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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hákkv 29II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 29’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 721.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHákonarkviða
282930

Skaut ‘thrust’

skaut (noun n.; °; -): sail

[1] Skaut: so all others, ‘Skaú’ E

notes

[1] skaut ‘thrust’: Used impersonally with gyltu borði vínfars ‘the gilded rim of the wine-vessel’ i.e. ‘cup’ (ll. 1, 4) as the dat. object.

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vín ‘of the wine’

vín (noun n.; °-s; -): wine < vínfar (noun n.)

[1] vín‑: so Flat, vist‑ all others

kennings

vínfars
‘of the wine-vessel ’
   = CUP

the wine-vessel → CUP

notes

[1] vínfars ