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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv I 6VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur I 6’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 682-3.

Anonymous PoemsMáríuvísur I
567

allir ‘they all’

allr (adj.): all

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myndar ‘creates’

1. mynda (verb): shape

[3] myndar: ‘meyndar’ 721

notes

[3] myndar ‘creates’: The ms. reading ‘meyndar’ is not an ON word.

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fólksins ‘people’

folk (noun n.): people

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seim ‘the gold’

2. seimr (noun m.; °dat. -i): gold < seimkennandi (noun m.)

kennings

seimkennandi
‘the gold-tester ’
   = MAN

the gold-tester → MAN
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kennandi ‘tester’

kennandi (noun m.; °-a; kennendr): bringer, conveyor, tester < seimkennandi (noun m.)

kennings

seimkennandi
‘the gold-tester ’
   = MAN

the gold-tester → MAN
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svá ‘so much’

svá (adv.): so, thus

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sendi ‘sender’

sendir (noun m.): sender, distributor

[7] sendi: ‘semdí’ 721

kennings

kunnum sendi sax
‘the famous sender of the sword ’
   = WARRIOR

the famous sender of the sword → WARRIOR

notes

[7-8] sendi sax ‘the sender of the sword [WARRIOR]’: ‘Semdí’ and ‘sa̋r’ (sár ‘wound’) (so 721) must be parts of a kenning for ‘man’. The emendation to sendi (m. dat. sg.) ‘sender’ is supported by the internal rhyme (-und- : -end-), and ‘sa̋r’ must be a corrupt version of the determinant (here: sax [n. gen. sg.] ‘of the sword’). The emendations follow those of Skj B and Skald. Sperber suggests sendi sárs ‘the sender of the wound’ i.e. ‘warrior, man’ (so also Wrightson).

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sax ‘of the sword’

2. sax (noun n.; °-; *-): sword, prow

[8] sax: ‘sa̋r’ 721

kennings

kunnum sendi sax
‘the famous sender of the sword ’
   = WARRIOR

the famous sender of the sword → WARRIOR

notes

[7-8] sendi sax ‘the sender of the sword [WARRIOR]’: ‘Semdí’ and ‘sa̋r’ (sár ‘wound’) (so 721) must be parts of a kenning for ‘man’. The emendation to sendi (m. dat. sg.) ‘sender’ is supported by the internal rhyme (-und- : -end-), and ‘sa̋r’ must be a corrupt version of the determinant (here: sax [n. gen. sg.] ‘of the sword’). The emendations follow those of Skj B and Skald. Sperber suggests sendi sárs ‘the sender of the wound’ i.e. ‘warrior, man’ (so also Wrightson).

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kunnum ‘the famous’

kunna (verb): know, can, be able

kennings

kunnum sendi sax
‘the famous sender of the sword ’
   = WARRIOR

the famous sender of the sword → WARRIOR
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frú ‘the lady’

frú (noun f.): lady

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[5]: The l. contains aðalhending (-agð- : -agð-) rather than the expected skothending.

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