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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Óldr 25I

Kate Heslop (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar 25’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1056.

Anonymous PoemsÓláfs drápa Tryggvasonar
242526

þrimu ‘the uproar’

þrima (noun f.): battle, din

kennings

þrimu geira;
‘the uproar of spears ’
   = BATTLE

the uproar of spears → BATTLE
Close

geira ‘of spears’

geirr (noun m.): spear

kennings

þrimu geira;
‘the uproar of spears ’
   = BATTLE

the uproar of spears → BATTLE
Close

hverr ‘every’

2. hverr (pron.): who, whom, each, every

kennings

hverr þverrir brimrǫðuls
‘every diminisher of the surf-sun ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the surf-sun → GOLD
every diminisher of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

brim ‘of the surf’

brim (noun n.): surf < brimrǫðull (noun m.): [surf-sun]

kennings

hverr þverrir brimrǫðuls
‘every diminisher of the surf-sun ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the surf-sun → GOLD
every diminisher of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

brim ‘of the surf’

brim (noun n.): surf < brimrǫðull (noun m.): [surf-sun]

kennings

hverr þverrir brimrǫðuls
‘every diminisher of the surf-sun ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the surf-sun → GOLD
every diminisher of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

rǫðuls ‘sun’

rǫðull (noun m.; °dat. rǫðli): heavenly body < brimrǫðull (noun m.): [surf-sun]

kennings

hverr þverrir brimrǫðuls
‘every diminisher of the surf-sun ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the surf-sun → GOLD
every diminisher of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

rǫðuls ‘sun’

rǫðull (noun m.; °dat. rǫðli): heavenly body < brimrǫðull (noun m.): [surf-sun]

kennings

hverr þverrir brimrǫðuls
‘every diminisher of the surf-sun ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the surf-sun → GOLD
every diminisher of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

þverrir ‘diminisher’

þverrir (noun m.): dminisher

kennings

hverr þverrir brimrǫðuls
‘every diminisher of the surf-sun ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the surf-sun → GOLD
every diminisher of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

Hnípði ‘was dejected’

hnípa (verb): droop

Close

drótt ‘The retinue’

1. drótt (noun f.): troop

Close

drúpði ‘drooped’

drúpa (verb; °-pð-): droop

notes

[5, 7] fold drúpði ‘the land drooped’: Personification of the land as mourning for its dead ruler, often described by the verb drúpa ‘to droop, bow the head’, is a common topos in skaldic depictions of bereavement: cf. Þjóð Yt 22/12, Hallst Lv 1/1IV.

Close

dǫpr ‘downcast’

dapr (adj.): gloomy

Close

þar ‘there’

þar (adv.): there

Close

Fróða ‘of Fróði’

Fróði (noun m.): Fróði

kennings

flest fagrbygg Fróða;
‘most beautiful barley of Fróði; ’
   = GOLD

most beautiful barley of Fróði; → GOLD
Close

fold ‘the land’

fold (noun f.): land

notes

[5, 7] fold drúpði ‘the land drooped’: Personification of the land as mourning for its dead ruler, often described by the verb drúpa ‘to droop, bow the head’, is a common topos in skaldic depictions of bereavement: cf. Þjóð Yt 22/12, Hallst Lv 1/1IV.

Close

flest ‘most’

fleiri (adj. comp.; °superl. flestr): more, most

kennings

flest fagrbygg Fróða;
‘most beautiful barley of Fróði; ’
   = GOLD

most beautiful barley of Fróði; → GOLD
Close

fagrbygg ‘beautiful barley’

fagrbygg (noun n.): [beautiful barley]

kennings

flest fagrbygg Fróða;
‘most beautiful barley of Fróði; ’
   = GOLD

most beautiful barley of Fróði; → GOLD
Close

of ‘over’

3. of (prep.): around, from; too

[8] of: ok Bb

notes

[8] of ‘over’: That is, for Óláfr’s death. The ms. has the abbreviation sign for ok ‘and’, which is not syntactically plausible. Either of ‘for’ (Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1832, 17; Gullberg 1875) or at ‘after’ (Skj B; Skald) is a possible emendation; the former has been preferred here as being closer to the ms. reading.

Close

son ‘the son’

sonr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni): son

kennings

son Tryggva,
‘the son of Tryggvi, ’
   = Óláfr

the son of Tryggvi, → Óláfr
Close

Tryggva ‘of Tryggvi’

Tryggvi (noun m.): Tryggvi

kennings

son Tryggva,
‘the son of Tryggvi, ’
   = Óláfr

the son of Tryggvi, → Óláfr
Close

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