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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þstf Stuttdr 5II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Þórarinn stuttfeldr, Stuttfeldardrápa 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 477.

Þórarinn stuttfeldrStuttfeldardrápa
456

Ey mun uppi
Endils, meðan stendr
sólborgar salr,
svǫrgœðis fǫr.
Þú hefr í vátri,
vegsamr, þvegizk,
geirs gnýstœrir,
gráns, Jórðáni.

Fǫr {{Endils svǫr}gœðis} mun ey uppi, meðan {salr {sólborgar}} stendr. {Vegsamr {gráns geirs gný}stœrir}, þú hefr þvegizk í vátri Jórðáni.

The journey {of the fattener {of Endill’s <sea-king’s> bird}} [(lit. ‘bird-fattener of Endill’) RAVEN/EAGLE > WARRIOR] will always be remembered as long as {the hall {of the sun’s stronghold}} [SKY/HEAVEN > EARTH] remains. {Glorious increaser {of the clash of the grey spear}} [(lit. ‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’) BATTLE > WARRIOR], you have washed yourself in the watery River Jordan.

Mss: H(96v), Hr(65vb) (H-Hr)

Readings: [1] Ey: Æ Hr    [4] svǫr‑: ‘suar’ Hr;    fǫr: so Hr, fjǫr H    [5] Þú hefr: hefir þú Hr    [7] ‑stœrir: so Hr, ‑stýrir H    [8] gráns: grams Hr

Editions: Skj AI, 490, Skj BI, 462-3, Skald I, 227, NN §3107; Fms 7, 92 (Msona ch. 10).

Context: In 1110 Sigurðr travelled to Palestine and went swimming in the River Jordan.

Notes: [4] fǫr ‘journey’: So Hr. The H variant fjǫr ‘life’ makes less sense because the poem is detailing Sigurðr’s journey. — [5, 6] þú hefr þvegizk ‘you have washed yourself’: Kock (NN §3107; Skald I) emends to þú vast þveginn ‘you were washed’ to achieve double alliteration (þú vast í vátri ‘you were in the wet’; l. 5). Sigurðr’s namesake, Sigurðr slembidjákn Magnússon, also submerged himself in the River Jordan (see Ív Sig 9), as did Jarl Rǫgnvaldr Kali of Orkney and his companions c. 40 years later (see Orkn, ÍF 34, 231-2). — [7-8] gnýstœrir gráns geirs ‘increaser of the clash of the grey spear [(lit. ‘clash-increaser of the grey spear’) BATTLE > WARRIOR]’: So Hr. Gnýstýrir gráns geirs ‘guider of the clash of the grey spear’ (so H) is also possible as a kenning for ‘warrior’, but the <ý> in -stýrir was likely caused by the vowel in the preceding syllable.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. ÍF 34 = Orkneyinga saga. Ed. Finnbogi Guðmundsson. 1965.
  6. Internal references
  7. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Orkneyinga saga (Orkn)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  8. Not published: do not cite (MsonaII)
  9. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Biography of) Sigurðr slembidjákn Magnússon’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 499-500.
  10. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Ívarr Ingimundarson, Sigurðarbálkr 9’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 506-7.
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