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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bǫlv Hardr 4II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Bǫlverkr Arnórsson, Drápa about Haraldr harðráði 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 289-90.

Bǫlverkr ArnórssonDrápa about Haraldr harðráði
345

blés ‘gushed’

2. blása (verb; °blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn): blow

notes

[1] blés blóði ‘blood gushed’: Lit. ‘it gushed with blood’. Blása ‘gush, spout’ is used impersonally with blóði (n. dat. sg.) ‘blood’ as the object.

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blóði ‘blood’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood

notes

[1] blés blóði ‘blood gushed’: Lit. ‘it gushed with blood’. Blása ‘gush, spout’ is used impersonally with blóði (n. dat. sg.) ‘blood’ as the object.

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renndusk ‘glided’

2. renna (verb): run (strong)

[2] renndusk: reyndusk Hr

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vátt ‘you fought’

1. vega (verb): strike, slay

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drengliga ‘valiantly’

drengliga (adv.; °superl. -ast): [valiantly]

[3] drengliga: drengiliga Hr

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dreyrafull ‘gore-filled’

dreyrafullr (adj.): [gore-filled]

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Sikiley ‘of Sicily’

Sikiley (noun f.): [Sicily]

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liði ‘host’

lið (noun n.; °-s; -): retinue, troop

notes

[6] miklu liði (n. dat. sg.) ‘with a great host’: Skj B connects this phrase with the next cl. (translated as hvor blodet strömmedeud af mange mænds legemer ‘where blood rushed … out of many men’s bodies’), which complicates the w. o. unnecessarily (see NN §1793B). For the dat. in this expression, see NS §110.b. The image of defeat and slaughter worded as if this were a glorious conquest (‘the sunken corpse conquered sand with a great host [of corpses]’) is clearly meant to be ironic.

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miklu ‘with a great’

mikill (adj.; °mikinn): great, large

notes

[6] miklu liði (n. dat. sg.) ‘with a great host’: Skj B connects this phrase with the next cl. (translated as hvor blodet strömmedeud af mange mænds legemer ‘where blood rushed … out of many men’s bodies’), which complicates the w. o. unnecessarily (see NN §1793B). For the dat. in this expression, see NS §110.b. The image of defeat and slaughter worded as if this were a glorious conquest (‘the sunken corpse conquered sand with a great host [of corpses]’) is clearly meant to be ironic.

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of ‘over’

3. of (prep.): around, from; too

notes

[8] of skokka ‘over bottom-boards’: Skokkr can mean ‘coffin, shrine’, ‘sheath for a knife’ and ‘bottom-boards’ (see Heggstad, Hødnebø and Simensen 1997: skokkr 1-3). See also sts 5/8 and 8/5 below, Arn Þorfdr 21/8, Kolli Ingdr 4/7, NN §1793 and Lindquist 1928.

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skokka ‘bottom-boards’

skokkr (noun m.): bottom-board

[8] skokka: stokka Hr

notes

[8] of skokka ‘over bottom-boards’: Skokkr can mean ‘coffin, shrine’, ‘sheath for a knife’ and ‘bottom-boards’ (see Heggstad, Hødnebø and Simensen 1997: skokkr 1-3). See also sts 5/8 and 8/5 below, Arn Þorfdr 21/8, Kolli Ingdr 4/7, NN §1793 and Lindquist 1928.

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Haraldr campaigned in North Africa.

For this campaign, see also ÞjóðA Sex 2-3, Ill Har 4, Sigfús Blöndal 1978, 60-3 and Jesch 2001a, 88-9. — [1] súð ‘the ship’: See Note to Hharð Gamv 2/2.

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