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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Óldr 25I

Kate Heslop (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar 25’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1056.

Anonymous PoemsÓláfs drápa Tryggvasonar
242526

Náði jǫrð ept orðna
Eirekr þrimu geira;
hans rôðum varð hlýða
hverr brimrǫðuls þverrir.
Hnípði drótt ok drúpði,
— dǫpr þjóð vas þar — Fróða,
fold, þanns flest gaf hauldum
fagrbygg, of son Tryggva.

Eirekr náði jǫrð ept orðna {þrimu geira}; {hverr þverrir {brimrǫðuls}} varð hlýða rôðum hans. Drótt hnípði ok fold drúpði of {son Tryggva}, þanns gaf hauldum {flest fagrbygg Fróða}; þjóð vas dǫpr þar.

Eiríkr gained the land after {the uproar of spears} [BATTLE] was done; {every diminisher {of the surf-sun}} [GOLD > GENEROUS MAN] had to heed his advice. The retinue was dejected and the land drooped over {the son of Tryggvi} [= Óláfr], who gave men {most beautiful barley of Fróði <legendary king>} [GOLD]; the people were downcast there.

Mss: Bb(113ra)

Readings: [8] of: ok Bb

Editions: Skj AI, 578, Skj BI, 573, Skald I, 278; Munch and Unger 1847, 123, 142, Gullberg 1875, 19, 40.

Notes: [5, 7] fold drúpði ‘the land drooped’: Personification of the land as mourning for its dead ruler, often described by the verb drúpa ‘to droop, bow the head’, is a common topos in skaldic depictions of bereavement: cf. Þjóð Yt 22/12, Hallst Lv 1/1IV. — [8] of ‘over’: That is, for Óláfr’s death. The ms. has the abbreviation sign for ok ‘and’, which is not syntactically plausible. Either of ‘for’ (Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1832, 17; Gullberg 1875) or at ‘after’ (Skj B; Skald) is a possible emendation; the former has been preferred here as being closer to the ms. reading.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. Munch, P. A. and C. R. Unger, eds. 1847. Oldnorsk læsebog med tilhörende glossarium. Christiania (Oslo): Dahl.
  5. Gullberg, H., ed. 1875. Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar: fragment ur “Bergsboken”. Lund: Berling.
  6. Sveinbjörn Egilsson, ed. 1832. Skóla-hátíd í minníngu Fædíngar-dags vors allranádugasta Konúngs Fridriks Sjøtta: Ólafs drápa Tryggvasonar er Hallfredr orti Vandrædaskáld. Videyjarklaustri: Á kostnad Bessastada Skóla.
  7. Internal references
  8. Not published: do not cite (Hallst Lv 1IV)
  9. Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal 22’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 48.
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