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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mey 54VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Heilagra meyja drápa 54’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 925.

Anonymous PoemsHeilagra meyja drápa
535455

tígnar ‘of distinction’

tígn (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): honour

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meyja ‘maidens’

mær (noun f.; °meyjar, dat. meyju; meyjar): maiden

[1] meyja: meyjar 713

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greinandi ‘Recording’

greina (verb): explain, divide

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Ussula ‘Ursula’

Ursula (noun f.): Ursula

[3] Ussula: ‘ursula’ 721, 713

notes

[3] Ussula ‘Ursula’: The rhyme with þessum shows that there has been assimilation of rs to ss, even though the mss do not show it orthographically.

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öllum ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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Einglands ‘of England’

England (noun n.): England

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blóm ‘flower’

blóm (noun n.; °-s; -): flower

[4] blóm: blómi 713

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er ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[4] er: superscript 713

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Húnir ‘Huns’

húnir (noun m.): Huns

[5] Húnir: ‘Hynir’ 713

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hrottar ‘swords’

hrotti (noun m.; °-a): sword

[6] hrottar: so 713, ‘h[...]ottar’ 721

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skýfðu ‘slashed’

skýfa (verb): cut, slash

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brúðir ‘brides’

brúðr (noun f.; °brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir): woman, bride

kennings

brúðir drottins;
‘the brides of the Lord; ’
   = HOLY WOMEN

the brides of the Lord; → HOLY WOMEN
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drottins ‘of the Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

kennings

brúðir drottins;
‘the brides of the Lord; ’
   = HOLY WOMEN

the brides of the Lord; → HOLY WOMEN
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Kolnis ‘of Cologne’

Kolni (noun f.): [Cologne]

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af ‘because of’

af (prep.): from

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The story of S. Ursula and her 11,000 virgin martyr companions has some similarities to that of Sunniva. It was known in Iceland from Breta sögur (first half of C13th), a translation of Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia Regum Britaniae (c. 1136). There is also a brief epitome of the legend in a C14th ms. (Widding, Bekker-Nielsen and Shook 1963, 335). On the cult in Iceland, see Cormack 1994, 29, 34-5, 158. In its elaborated form, the legend of Ursula grew out of a veneration of a small number of unnamed virgins at Cologne in C4th, but, by the C12th, Ursula had become the daughter of a king of Britain. She, together with 11,000 virgins, went on a pilgrimage to Rome and, on their return journey they were murdered by the Huns at Cologne on account of their Christian faith.

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