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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þstf Stuttdr 5II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Þórarinn stuttfeldr, Stuttfeldardrápa 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 477.

Þórarinn stuttfeldrStuttfeldardrápa
456

Ey ‘always’

4. ey (adv.): always

[1] Ey: Æ Hr

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uppi ‘be remembered’

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Endils ‘of Endill’s’

Endill (noun m.): Endill

kennings

Endils svǫrgœðis
‘bird-fattener of Endill’
   = WARRIOR

Endill’s bird → RAVEN/EAGLE
the fattener of the RAVEN/EAGLE → WARRIOR
Close

Endils ‘of Endill’s’

Endill (noun m.): Endill

kennings

Endils svǫrgœðis
‘bird-fattener of Endill’
   = WARRIOR

Endill’s bird → RAVEN/EAGLE
the fattener of the RAVEN/EAGLE → WARRIOR
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meðan ‘as long as’

meðan (conj.): while

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stendr ‘remains’

standa (verb): stand

Close

sól ‘of the sun’s’

sól (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): sun < sólborg (noun f.): sólborg

kennings

salr sólborgar
‘the hall of the sun’s stronghold ’
   = EARTH

the sun’s stronghold → SKY/HEAVEN
the hall of the SKY/HEAVEN → EARTH
Close

sól ‘of the sun’s’

sól (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): sun < sólborg (noun f.): sólborg

kennings

salr sólborgar
‘the hall of the sun’s stronghold ’
   = EARTH

the sun’s stronghold → SKY/HEAVEN
the hall of the SKY/HEAVEN → EARTH
Close

borgar ‘stronghold’

borg (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -; -ir): city, stronghold < sólborg (noun f.): sólborg

kennings

salr sólborgar
‘the hall of the sun’s stronghold ’
   = EARTH

the sun’s stronghold → SKY/HEAVEN
the hall of the SKY/HEAVEN → EARTH
Close

borgar ‘stronghold’

borg (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -; -ir): city, stronghold < sólborg (noun f.): sólborg

kennings

salr sólborgar
‘the hall of the sun’s stronghold ’
   = EARTH

the sun’s stronghold → SKY/HEAVEN
the hall of the SKY/HEAVEN → EARTH
Close

salr ‘the hall’

1. salr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; dat. sǫlum): hall

kennings

salr sólborgar
‘the hall of the sun’s stronghold ’
   = EARTH

the sun’s stronghold → SKY/HEAVEN
the hall of the SKY/HEAVEN → EARTH
Close

svǫr ‘bird’

svǫrr (noun m.): [bird] < svǫrgœðir (noun m.)

[4] svǫr‑: ‘suar’ Hr

kennings

Endils svǫrgœðis
‘bird-fattener of Endill’
   = WARRIOR

Endill’s bird → RAVEN/EAGLE
the fattener of the RAVEN/EAGLE → WARRIOR
Close

svǫr ‘bird’

svǫrr (noun m.): [bird] < svǫrgœðir (noun m.)

[4] svǫr‑: ‘suar’ Hr

kennings

Endils svǫrgœðis
‘bird-fattener of Endill’
   = WARRIOR

Endill’s bird → RAVEN/EAGLE
the fattener of the RAVEN/EAGLE → WARRIOR
Close

gœðis ‘of the fattener’

gœðir (noun m.): strengthener, increaser < svǫrgœðir (noun m.)

kennings

Endils svǫrgœðis
‘bird-fattener of Endill’
   = WARRIOR

Endill’s bird → RAVEN/EAGLE
the fattener of the RAVEN/EAGLE → WARRIOR
Close

fǫr ‘The journey’

fǫr (noun f.): journey, fate; movement

[4] fǫr: so Hr, fjǫr H

notes

[4] fǫr ‘journey’: So Hr. The H variant fjǫr ‘life’ makes less sense because the poem is detailing Sigurðr’s journey.

Close

Þú ‘you’

þú (pron.; °gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik): you

[5] Þú hefr: hefir þú Hr

notes

[5, 6] þú hefr þvegizk ‘you have washed yourself’: Kock (NN §3107; Skald I) emends to þú vast þveginn ‘you were washed’ to achieve double alliteration (þú vast í vátri ‘you were in the wet’; l. 5). Sigurðr’s namesake, Sigurðr slembidjákn Magnússon, also submerged himself in the River Jordan (see Ív Sig 9), as did Jarl Rǫgnvaldr Kali of Orkney and his companions c. 40 years later (see Orkn, ÍF 34, 231-2).

Close

hefr ‘have’

hafa (verb): have

[5] Þú hefr: hefir þú Hr

notes

[5, 6] þú hefr þvegizk ‘you have washed yourself’: Kock (NN §3107; Skald I) emends to þú vast þveginn ‘you were washed’ to achieve double alliteration (þú vast í vátri ‘you were in the wet’; l. 5). Sigurðr’s namesake, Sigurðr slembidjákn Magnússon, also submerged himself in the River Jordan (see Ív Sig 9), as did Jarl Rǫgnvaldr Kali of Orkney and his companions c. 40 years later (see Orkn, ÍF 34, 231-2).

