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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 3VII

Jonna Louis-Jensen and Tarrin Wills (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Plácitusdrápa 3’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 183-4.

Anonymous PoemsPlácitusdrápa
234

Beiðir ‘Demander’

(not checked:)
beiðir (noun m.): demander

[1] Beiðir: ‘Bei[...]’ 673b, ‘Beiþ’ 673bÞH

kennings

‘Beiðir ormstalls,
‘‘Demander of the serpent-lair, ’
   = MAN

the serpent-lair, → GOLD
‘Demander of the GOLD → MAN
Close

segðu ‘tell’

(not checked:)
segja (verb): say, tell

Close

ok ‘and’

(not checked:)
3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

Close

byr ‘of the wind’

(not checked:)
byrr (noun m.; °-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)): favourable wind < byrskrín (noun n.)

[2] byrskríns: ‘byrscrns’ 673b

kennings

stillir byrskríns,
‘the ruler of the wind-shrine, ’
   = God

the wind-shrine, → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

byr ‘of the wind’

(not checked:)
byrr (noun m.; °-jar/-s; -ir, acc. -i/-u(SigrVal 188¹³)): favourable wind < byrskrín (noun n.)

[2] byrskríns: ‘byrscrns’ 673b

kennings

stillir byrskríns,
‘the ruler of the wind-shrine, ’
   = God

the wind-shrine, → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

skríns ‘shrine’

(not checked:)
skrín (noun n.; °-s; -): shrine < byrskrín (noun n.)

[2] byrskríns: ‘byrscrns’ 673b

kennings

stillir byrskríns,
‘the ruler of the wind-shrine, ’
   = God

the wind-shrine, → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

skríns ‘shrine’

(not checked:)
skrín (noun n.; °-s; -): shrine < byrskrín (noun n.)

[2] byrskríns: ‘byrscrns’ 673b

kennings

stillir byrskríns,
‘the ruler of the wind-shrine, ’
   = God

the wind-shrine, → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

þínum ‘your’

(not checked:)
þinn (pron.; °f. þín, n. þitt): your

Close

ǫll ‘all’

(not checked:)
allr (adj.): all

Close

vil ‘will’

(not checked:)
vilja (verb): want, intend

Close

kvað ‘said’

(not checked:)
2. kveðja (verb): say, greet

Close

stillir ‘the ruler’

(not checked:)
stillir (noun m.): ruler

kennings

stillir byrskríns,
‘the ruler of the wind-shrine, ’
   = God

the wind-shrine, → SKY/HEAVEN
the ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

orm ‘of the serpent’

(not checked:)
ormr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): serpent < ormstallr (noun m.)

kennings

‘Beiðir ormstalls,
‘‘Demander of the serpent-lair, ’
   = MAN

the serpent-lair, → GOLD
‘Demander of the GOLD → MAN
Close

orm ‘of the serpent’

(not checked:)
ormr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): serpent < ormstallr (noun m.)

kennings

‘Beiðir ormstalls,
‘‘Demander of the serpent-lair, ’
   = MAN

the serpent-lair, → GOLD
‘Demander of the GOLD → MAN
Close

stalls ‘lair’

(not checked:)
stallr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): seat, stall, support < ormstallr (noun m.)

kennings

‘Beiðir ormstalls,
‘‘Demander of the serpent-lair, ’
   = MAN

the serpent-lair, → GOLD
‘Demander of the GOLD → MAN
Close

stalls ‘lair’

(not checked:)
stallr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): seat, stall, support < ormstallr (noun m.)

kennings

‘Beiðir ormstalls,
‘‘Demander of the serpent-lair, ’
   = MAN

the serpent-lair, → GOLD
‘Demander of the GOLD → MAN
Close

í ‘to’

(not checked:)
í (prep.): in, into

Close

trú ‘the faith’

(not checked:)
trú (noun f.; °-ar): faith, belief

Close

kalla ‘call’

(not checked:)
kalla (verb): call

Close

Hyr ‘of the fire’

(not checked:)
hyrr (noun m.): fire < hyrsløngvir (noun m.)

kennings

Hvalranns hyrsløngvir,
‘fire-flinger of the whale-house’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the whale-house, → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
Flinger of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

Hyr ‘of the fire’

(not checked:)
hyrr (noun m.): fire < hyrsløngvir (noun m.)

kennings

Hvalranns hyrsløngvir,
‘fire-flinger of the whale-house’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the whale-house, → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
Flinger of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

sløngvir ‘Flinger’

(not checked:)
sløngvir (noun m.): slinger < hyrsløngvir (noun m.)

[5] ‑sløngvir: ‘sclavgvir’ 673b

kennings

Hvalranns hyrsløngvir,
‘fire-flinger of the whale-house’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the whale-house, → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
Flinger of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

kom ‘come’

(not checked:)
koma (verb; kem, kom/kvam, kominn): come

notes

[5] kom ‘come’: Extrametrical þú in ms. has been removed.

