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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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SnSt Ht 88III

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Snorri Sturluson, Háttatal 88’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1198.

Snorri SturlusonHáttatal
878889

þás ‘when’

þás (conj.): when

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hers ‘of the army’

herr (noun m.; °-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra): army, host

[2] hers: her R

kennings

oddviti hers
‘the leader of the army ’
   = Skúli

the leader of the army → Skúli

notes

[2] hers ‘of the army’: Her (acc. or dat. sg.) ‘army’ has been altered in R to hers (gen. sg.) (R*), which has been adopted in Skj B, Skald, SnE 2007 and in the present edn.

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oddviti ‘the leader’

oddviti (noun m.): leader

kennings

oddviti hers
‘the leader of the army ’
   = Skúli

the leader of the army → Skúli
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kallar ‘calls’

kalla (verb): call

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opt ‘often’

opt (adv.): often

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tekr ‘begins’

2. taka (verb): take

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ótali ‘a countless number’

ótal (noun n.): countless

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gjǫf ‘The gift’

gjǫf (noun f.): gift

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gull ‘of the gold’

gull (noun n.): gold < gullbroti (noun m.): [gold-breaker]

kennings

gullbrota;
‘of the gold-breaker; ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the gold-breaker; → GENEROUS MAN
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brota ‘breaker’

broti (noun m.; °-a; -ar): breaker < gullbroti (noun m.): [gold-breaker]

kennings

gullbrota;
‘of the gold-breaker; ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the gold-breaker; → GENEROUS MAN
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sitr ‘sits’

sitja (verb): sit

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þars ‘there is’

þars (conj.): where

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

This variant is based on dróttkvætt, and according to the commentary the alliterating staves are placed as in dróttkvætt lines. Lines 4 and 6 are Type C3 with anacrusis, however, which is avoided in regular dróttkvætt (although it occurs in older and more occasional poetry and also in the metre háttlausa ‘formless’; see st. 67). The metre is called in minnsta runhenda ‘the least end-rhyme’, and the identical end-rhymes are restricted to each couplet (see sts 82, 85).

For this metre, see also RvHbreiðm Hl 21-2. — With Konráð Gíslason (1895-7), Skj B and Skald treat the clause contained in ll. 3-4 as a parenthetic main clause and have the first clause in the second helmingr (ll. 5-6) continue the sentence introduced by en ‘and’ in l. 1 of the first helmingr. While that clause arrangement, which obliterates the caesura between the two half-stanzas, is possible (see st. 84 above), it is less desirable and also unnecessary here. The present edn follows SnE 2007.

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