Close

vegsamr ‘Glorious’

vegsamr (adj.): [glorious]

kennings

Vegsamr gráns geirs gnýstœrir,
‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’
   = WARRIOR

Glorious of the clash of the grey spear, → BATTLE
of the BATTLEincreaser → WARRIOR
Close

vegsamr ‘Glorious’

vegsamr (adj.): [glorious]

kennings

Vegsamr gráns geirs gnýstœrir,
‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’
   = WARRIOR

Glorious of the clash of the grey spear, → BATTLE
of the BATTLEincreaser → WARRIOR
Close

þvegizk ‘washed yourself’

1. þvá (verb): wash

notes

[5, 6] þú hefr þvegizk ‘you have washed yourself’: Kock (NN §3107; Skald I) emends to þú vast þveginn ‘you were washed’ to achieve double alliteration (þú vast í vátri ‘you were in the wet’; l. 5). Sigurðr’s namesake, Sigurðr slembidjákn Magnússon, also submerged himself in the River Jordan (see Ív Sig 9), as did Jarl Rǫgnvaldr Kali of Orkney and his companions c. 40 years later (see Orkn, ÍF 34, 231-2).

Close

geirs ‘spear’

geirr (noun m.): spear

kennings

Vegsamr gráns geirs gnýstœrir,
‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’
   = WARRIOR

Glorious of the clash of the grey spear, → BATTLE
of the BATTLEincreaser → WARRIOR

notes

[7-8] gnýstœrir gráns geirs ‘increaser of the clash of the grey spear [(lit. ‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’) BATTLE > WARRIOR]’: So Hr. Gnýstýrir gráns geirs ‘guider of the clash of the grey spear’ (so H) is also possible as a kenning for ‘warrior’, but the <ý> in -stýrir was likely caused by the vowel in the preceding syllable.

Close

geirs ‘spear’

geirr (noun m.): spear

kennings

Vegsamr gráns geirs gnýstœrir,
‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’
   = WARRIOR

Glorious of the clash of the grey spear, → BATTLE
of the BATTLEincreaser → WARRIOR

notes

[7-8] gnýstœrir gráns geirs ‘increaser of the clash of the grey spear [(lit. ‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’) BATTLE > WARRIOR]’: So Hr. Gnýstýrir gráns geirs ‘guider of the clash of the grey spear’ (so H) is also possible as a kenning for ‘warrior’, but the <ý> in -stýrir was likely caused by the vowel in the preceding syllable.

Close

gný ‘of the clash’

gnýr (noun m.): din, tumult < gnýstœrir (noun m.)

kennings

Vegsamr gráns geirs gnýstœrir,
‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’
   = WARRIOR

Glorious of the clash of the grey spear, → BATTLE
of the BATTLEincreaser → WARRIOR

notes

[7-8] gnýstœrir gráns geirs ‘increaser of the clash of the grey spear [(lit. ‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’) BATTLE > WARRIOR]’: So Hr. Gnýstýrir gráns geirs ‘guider of the clash of the grey spear’ (so H) is also possible as a kenning for ‘warrior’, but the <ý> in -stýrir was likely caused by the vowel in the preceding syllable.

Close

gný ‘of the clash’

gnýr (noun m.): din, tumult < gnýstœrir (noun m.)

kennings

Vegsamr gráns geirs gnýstœrir,
‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’
   = WARRIOR

Glorious of the clash of the grey spear, → BATTLE
of the BATTLEincreaser → WARRIOR

notes

[7-8] gnýstœrir gráns geirs ‘increaser of the clash of the grey spear [(lit. ‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’) BATTLE > WARRIOR]’: So Hr. Gnýstýrir gráns geirs ‘guider of the clash of the grey spear’ (so H) is also possible as a kenning for ‘warrior’, but the <ý> in -stýrir was likely caused by the vowel in the preceding syllable.

Close

stœrir ‘increaser’

stœrir (noun m.): increaser < gnýstœrir (noun m.)

[7] ‑stœrir: so Hr, ‑stýrir H

kennings

Vegsamr gráns geirs gnýstœrir,
‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’
   = WARRIOR

Glorious of the clash of the grey spear, → BATTLE
of the BATTLEincreaser → WARRIOR

notes

[7-8] gnýstœrir gráns geirs ‘increaser of the clash of the grey spear [(lit. ‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’) BATTLE > WARRIOR]’: So Hr. Gnýstýrir gráns geirs ‘guider of the clash of the grey spear’ (so H) is also possible as a kenning for ‘warrior’, but the <ý> in -stýrir was likely caused by the vowel in the preceding syllable.

Close

gráns ‘of the grey’

grár (adj.; °gráan/grán): grey

[8] gráns: grams Hr

kennings

Vegsamr gráns geirs gnýstœrir,
‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’
   = WARRIOR

Glorious of the clash of the grey spear, → BATTLE
of the BATTLEincreaser → WARRIOR

notes

[7-8] gnýstœrir gráns geirs ‘increaser of the clash of the grey spear [(lit. ‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’) BATTLE > WARRIOR]’: So Hr. Gnýstýrir gráns geirs ‘guider of the clash of the grey spear’ (so H) is also possible as a kenning for ‘warrior’, but the <ý> in -stýrir was likely caused by the vowel in the preceding syllable.

Close

gráns ‘of the grey’

grár (adj.; °gráan/grán): grey

[8] gráns: grams Hr

kennings

Vegsamr gráns geirs gnýstœrir,
‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’
   = WARRIOR

Glorious of the clash of the grey spear, → BATTLE
of the BATTLEincreaser → WARRIOR

notes

[7-8] gnýstœrir gráns geirs ‘increaser of the clash of the grey spear [(lit. ‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’) BATTLE > WARRIOR]’: So Hr. Gnýstýrir gráns geirs ‘guider of the clash of the grey spear’ (so H) is also possible as a kenning for ‘warrior’, but the <ý> in -stýrir was likely caused by the vowel in the preceding syllable.

Close

Jórðáni ‘River Jordan’

Jórdán (noun f.): River Jordan

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In 1110 Sigurðr travelled to Palestine and went swimming in the River Jordan.

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