Close

hingat ‘here’

(not checked:)
hingat (adv.): (to) here

Close

hval ‘of the whale’

(not checked:)
hvalr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ir/-ar): whale < hvalrann (noun n.): [whale-house]

kennings

Hvalranns hyrsløngvir,
‘fire-flinger of the whale-house’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the whale-house, → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
Flinger of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

hval ‘of the whale’

(not checked:)
hvalr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ir/-ar): whale < hvalrann (noun n.): [whale-house]

kennings

Hvalranns hyrsløngvir,
‘fire-flinger of the whale-house’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the whale-house, → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
Flinger of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

hval ‘of the whale’

(not checked:)
hvalr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ir/-ar): whale < hvalrann (noun n.): [whale-house]

kennings

Hvalranns hyrsløngvir,
‘fire-flinger of the whale-house’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the whale-house, → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
Flinger of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

ranns ‘house’

(not checked:)
rann (noun n.): house, hall < hvalrann (noun n.): [whale-house]

kennings

Hvalranns hyrsløngvir,
‘fire-flinger of the whale-house’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the whale-house, → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
Flinger of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

ranns ‘house’

(not checked:)
rann (noun n.): house, hall < hvalrann (noun n.): [whale-house]

kennings

Hvalranns hyrsløngvir,
‘fire-flinger of the whale-house’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the whale-house, → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
Flinger of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

ranns ‘house’

(not checked:)
rann (noun n.): house, hall < hvalrann (noun n.): [whale-house]

kennings

Hvalranns hyrsløngvir,
‘fire-flinger of the whale-house’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the whale-house, → SEA
the fire of the SEA → GOLD
Flinger of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
Close

um ‘’

(not checked:)
1. um (prep.): about, around

[6] um: ‘[...]’ 673b

notes

[6] um: Supplied by Finnur Jónsson (1887). Skj B has ‘of’.

Close

þá ‘then’

(not checked:)
2. þá (adv.): then

Close

mun ‘will’

(not checked:)
munu (verb): will, must

Close

s ‘which’

(not checked:)
2. er (conj.): who, which, when

Close

*… ‘’

(not checked:)
(non-lexical)

[7, 8] *… yfir: ‘høf[...] hvfer’ 673b, ‘þof n vfer’ 673bFJ

notes

[7-8] ... yfir ‘... about [it]’: Sveinbjörn Egilsson (1833) emended ms. ‘høf.. hvfer’ to ófir, supposedly a variant of váfir (yfir) ‘is imminent, threatens’. Finnur Jónsson read ‘þof..n vfer’ (1887) and later ‘þof..r yfer’ (Skj A), but in Skj B he followed Sveinbjörn in emending the word to ófir and connecting it with yfir. Jón Helgason (1932-3) accepted the older reading ‘høf..’ and explained the <h> in ‘hvfer’ (=yfir) at the beginning of the following l. as an attempt to restore alliteration which had been disturbed by the evidently intrusive ‘h’ in ‘høf..’. While doubting the existence of the form ófir = váfir, Jón offered no alternative explanation. It seems at least as likely that yfir should belong with þegja to form the expression þegja yfir e-u ‘keep silent about something’. Kock suggested høfum = œfum (from Low German oven ‘exercise, do’ [NN §2490]), but one does not expect a Low German loan-word in a text of this date.

Close

yfir ‘about [it]’

(not checked:)
yfir (prep.): over

[7, 8] *… yfir: ‘høf[...] hvfer’ 673b, ‘þof n vfer’ 673bFJ

notes

[7-8] ... yfir ‘... about [it]’: Sveinbjörn Egilsson (1833) emended ms. ‘høf.. hvfer’ to ófir, supposedly a variant of váfir (yfir) ‘is imminent, threatens’. Finnur Jónsson read ‘þof..n vfer’ (1887) and later ‘þof..r yfer’ (Skj A), but in Skj B he followed Sveinbjörn in emending the word to ófir and connecting it with yfir. Jón Helgason (1932-3) accepted the older reading ‘høf..’ and explained the <h> in ‘hvfer’ (=yfir) at the beginning of the following l. as an attempt to restore alliteration which had been disturbed by the evidently intrusive ‘h’ in ‘høf..’. While doubting the existence of the form ófir = váfir, Jón offered no alternative explanation. It seems at least as likely that yfir should belong with þegja to form the expression þegja yfir e-u ‘keep silent about something’. Kock suggested høfum = œfum (from Low German oven ‘exercise, do’ [NN §2490]), but one does not expect a Low German loan-word in a text of this date.

Close

þegjum ‘we are [I am] silent’

(not checked:)
þegja (verb): be silent

Close

‘now’

(not checked:)
nú (adv.): now

Close

segja ‘tell’

(not checked:)
segja (verb): say, tell

Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

On verbal correspondences between this st. and the A and C versions of the prose text, see Louis-Jensen 1998, cxvii.

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