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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hryn 18II

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hrynhenda 18’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 695.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHrynhenda
171819

Öllum ‘to everyone’

allr (adj.): all

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Egða ‘of the Egðir’

Egðir (noun m.): the Egðir

[1] Egða: Agða 8

kennings

Inn víða frægi stillir Egða,
‘Far-famed ruler of the Egðir, ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

Far-famed ruler of the Egðir, → NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon
Close

stillir ‘ruler’

stillir (noun m.): ruler

kennings

Inn víða frægi stillir Egða,
‘Far-famed ruler of the Egðir, ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

Far-famed ruler of the Egðir, → NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon
Close

ægiligt ‘terrifying’

œgiligr (adj.): [terrifying]

[2] ægiligt: ægi E, 81a, 8, eigi G, eigi G, ægiligr Flat

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inn ‘’

2. inn (art.): the

[2] inn: inni G, mönnum 8

kennings

Inn víða frægi stillir Egða,
‘Far-famed ruler of the Egðir, ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

Far-famed ruler of the Egðir, → NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon
Close

víða ‘Far’

1. víða (adv.): widely

kennings

Inn víða frægi stillir Egða,
‘Far-famed ruler of the Egðir, ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

Far-famed ruler of the Egðir, → NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon
Close

frægi ‘famed’

frægr (adj.; °-jan/-an; compar. -ri, superl. -jastr/-astr/-str): famous, renowned

kennings

Inn víða frægi stillir Egða,
‘Far-famed ruler of the Egðir, ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

Far-famed ruler of the Egðir, → NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon
Close

gunnar ‘of battle’

gunnr (noun f.): battle, Gunnr

kennings

geigurþing logs gunnar
‘a dangerous meeting of the flame of battle ’
   = BATTLE

the flame of battle → SWORD
a dangerous meeting of the SWORD → BATTLE

notes

[3] logs gunnar ‘of the flame of battle [SWORD]’: Gunnr is a valkyrie, but here it is more likely the common noun gunnr (f.) ‘battle’. Both meanings could apply here in the kenning.

Close

gunnar ‘of battle’

gunnr (noun f.): battle, Gunnr

kennings

geigurþing logs gunnar
‘a dangerous meeting of the flame of battle ’
   = BATTLE

the flame of battle → SWORD
a dangerous meeting of the SWORD → BATTLE

notes

[3] logs gunnar ‘of the flame of battle [SWORD]’: Gunnr is a valkyrie, but here it is more likely the common noun gunnr (f.) ‘battle’. Both meanings could apply here in the kenning.

Close

logs ‘of the flame’

log (noun n.; °; -): flame

[3] logs: loks E

kennings

geigurþing logs gunnar
‘a dangerous meeting of the flame of battle ’
   = BATTLE

the flame of battle → SWORD
a dangerous meeting of the SWORD → BATTLE

notes

[3] logs gunnar ‘of the flame of battle [SWORD]’: Gunnr is a valkyrie, but here it is more likely the common noun gunnr (f.) ‘battle’. Both meanings could apply here in the kenning.

Close

logs ‘of the flame’

log (noun n.; °; -): flame

[3] logs: loks E

kennings

geigurþing logs gunnar
‘a dangerous meeting of the flame of battle ’
   = BATTLE

the flame of battle → SWORD
a dangerous meeting of the SWORD → BATTLE

notes

[3] logs gunnar ‘of the flame of battle [SWORD]’: Gunnr is a valkyrie, but here it is more likely the common noun gunnr (f.) ‘battle’. Both meanings could apply here in the kenning.

Close

græði ‘of the sea’

grœðir (noun m.): ?healer, ?ocean

notes

[3] græði (m. acc. sg.) ‘sea’: This lit. means ‘healer, enricher’.

Close

geigurþing ‘a dangerous meeting’

geigrþing (noun n.): dangerous meeting

kennings

geigurþing logs gunnar
‘a dangerous meeting of the flame of battle ’
   = BATTLE

the flame of battle → SWORD
a dangerous meeting of the SWORD → BATTLE
Close

Sygna ‘of the Sygnir’

Sygnir (noun m.; °; -ir): the Sygnir

kennings

Dróttinn Sygna,
‘Lord of the Sygnir, ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

Lord of the Sygnir, → NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon
Close

dróttinn ‘Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

[5] dróttinn: so G, 8, Flat, dróttin F, E, 81a

kennings

Dróttinn Sygna,
‘Lord of the Sygnir, ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

Lord of the Sygnir, → NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon

notes

[5] dróttinn (m. nom. sg.) ‘lord’: The present edn follows Konráð Gíslason (1895-7, I, 82), Finnur Jónsson and Kock (Skj B; Skald), who all chose the reading of G, 8 and Flat (construed as a form of address), rather than the reading of F, E and 81a, dróttin (m. acc. sg.) ‘lord’ (see the comparable construction in st. 1/1-2 above). If the acc. dróttin is retained, dróttin Sygna could be taken as an apposition to þik (m. acc. sg.) ‘you’: bað þik, snjallráðan dróttin Sygna ‘asked you, the wise-ruling lord of the Sygnir’.

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ráðan ‘ruling one’

-ráðr (adj.): -ful < snjallráðr (adj.)

[6] ‑ráðan: ‑ráðinn Flat

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allir ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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fyrða ‘of men’

2. fyrðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -): man

kennings

gramr fyrða.
‘ruler of men.’
   = KING

ruler of men. → KING
Close

gramr ‘ruler’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

[7] gramr: so E, 81a, 8, Flat, gram F, G

kennings

gramr fyrða.
‘ruler of men.’
   = KING

ruler of men. → KING
Close

þvít ‘because’

þvít (conj.): because, since

[7] þvít (‘þviat’): því 81a

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

King Hákon met with King Kristófór in Copenhagen. The archbishop acted as intermediary and the Danes agreed to a truce because they were intimidated by the great Norw. fleet.

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