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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon (HSig) 6II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Lausavísur from Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 819-20.

Anonymous LausavísurLausavísur from Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar
567

Vísts ‘It is certain’

1. víss (adj.): wise, certain(ly)

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austan ‘from the east’

austan (adv.): from the east

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eggjask ‘is being urged’

eggja (verb; °-að-): urge

[2] eggjask: eggjar F, Flat

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vestr ‘in the west’

2. vestr (adv.): west, in the west

[2] vestr: ferð Hr

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leggja ‘arrange’

leggja (verb): put, lay

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mót ‘a meeting’

1. mót (noun n.; °; -): meeting

[3] mót: ‘moz’ Flat

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við ‘with’

2. við (prep.): with, against

notes

[3, 4] við marga prúða knútu ‘with many splendid knuckles’: Knútu m. acc. pl. ‘knuckles, knuckle bones’, used pars pro toto for ‘(dead) men’, anticipating the carnage after the battle.

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marga ‘many’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

notes

[3, 4] við marga prúða knútu ‘with many splendid knuckles’: Knútu m. acc. pl. ‘knuckles, knuckle bones’, used pars pro toto for ‘(dead) men’, anticipating the carnage after the battle.

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knútu ‘knuckles’

knúta (noun f.; °-u): knuckle-bone

[3] knútu: ‘hnvto’ Hr

notes

[3, 4] við marga prúða knútu ‘with many splendid knuckles’: Knútu m. acc. pl. ‘knuckles, knuckle bones’, used pars pro toto for ‘(dead) men’, anticipating the carnage after the battle.

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prúða ‘splendid’

prúðr (adj.; °superl. -astr): magnificent, proud

notes

[3, 4] við marga prúða knútu ‘with many splendid knuckles’: Knútu m. acc. pl. ‘knuckles, knuckle bones’, used pars pro toto for ‘(dead) men’, anticipating the carnage after the battle.

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Kná ‘can’

knega (verb): to know, understand, be able to

[5] Kná: þar á Mork, Flat, H, Hr, þar man Hb

notes

[5] valþiðurr kná velja ‘the carnage-grouse [RAVEN/EAGLE] can choose’: In the Mork, H, Hr variant (þar á valþiðurr velja ‘there the carnage-grouse can choose’), the verb á (3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. of eiga) is used as an auxiliary with the inf. velja ‘choose’. A þiðurr is a capercaillie or wood-grouse.

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val ‘The carnage’

1. valr (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ir): corpse, the slain < valþiðurr (noun m.): [carnage-grouse]

kennings

Valþiðurr
‘The carnage-grouse ’
   = RAVEN/EAGLE

The carnage-grouse → RAVEN/EAGLE

notes

[5] valþiðurr kná velja ‘the carnage-grouse [RAVEN/EAGLE] can choose’: In the Mork, H, Hr variant (þar á valþiðurr velja ‘there the carnage-grouse can choose’), the verb á (3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. of eiga) is used as an auxiliary with the inf. velja ‘choose’. A þiðurr is a capercaillie or wood-grouse.

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þiðurr ‘grouse’

þiðurr (noun m.; °þiðurs; þiðrar): grouse, capercaillie < valþiðurr (noun m.): [carnage-grouse]

kennings

Valþiðurr
‘The carnage-grouse ’
   = RAVEN/EAGLE

The carnage-grouse → RAVEN/EAGLE

notes

[5] valþiðurr kná velja ‘the carnage-grouse [RAVEN/EAGLE] can choose’: In the Mork, H, Hr variant (þar á valþiðurr velja ‘there the carnage-grouse can choose’), the verb á (3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. of eiga) is used as an auxiliary with the inf. velja ‘choose’. A þiðurr is a capercaillie or wood-grouse.

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velja ‘choose’

velja (verb): choose

notes

[5] valþiðurr kná velja ‘the carnage-grouse [RAVEN/EAGLE] can choose’: In the Mork, H, Hr variant (þar á valþiðurr velja ‘there the carnage-grouse can choose’), the verb á (3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. of eiga) is used as an auxiliary with the inf. velja ‘choose’. A þiðurr is a capercaillie or wood-grouse.

