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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Stúfr Stúfdr 1II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Stúfr inn blindi Þórðarson kattar, Stúfsdrápa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 351.

Stúfr inn blindi Þórðarson kattarStúfsdrápa
12

Vissak ‘I knew’

1. vita (verb): know

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hildar ‘of war’

1. hildr (noun f.): battle

kennings

gagnsælan hvessi hildar
‘the victory-blessed inciter of war ’
   = WARRIOR

the victory-blessed inciter of war → WARRIOR
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hvessi ‘inciter’

hvessir (noun m.): [inciter, whetting]

[1] hvessi: corrected from ‘hvassi’ E, ‘hyssi’ H, ‘hyssa’ Hr

kennings

gagnsælan hvessi hildar
‘the victory-blessed inciter of war ’
   = WARRIOR

the victory-blessed inciter of war → WARRIOR
Close

vas ‘was’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[2] vas (‘var’): er H, Hr

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nýztr ‘the most bountiful’

nýtr (adj.; °compar. -ri, superl. nýztr/nýtastr): useful, able

[2] nýztr: nýzt H, Hr

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af ‘with’

af (prep.): from

notes

[3] af góðum byr Gríðar ‘with a good wind of Gríðr <giantess> [MIND]’: For the peculiar kennings of this type, in which ‘wind, breeze of a giantess’ denotes ‘thought, mind, disposition’, see Meissner 138-9 and SnE 1998, I, 108. See also ÞjóðA Run 2/1-3 and Arn Magndr 3/7-8.

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góðum ‘a good’

góðr (adj.): good

kennings

góðum byr Gríðar—
‘a good wind of Gríðr—’
   = MIND

a good wind of Gríðr— → MIND

notes

[3] af góðum byr Gríðar ‘with a good wind of Gríðr <giantess> [MIND]’: For the peculiar kennings of this type, in which ‘wind, breeze of a giantess’ denotes ‘thought, mind, disposition’, see Meissner 138-9 and SnE 1998, I, 108. See also ÞjóðA Run 2/1-3 and Arn Magndr 3/7-8.

Close

byr ‘wind’

byrr (noun m.; °-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)): favourable wind

kennings

góðum byr Gríðar—
‘a good wind of Gríðr—’
   = MIND

a good wind of Gríðr— → MIND

notes

[3] af góðum byr Gríðar ‘with a good wind of Gríðr <giantess> [MIND]’: For the peculiar kennings of this type, in which ‘wind, breeze of a giantess’ denotes ‘thought, mind, disposition’, see Meissner 138-9 and SnE 1998, I, 108. See also ÞjóðA Run 2/1-3 and Arn Magndr 3/7-8.

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Gríðar ‘of Gríðr’

Gríðr (noun f.; °dat./acc. -i): [Gríðr, Gríður]

kennings

góðum byr Gríðar—
‘a good wind of Gríðr—’
   = MIND

a good wind of Gríðr— → MIND

notes

[3] af góðum byr Gríðar ‘with a good wind of Gríðr <giantess> [MIND]’: For the peculiar kennings of this type, in which ‘wind, breeze of a giantess’ denotes ‘thought, mind, disposition’, see Meissner 138-9 and SnE 1998, I, 108. See also ÞjóðA Run 2/1-3 and Arn Magndr 3/7-8.

Close

gagnsælan ‘the victory-blessed’

gagnsæll (adj.): [victory-blessed]

kennings

gagnsælan hvessi hildar
‘the victory-blessed inciter of war ’
   = WARRIOR

the victory-blessed inciter of war → WARRIOR
Close

þás ‘when’

þás (conj.): when

Close

blóð ‘of the blood-’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood < blóðstari (noun m.): [blood-starling]

kennings

bræðir blóðstara,
‘the feeder of the blood-starling, ’
   = WARRIOR

the blood-starling, → RAVEN
the feeder of the RAVEN → WARRIOR
Close

blóð ‘of the blood-’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood < blóðstari (noun m.): [blood-starling]

kennings

bræðir blóðstara,
‘the feeder of the blood-starling, ’
   = WARRIOR

the blood-starling, → RAVEN
the feeder of the RAVEN → WARRIOR
Close

stara ‘starling’

1. stari (noun m.): starling < blóðstari (noun m.): [blood-starling]

[5] ‑stara: ‑staða 39, F

kennings

bræðir blóðstara,
‘the feeder of the blood-starling, ’
   = WARRIOR

the blood-starling, → RAVEN
the feeder of the RAVEN → WARRIOR
Close

stara ‘starling’

1. stari (noun m.): starling < blóðstari (noun m.): [blood-starling]

[5] ‑stara: ‑staða 39, F

kennings

bræðir blóðstara,
‘the feeder of the blood-starling, ’
   = WARRIOR

the blood-starling, → RAVEN
the feeder of the RAVEN → WARRIOR
Close

bræðir ‘the feeder’

bræðir (noun m.): feeder

[5] bræðir: bræði E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ

kennings

bræðir blóðstara,
‘the feeder of the blood-starling, ’
   = WARRIOR

the blood-starling, → RAVEN
the feeder of the RAVEN → WARRIOR
Close

baugum ‘to rings’

baugr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): ring

notes

[6] grimmr baugum ‘ferocious to rings’: Alludes to Haraldr’s generosity when he distributed rings or parts of rings as gifts to his men.

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grimmr ‘ferocious’

grimmr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): fierce

notes

[6] grimmr baugum ‘ferocious to rings’: Alludes to Haraldr’s generosity when he distributed rings or parts of rings as gifts to his men.

Close

Haugi ‘Haug’

haugr (noun m.; °-s, -i; -ar): mound, cairn

notes

[6] at Haugi ‘at Haug’: A royal farmstead in Værdalen near Stiklestad in Trøndelag, Norway.

Close

gjarn ‘willingly’

gjarn (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): eager

notes

[7] gjarn ‘willingly’: Lit. ‘willing’.

Close

gylltu ‘the gilded’

gylltr (adj.): gilded

[7] gylltu: gyldu E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, Hr

notes

[7] gylltu (n. dat. sg.) ‘gilded’: The variant gyldu ‘gilded’ (so E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, Hr; Skj B) is a later form of the same word.

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sjalfr ‘himself’

sjalfr (adj.): self

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The st. illustrates drinking customs at King Haraldr’s court which are mentioned in Ólkyrr in a ch. on court customs in Óláfr’s time.

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