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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bǫlv Hardr 3II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Bǫlverkr Arnórsson, Drápa about Haraldr harðráði 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 289.

Bǫlverkr ArnórssonDrápa about Haraldr harðráði

text and translation

Snjallr rauð í styr stillir
stôl ok gekk á mála;
háðisk hvert ár síðan
hildr, sem sjalfir vilduð.

Snjallr stillir rauð stôl í styr ok gekk á mála; hildr háðisk hvert ár síðan, sem sjalfir vilduð.
‘The valiant ruler reddened swords in battle and entered paid service; war was waged every year thereafter, as you yourself wanted.

notes and context

Haraldr entered the service of the Byzantine emperor as a mercenary and campaigned in Greece as commander of the Varangian army.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Bǫlverkr Arnórsson, Drape om Harald hårdråde 3: AI, 385, BI, 355, Skald I, 178, NN §2036; Fms 6, 135 (HSig ch. 3); Flat 1860-8, III, 292, Mork 1928-32, 62, Andersson and Gade 2000, 134, 472 (MH).


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