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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mgr 52VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Drápa af Máríugrát 52’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 794-5.

Anonymous PoemsDrápa af Máríugrát
5152

Sæll ‘Blessed’

sæll (adj.): happy, blessed

kennings

Sæll stillir sólar,
‘Blessed ruler of the sun, ’
   = God

Blessed ruler of the sun, → God
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hjálpa ‘help’

1. hjalpa (verb): help

notes

[1] hjálpa (imp. sg.) ‘help’: Inflected as a weak verb here (see ANG §495, Anm. 5).

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sólar ‘of the sun’

sól (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): sun

kennings

Sæll stillir sólar,
‘Blessed ruler of the sun, ’
   = God

Blessed ruler of the sun, → God
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stillir ‘ruler’

stillir (noun m.): ruler

kennings

Sæll stillir sólar,
‘Blessed ruler of the sun, ’
   = God

Blessed ruler of the sun, → God
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sóma ‘with honour’

sómi (noun m.; °-a): honour

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prýddr ‘adorned’

prýða (verb): adorn

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öllum ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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alt ‘everything’

allr (adj.): all

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gott ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

notes

[4] gott ... dróttinn: This irregular rhyme reflects the instability in vowel quantity during this period.

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lofaður ‘praised’

lofa (verb): praise, permit

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dróttinn ‘Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

notes

[4] gott ... dróttinn: This irregular rhyme reflects the instability in vowel quantity during this period.

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Allir ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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Máríu ‘of Mary’

María (noun f.): Mary

kennings

vess Máríu
‘the verse of Mary ’
   = Hail Mary

the verse of Mary → Hail Mary
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vess ‘the verse’

2. vers (noun n.; °vers; -): [verse]

kennings

vess Máríu
‘the verse of Mary ’
   = Hail Mary

the verse of Mary → Hail Mary
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lesi ‘read’

lesa (verb): read

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móður ‘the mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

kennings

móður guðs
‘the mother of God ’
   = Mary

the mother of God → Mary
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guðs ‘of God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

kennings

móður guðs
‘the mother of God ’
   = Mary

the mother of God → Mary
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er ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

notes

[8]: Ms. 713 adds Amen at the end of the l.

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Grátinn ‘the Lament’

grátr (noun m.): weeping, crying

notes

[8]: Ms. 713 adds Amen at the end of the l.

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heyra ‘hear’

2. heyra (verb): hear

notes

[8]: Ms. 713 adds Amen at the end of the l.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

[5-8]: The w.o. of this helmingr is very convoluted, and more than one interpretation is possible. The present edn follows Skj B and Wrightson. Kock (NN §3357) suggests that all the genitives (Máríu ‘Mary’, l. 6; móður guðs ‘the mother of God’, l. 7; dauða dróttins ‘the death of the Lord’, l. 7; dreyra þess ‘his blood’, l. 8) function as appositives to vess ‘verse’ (l. 6). That interpretation is less likely, because vess Máriú ‘the verse of Mary’ must refer to the Hail Mary, i.e. the poet ask the people who hear his poem to read the Hail Mary with tears while recalling Mary and the death of Jesus.

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