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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mdr 25VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríudrápa 25’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 499.

Anonymous PoemsMáríudrápa
242526

Brúðr ‘bride’

brúðr (noun f.; °brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir): woman, bride

kennings

Blíð brúðr konungs aldar,
‘Gentle bride of the king of men, ’
   = Mary

the king of men, → God
Gentle bride of GOD → Mary

notes

[1, 4] brúðr konungs aldar ‘bride of the king of men [= God (= Christ) > = Mary]’: On the widespread use of the figure of Mary as ‘Bride of Christ’, see Warner 2000, 121-33 and, for skaldic poetry, Schottmann 1973, 95-8. The locus classicus is the antiphon Assumpta est Maria in cœlum ‘Mary is taken up into the heavens’, for the Feast of the Assumption, which draws heavily on the bridal imagery of the S. of S.

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bezta ‘to the best’

betri (adj. comp.; °superl. beztr/baztr; pos. „ góðr adj.): better, best

[1] bezta kveðju: ‘bez[...]ued[...]u’ B, ‘bezṭạ kvedju’ 399a‑bˣ

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kveðju ‘greeting’

1. kveðja (noun f.; °-u; -ur): greeting

[1] bezta kveðju: ‘bez[...]ued[...]u’ B, ‘bezṭạ kvedju’ 399a‑bˣ

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blíð ‘Gentle’

blíðr (adj.; °n. sg. nom. & acc. blítt/blíðt; compar. -ari, superl. -astr): gentle, happy

kennings

Blíð brúðr konungs aldar,
‘Gentle bride of the king of men, ’
   = Mary

the king of men, → God
Gentle bride of GOD → Mary
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skyldasta ‘most right’

2. skyldr (adj.): obliged

[2] skyldasta: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘skyll[ ...]azta’ B

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víða ‘far and wide’

1. víða (adv.): widely

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það ‘that’

þat (conj.): that

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konungs ‘of the king’

konungr (noun m.; °dat. -i, -s; -ar): king

kennings

Blíð brúðr konungs aldar,
‘Gentle bride of the king of men, ’
   = Mary

the king of men, → God
Gentle bride of GOD → Mary

notes

[1, 4] brúðr konungs aldar ‘bride of the king of men [= God (= Christ) > = Mary]’: On the widespread use of the figure of Mary as ‘Bride of Christ’, see Warner 2000, 121-33 and, for skaldic poetry, Schottmann 1973, 95-8. The locus classicus is the antiphon Assumpta est Maria in cœlum ‘Mary is taken up into the heavens’, for the Feast of the Assumption, which draws heavily on the bridal imagery of the S. of S.

Close

konungs ‘of the king’

konungr (noun m.; °dat. -i, -s; -ar): king

kennings

Blíð brúðr konungs aldar,
‘Gentle bride of the king of men, ’
   = Mary

the king of men, → God
Gentle bride of GOD → Mary

notes

[1, 4] brúðr konungs aldar ‘bride of the king of men [= God (= Christ) > = Mary]’: On the widespread use of the figure of Mary as ‘Bride of Christ’, see Warner 2000, 121-33 and, for skaldic poetry, Schottmann 1973, 95-8. The locus classicus is the antiphon Assumpta est Maria in cœlum ‘Mary is taken up into the heavens’, for the Feast of the Assumption, which draws heavily on the bridal imagery of the S. of S.

Close

aldar ‘of men’

ǫld (noun f.; °; aldir): people, age

kennings

Blíð brúðr konungs aldar,
‘Gentle bride of the king of men, ’
   = Mary

the king of men, → God
Gentle bride of GOD → Mary

notes

[1, 4] brúðr konungs aldar ‘bride of the king of men [= God (= Christ) > = Mary]’: On the widespread use of the figure of Mary as ‘Bride of Christ’, see Warner 2000, 121-33 and, for skaldic poetry, Schottmann 1973, 95-8. The locus classicus is the antiphon Assumpta est Maria in cœlum ‘Mary is taken up into the heavens’, for the Feast of the Assumption, which draws heavily on the bridal imagery of the S. of S.

Close

aldar ‘of men’

ǫld (noun f.; °; aldir): people, age

kennings

Blíð brúðr konungs aldar,
‘Gentle bride of the king of men, ’
   = Mary

the king of men, → God
Gentle bride of GOD → Mary

notes

[1, 4] brúðr konungs aldar ‘bride of the king of men [= God (= Christ) > = Mary]’: On the widespread use of the figure of Mary as ‘Bride of Christ’, see Warner 2000, 121-33 and, for skaldic poetry, Schottmann 1973, 95-8. The locus classicus is the antiphon Assumpta est Maria in cœlum ‘Mary is taken up into the heavens’, for the Feast of the Assumption, which draws heavily on the bridal imagery of the S. of S.

Close

með ‘in accordance with’

með (prep.): with

Close

valdi ‘power’

valdr (adj.): power

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heilug ‘holy’

heilagr (adj.; °helgan; compar. -ari, superl. -astr): holy, sacred

[5] heilug: ‘he[...]ug’ B, BFJ, ‘heịḷug’ 399a‑bˣ, ‘hei[...]ug’ BRydberg

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heyraz ‘sound’

2. heyra (verb): hear

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sendi ‘sent’

senda (verb): send

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Gabriél ‘Gabriel’

Gabríel (noun m.): [Gabriel]

[8] Gabriél: so 399a‑bˣ, BRydberg, ‘gabrie[...]’ B

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la ‘speak’

1. mæla (verb): speak, say

[8] la: ‘mę[...]’ B, BRydberg, BFJ, ‘męḷị’ 399a‑bˣ

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

This st. introduces the theme of the Annunciation; see Luke I.26-38. — [1-4]: The helmingr has been understood to contain an intercalary cl. at l. 3 (so Skald), taking víða ‘far and wide’ (l. 2) with the main cl. Alternatively víða could be construed with the intercalary.

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