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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 41VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Kálfr Hallsson, Kátrínardrápa 41’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 957.

Kálfr HallssonKátrínardrápa
404142

Porphíríum ‘Porphyry’

Porfiríus (noun m.): [Porphyry]

[1] Porphíríum: so 399a‑bˣ, 920ˣ, ‘Forphirium’ 713

notes

[1-2] Porphíríum og tvenn hundrað manna vann prýddan ‘Porphyry and two hundred men achieved honour’: On this impersonal use of vinna, see Fritzner: vinna 7.

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prýddan ‘honour’

prýða (verb): adorn

[2] prýddan: so 399a‑bˣ, 920ˣ, ‘pr[...]ddan’ 713

notes

[1-2] Porphíríum og tvenn hundrað manna vann prýddan ‘Porphyry and two hundred men achieved honour’: On this impersonal use of vinna, see Fritzner: vinna 7.

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vann ‘achieved’

2. vinna (verb): perform, work

notes

[1-2] Porphíríum og tvenn hundrað manna vann prýddan ‘Porphyry and two hundred men achieved honour’: On this impersonal use of vinna, see Fritzner: vinna 7.

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og ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

notes

[1-2] Porphíríum og tvenn hundrað manna vann prýddan ‘Porphyry and two hundred men achieved honour’: On this impersonal use of vinna, see Fritzner: vinna 7.

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tvenn ‘two’

tvennr (adj.): two

notes

[1-2] Porphíríum og tvenn hundrað manna vann prýddan ‘Porphyry and two hundred men achieved honour’: On this impersonal use of vinna, see Fritzner: vinna 7.

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hundrað ‘hundred’

hundrað (noun n.; °-s; hundruð/-): hundred

notes

[1-2] Porphíríum og tvenn hundrað manna vann prýddan ‘Porphyry and two hundred men achieved honour’: On this impersonal use of vinna, see Fritzner: vinna 7.

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manna ‘men’

maðr (noun m.): man, person

notes

[1-2] Porphíríum og tvenn hundrað manna vann prýddan ‘Porphyry and two hundred men achieved honour’: On this impersonal use of vinna, see Fritzner: vinna 7.

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hljóti ‘receive’

hljóta (verb): alot, gain

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göfuglig ‘generous’

gǫfugligr (adj.): glorious

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sólar ‘of the sun’

sól (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): sun

kennings

jöfri sólar.
‘the king of the sun. ’
   = God

the king of the sun. → God
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jöfri ‘the king’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

kennings

jöfri sólar.
‘the king of the sun. ’
   = God

the king of the sun. → God
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Ljúfri ‘the beloved’

ljúfr (adj.): beloved

kennings

ljúfri ambátt lofðungs himintungla,
‘the beloved handmaid of the king of heavenly bodies ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of heavenly bodies → God
the beloved handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
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lestir ‘The destroyer’

lestir (noun m.): damager, destroyer

kennings

Lestir hlífa,
‘The destroyer of defences, ’
   = WARRIOR

The destroyer of defences, → WARRIOR
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hlífa ‘of defences’

hlíf (noun f.; °-ar; -ar): shield, defence

kennings

Lestir hlífa,
‘The destroyer of defences, ’
   = WARRIOR

The destroyer of defences, → WARRIOR
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lofðungs ‘of the king’

lofðungr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, leader

kennings

ljúfri ambátt lofðungs himintungla,
‘the beloved handmaid of the king of heavenly bodies ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of heavenly bodies → God
the beloved handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
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lofðungs ‘of the king’

lofðungr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, leader

kennings

ljúfri ambátt lofðungs himintungla,
‘the beloved handmaid of the king of heavenly bodies ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of heavenly bodies → God
the beloved handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
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ambátt ‘handmaid’

ambátt (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar (ambottor EiðKrA 391²²)): handmaid

[6] ambátt himintungla: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘a[...] himenn tungl[...]’ 713, om. 920ˣ

kennings

ljúfri ambátt lofðungs himintungla,
‘the beloved handmaid of the king of heavenly bodies ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of heavenly bodies → God
the beloved handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
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himin ‘of heavenly’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky < himintungl (noun n.): heavenly body

[6] ambátt himintungla: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘a[...] himenn tungl[...]’ 713, om. 920ˣ

kennings

ljúfri ambátt lofðungs himintungla,
‘the beloved handmaid of the king of heavenly bodies ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of heavenly bodies → God
the beloved handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
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himin ‘of heavenly’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky < himintungl (noun n.): heavenly body

[6] ambátt himintungla: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘a[...] himenn tungl[...]’ 713, om. 920ˣ

kennings

ljúfri ambátt lofðungs himintungla,
‘the beloved handmaid of the king of heavenly bodies ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of heavenly bodies → God
the beloved handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

tungla ‘bodies’

tungl (noun n.; °-s; -): heavenly body < himintungl (noun n.): heavenly body

[6] ambátt himintungla: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘a[...] himenn tungl[...]’ 713, om. 920ˣ

kennings

ljúfri ambátt lofðungs himintungla,
‘the beloved handmaid of the king of heavenly bodies ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of heavenly bodies → God
the beloved handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

tungla ‘bodies’

tungl (noun n.; °-s; -): heavenly body < himintungl (noun n.): heavenly body

[6] ambátt himintungla: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘a[...] himenn tungl[...]’ 713, om. 920ˣ

kennings

ljúfri ambátt lofðungs himintungla,
‘the beloved handmaid of the king of heavenly bodies ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of heavenly bodies → God
the beloved handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
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auð ‘wealth’

1. auðr (noun m.; °-s/-ar, dat. -i/-): wealth

[7] auð (‘au(ð)’): so 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]’ 713, om. 920ˣ

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eitri ‘poison’

eitr (noun n.; °; dat. -um): poison

notes

[8] líkr eitri ‘like poison’: Nothing quite comparable in the prose text (Unger 1877, I, 420; Wolf 2003, 34); the poet presumably implies that Maxentius reverts again and again to the only means of persuasion he knows, the offer of marriage and secular power, which is anathema to the bride of Christ.

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líkr ‘like’

líkr (adj.): like

notes

[8] líkr eitri ‘like poison’: Nothing quite comparable in the prose text (Unger 1877, I, 420; Wolf 2003, 34); the poet presumably implies that Maxentius reverts again and again to the only means of persuasion he knows, the offer of marriage and secular power, which is anathema to the bride of Christ.

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drotning ‘queen’

dróttning (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-, acc. -u/-; -ar): queen

[8] drotning: so 399a‑bˣ, 920ˣ, ‘drot[...]’ 713

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heita ‘be called’

2. heita (verb): be called, promise

[8] heita: so 399a‑bˣ, 920ˣ, ‘h[...]’ 713

notes

[8] heita (inf.) ‘be called’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kock (Skald) emend to heiti ‘title’ for heita ‘be called’, which alters the meaning of the phrase eignaz skyldi ... drotning heiti to ‘would receive ... the title of queen’.

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Between sts 41-5, 713 is defective because p. 133 has a tear running more or less vertically for about half its length.

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