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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mdr 26VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríudrápa 26’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 499-500.

Anonymous PoemsMáríudrápa
252627

text and translation

Heil, Máría hærri
hier funnin miskunnar
guðs full, gæzku allri
gnótt, er með þier dróttinn.
Blessuð ert, er birtiz
bót lífs, framar snótum;
tignaz, bless bragna
blóm, þíns kviðar sómi.

Heil, Máría, hier funnin full allri hærri gnótt gæzku guðs miskunnar, dróttinn er með þier. Blessuð ert, er birtiz bót lífs, framar snótum; sómi kviðar þíns tignaz, bless blóm bragna.
 
‘Hail Mary, here found full of the whole higher abundance of the goodness of God’s mercy, the Lord is with you. You who appear as the remedy of life are blessed foremost among women; the honour of your womb is exalted, blessed flower of men.

notes and context

This st. is a close translation of the Ave Maria, which is a conflation of the salutations of Gabriel and Elizabeth in Luke I.28 and I.42. Because of B’s damaged state, one must rely on previous readings and reconstructions, notably the 399a-bˣ transcription. Reconstructions have been checked against the Lat. — [7-8]: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) emends B’s ‘blezuð’ to the n. sg. form blessat, probably assuming dittography from blessuð (l. 5). He construes þíns kviðar sómi tignaz, blessat blóm bragna, translating dit moderlivs hæder æres, menneskenes velsignede blomst ‘your womb’s honour is exalted, mankind’s blessed flower’. Kock (Skald) accepts this interpretation without comment and it has been adopted here. Both Rydberg and Attwood 1996a, 309 and 333-4 keep the ms. reading blessuð and construe with blóm (n. pl.), viz. blessuð blóm þíns kviðar; sómi bragna tígnaz ‘blessed [are] the flowers of your womb; the honour of men is glorified’. This reading is possible, but makes for great syntactic fragmentation of ll. 7-8.

readings

sources

Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV], [B. 1]. En drape om jomfru Maria (Máríudrápa) 26: AII, 468-9, BII, 502, Skald II, 274, NN §1652; Rydberg 1907, 37, 56, Attwood 1996a, 109, 310.

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