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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon (HSig) 1II

Kari Ellen Gade and Diana Whaley (eds) 2009, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Lausavísur from Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 815-16.

Anonymous LausavísurLausavísur from Haralds saga Sigurðarsonar
12

Skôru ‘carved’

skera (verb): cut

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jast ‘yeast’

jast (noun n.): yeast

[1] jast: oss FskBˣ, FskAˣ

notes

[1] ór jastosti ‘from yeast-cheese’: Kock (NN §1953A) objected to this tmesis and suggested the reading skru jastar osti translated as skuro av jästost ‘cut from yeast-cheese’. That reading is not supported by any ms. Jastostr is a hap. leg. and it is not clear what type of cheese this could have been (see ÍF 28, 100 n.; Grøn 1927, 100). Skj B translates it as myseost, a brown cheese made from the whey of cow’s milk, which is, however, not made with yeast. The Fsk variant, skru oss ór osti ‘cut for us from cheese’, is secondary and leaves the l. with faulty internal rhyme.

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ór ‘from’

3. ór (prep.): out of

[1] ór: er FskBˣ, af FskAˣ

notes

[1] ór jastosti ‘from yeast-cheese’: Kock (NN §1953A) objected to this tmesis and suggested the reading skru jastar osti translated as skuro av jästost ‘cut from yeast-cheese’. That reading is not supported by any ms. Jastostr is a hap. leg. and it is not clear what type of cheese this could have been (see ÍF 28, 100 n.; Grøn 1927, 100). Skj B translates it as myseost, a brown cheese made from the whey of cow’s milk, which is, however, not made with yeast. The Fsk variant, skru oss ór osti ‘cut for us from cheese’, is secondary and leaves the l. with faulty internal rhyme.

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osti ‘cheese’

ostr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): [cheese]

notes

[1] ór jastosti ‘from yeast-cheese’: Kock (NN §1953A) objected to this tmesis and suggested the reading skru jastar osti translated as skuro av jästost ‘cut from yeast-cheese’. That reading is not supported by any ms. Jastostr is a hap. leg. and it is not clear what type of cheese this could have been (see ÍF 28, 100 n.; Grøn 1927, 100). Skj B translates it as myseost, a brown cheese made from the whey of cow’s milk, which is, however, not made with yeast. The Fsk variant, skru oss ór osti ‘cut for us from cheese’, is secondary and leaves the l. with faulty internal rhyme.

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ey ‘of the island’

1. ey (noun f.; °-jar, dat. -ju/-; -jar): island < eybaugr (noun m.): island-ring

kennings

eybaugs
‘of the island-ring ’
   = SEA

the island-ring → SEA

notes

[2] Dana eybaugs ‘of the Danes of the island-ring [SEA]’: Designates the inhabitants of coastal Denmark (cf. sæbyggvar ‘people living by the sea’; Fritzner: sæbyggi; NN §909; see also Eydanir ‘Island-Danes’ in ÞjóðA Har 6/2 and Mark Eirdr 22/8). Eybaugs could also qualify þing ‘object’ (l. 4) in which case þat þing eybaugs ‘that object of the island-ring (i.e. sea)’ would refer to the anchor rings (so ÍF 28; ÍF 29). Skj B opts for the latter, but adopts the E variant: þau þing eybaugs of ǫngruðu þengil ‘those objects of the island-ring angered the lord’ (ll. 2-4).

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baugs ‘ring’

baugr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): ring < eybaugr (noun m.): island-ring

kennings

eybaugs
‘of the island-ring ’
   = SEA

the island-ring → SEA

notes

[2] Dana eybaugs ‘of the Danes of the island-ring [SEA]’: Designates the inhabitants of coastal Denmark (cf. sæbyggvar ‘people living by the sea’; Fritzner: sæbyggi; NN §909; see also Eydanir ‘Island-Danes’ in ÞjóðA Har 6/2 and Mark Eirdr 22/8). Eybaugs could also qualify þing ‘object’ (l. 4) in which case þat þing eybaugs ‘that object of the island-ring (i.e. sea)’ would refer to the anchor rings (so ÍF 28; ÍF 29). Skj B opts for the latter, but adopts the E variant: þau þing eybaugs of ǫngruðu þengil ‘those objects of the island-ring angered the lord’ (ll. 2-4).

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Dana ‘of the Danes’

danr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ir): Dane

notes

[2] Dana eybaugs ‘of the Danes of the island-ring [SEA]’: Designates the inhabitants of coastal Denmark (cf. sæbyggvar ‘people living by the sea’; Fritzner: sæbyggi; NN §909; see also Eydanir ‘Island-Danes’ in ÞjóðA Har 6/2 and Mark Eirdr 22/8). Eybaugs could also qualify þing ‘object’ (l. 4) in which case þat þing eybaugs ‘that object of the island-ring (i.e. sea)’ would refer to the anchor rings (so ÍF 28; ÍF 29). Skj B opts for the latter, but adopts the E variant: þau þing eybaugs of ǫngruðu þengil ‘those objects of the island-ring angered the lord’ (ll. 2-4).

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of ‘’

4. of (particle): (before verb)

[3] of: om. Flat, FskBˣ, FskAˣ, Kˣ, 39, F, J2ˣ

notes

[3] of angraði ‘angered’: The expletive particle of is archaic and must represent the original reading (see Gade 2000).

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angraði ‘angered’

angra (verb; °-að-): anger, trouble

[3] angraði: ǫngruðu E

notes

[3] of angraði ‘angered’: The expletive particle of is archaic and must represent the original reading (see Gade 2000).

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akkerishringa ‘anchor-rings’

akkerishringr (noun m.): [anchor-rings]

notes

[4] akkerishringa ‘anchor-rings’: Refers to the ring on top of the anchor through which the rope passed (see Falk 1912, 78-9).

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mǫrg ‘many a’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

[5] mǫrg í: ‘mægi’ Flat

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í ‘this’

í (prep.): in, into

[5] mǫrg í: ‘mægi’ Flat

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morgun ‘morning’

morginn (noun m.; °morgins, dat. morgni; morgnar): morning

[5] morgun: morgin Flat, H, Hr, 39, F

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hlær ‘laugh’

hlæja (verb): laugh

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ernan ‘a powerful’

ern (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): powerful

[7] ernan: œrnan H, Hr, 39, E

notes

[7] ernan ‘powerful, vigorous’: Skj B and Skald give the variant œrnan (so H, Hr, 39, E) from œrinn ‘plentiful’.

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ór ‘of’

3. ór (prep.): out of

[7] ór: af FskBˣ

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allvalds ‘the mighty ruler’s’

allvaldr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): mighty ruler

[8] allvalds: allvaldr Flat, ‘alldzualldz’ E

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The daughters of the Dan. chieftain Þorkell geysir ‘Big-mouth’ mock King Haraldr harðráði of Norway by carving anchor-rings from cheese, saying that these will suffice to secure his ships. Haraldr arrives in Denmark, burns Þorkell’s farmstead and captures his daughters (c. 1048).

For this campaign, see also Hharð Lv 4, ÞjóðA Lv 2, Bǫlv Hardr 8 and Grani Har 1-2.

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