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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 42VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Kálfr Hallsson, Kátrínardrápa 42’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 958.

Kálfr HallssonKátrínardrápa
414243

Neittu ‘refuse’

1. neita (verb): refuse

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Þundr ‘the Þundr’

Þundr (noun m.): Þundr

kennings

Þundr grundar orma,
‘the Þundr of the land of serpents, ’
   = WARRIOR

the land of serpents, → GOLD
the Þundr of the GOLD → WARRIOR
Close

orma ‘of serpents’

ormr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): serpent

kennings

Þundr grundar orma,
‘the Þundr of the land of serpents, ’
   = WARRIOR

the land of serpents, → GOLD
the Þundr of the GOLD → WARRIOR
Close

orma ‘of serpents’

ormr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): serpent

kennings

Þundr grundar orma,
‘the Þundr of the land of serpents, ’
   = WARRIOR

the land of serpents, → GOLD
the Þundr of the GOLD → WARRIOR
Close

grundar ‘of the land’

grund (noun f.): earth, land

kennings

Þundr grundar orma,
‘the Þundr of the land of serpents, ’
   = WARRIOR

the land of serpents, → GOLD
the Þundr of the GOLD → WARRIOR
Close

grundar ‘of the land’

grund (noun f.): earth, land

kennings

Þundr grundar orma,
‘the Þundr of the land of serpents, ’
   = WARRIOR

the land of serpents, → GOLD
the Þundr of the GOLD → WARRIOR
Close

pella ‘of velvet’

pell (noun n.; °-s; -): velvet

kennings

brík pella’,
‘screen of velvet’, ’
   = WOMAN

screen of velvet’, → WOMAN
Close

brík ‘screen’

brík (noun f.; °-ar; -r): plank

kennings

brík pella’,
‘screen of velvet’, ’
   = WOMAN

screen of velvet’, → WOMAN
Close

‘that’

4. at (conj.): that

[3] ei: ‘[...]’ 713, ‘(nam)’(?) 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]’ 920ˣ

notes

[3] ... ei ‘that ... not’: Additional text suggested by Finnur Jónsson (Skj B), as the l. is defective in all mss.

Close

ei ‘not’

3. ei (adv.): not

[3] ei: ‘[...]’ 713, ‘(nam)’(?) 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]’ 920ˣ

notes

[3] ... ei ‘that ... not’: Additional text suggested by Finnur Jónsson (Skj B), as the l. is defective in all mss.

Close

píslir ‘tortures’

písl (noun f.; °-ar; -ir/-ar(Maurit 650²²)): torture

[3] píslir: so 399a‑bˣ, 920ˣ, ‘pis[...]er’ 713

Close

stækar ‘violent’

stækr (adj.): [violent]

Close

pálmar ‘the palm trees’

palmr (noun m.; °; -ar): palm-tree

[4] pálmar hneitis: ‘[...]iz’ 713, ‘pálm(ar)’(?) followed by an open space 399a‑bˣ, ‘pálm [...] s’ 920ˣ

kennings

pálmar hneitis
‘the palm trees of the sword ’
   = WARRIORS

the palm trees of the sword → WARRIORS

notes

[4] pálmar hneitis ‘the palm trees of the sword [WARRIORS]’: This emendation was first suggested by Kahle and has been followed by all eds. An aðalhending with veit- is required. The same kenning occurs at 46/5.

Close

hneitis ‘of the sword’

hneitir (noun m.): sword

[4] pálmar hneitis: ‘[...]iz’ 713, ‘pálm(ar)’(?) followed by an open space 399a‑bˣ, ‘pálm [...] s’ 920ˣ

kennings

pálmar hneitis
‘the palm trees of the sword ’
   = WARRIORS

the palm trees of the sword → WARRIORS

notes

[4] pálmar hneitis ‘the palm trees of the sword [WARRIORS]’: This emendation was first suggested by Kahle and has been followed by all eds. An aðalhending with veit- is required. The same kenning occurs at 46/5.

Close

veiti* ‘the offering’

2. veita (verb): grant, give < veitiselja (noun f.)

[5] veiti*selja: veitis selja all

kennings

veiti*selja víns,
‘the offering-willow of wine, ’
   = WOMAN

the offering-willow of wine, → WOMAN
Close

selja ‘willow’

1. selja (noun f.; °-u): willow < veitiselja (noun f.)

[5] veiti*selja: veitis selja all

kennings

veiti*selja víns,
‘the offering-willow of wine, ’
   = WOMAN

the offering-willow of wine, → WOMAN
Close

víns ‘of wine’

vín (noun n.; °-s; -): wine

[6] víns: ‘[...]s’ 713, om. 399a‑bˣ, ‘v [...]’ 920ˣ

kennings

veiti*selja víns,
‘the offering-willow of wine, ’
   = WOMAN

the offering-willow of wine, → WOMAN
Close

frestaðu ‘delay’

fresta (verb): [delay]

Close

aldri ‘never’

aldri (adv.): never

Close

hilmi ‘the king’

hilmir (noun m.): prince, protector

[8] hilmi: ‘hil[...]’ 713, ‘hil(mi)’(?) 399a‑bˣ, ‘hil [...]’ 920ˣ

kennings

hilmi sunnu’.
‘the king of the sun’.’
   = God

the king of the sun’. → God
Close

sunnu ‘of the sun’

sunna (noun f.): sun

kennings

hilmi sunnu’.
‘the king of the sun’.’
   = God

the king of the sun’. → God
Close

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