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veit ‘it knows’

1. vita (verb): know

[6] veit: veit hann E, Flat, Hb, ‘vei’ Hr

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af ‘from’

af (prep.): from

notes

[7, 8] af haukum stafns stillis ‘from the hawks of the leader’s prow’: I.e. from the champions of the leader’s prow, from the leader’s forecastle-men (stafnbúar). Haukr ‘hawk’ was a term for a brave young man (see LP: 1. haukr 2 and Anon (MErl) l. 7) Skj B takes it as a base-word in a kenning for ‘ship’ (so also ÍF 28), which is also possible: af stillis haukum stafns ‘from the leader’s hawks of the prow’, i.e. ‘from the leader’s ships’. The variant in Hb and E, af stóði stafns Gjúka ‘from the stud-horses of the prow of Gjúki <sea-king>’, is hyperdetermined (stóð Gjúka ‘stud-horses of Gjúki’ and stóð stafns ‘stud-horses of the prow’ both mean ‘ship’) and is of little help.

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stillis ‘of the leader’s’

stillir (noun m.): ruler

[7] stillis haukum: stóði Gjúka E, Hb

notes

[7, 8] af haukum stafns stillis ‘from the hawks of the leader’s prow’: I.e. from the champions of the leader’s prow, from the leader’s forecastle-men (stafnbúar). Haukr ‘hawk’ was a term for a brave young man (see LP: 1. haukr 2 and Anon (MErl) l. 7) Skj B takes it as a base-word in a kenning for ‘ship’ (so also ÍF 28), which is also possible: af stillis haukum stafns ‘from the leader’s hawks of the prow’, i.e. ‘from the leader’s ships’. The variant in Hb and E, af stóði stafns Gjúka ‘from the stud-horses of the prow of Gjúki <sea-king>’, is hyperdetermined (stóð Gjúka ‘stud-horses of Gjúki’ and stóð stafns ‘stud-horses of the prow’ both mean ‘ship’) and is of little help.

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haukum ‘the hawks’

1. haukr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): hawk

[7] stillis haukum: stóði Gjúka E, Hb

notes

[7, 8] af haukum stafns stillis ‘from the hawks of the leader’s prow’: I.e. from the champions of the leader’s prow, from the leader’s forecastle-men (stafnbúar). Haukr ‘hawk’ was a term for a brave young man (see LP: 1. haukr 2 and Anon (MErl) l. 7) Skj B takes it as a base-word in a kenning for ‘ship’ (so also ÍF 28), which is also possible: af stillis haukum stafns ‘from the leader’s hawks of the prow’, i.e. ‘from the leader’s ships’. The variant in Hb and E, af stóði stafns Gjúka ‘from the stud-horses of the prow of Gjúki <sea-king>’, is hyperdetermined (stóð Gjúka ‘stud-horses of Gjúki’ and stóð stafns ‘stud-horses of the prow’ both mean ‘ship’) and is of little help.

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stafns ‘prow’

stafn (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): prow

[8] stafns fylgik því jafnan: repeated as l. 9 in Hb

notes

[7, 8] af haukum stafns stillis ‘from the hawks of the leader’s prow’: I.e. from the champions of the leader’s prow, from the leader’s forecastle-men (stafnbúar). Haukr ‘hawk’ was a term for a brave young man (see LP: 1. haukr 2 and Anon (MErl) l. 7) Skj B takes it as a base-word in a kenning for ‘ship’ (so also ÍF 28), which is also possible: af stillis haukum stafns ‘from the leader’s hawks of the prow’, i.e. ‘from the leader’s ships’. The variant in Hb and E, af stóði stafns Gjúka ‘from the stud-horses of the prow of Gjúki <sea-king>’, is hyperdetermined (stóð Gjúka ‘stud-horses of Gjúki’ and stóð stafns ‘stud-horses of the prow’ both mean ‘ship’) and is of little help.

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fylgik ‘support’

2. fylgja (verb): follow, accompany

[8] stafns fylgik því jafnan: repeated as l. 9 in Hb

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jafnan ‘always’

jafnan (adv.): always

[8] stafns fylgik því jafnan: repeated as l. 9 in Hb

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The st. is spoken by a troll-woman sighted on Haraldr Sigurðarson’s expedition to England in 1066.

[8]: Repeated in Hb (see Anon (HSig) 7-9 below and SnH Lv 6).

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