb): look after, care for

[8] gætir: ‘g[...]’ 713

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

S. Euphemia, celebrated in sts 46-7, was not the object of a cult in Iceland, nor is there any extant prose saga of her life. She is said to have been martyred at Chalcedon (in Asia Minor), after being subjected to many tortures, because she refused to attend a festival in honour of the pagan god Ares. She miraculously survived these assaults until she was thrown to wild beasts.

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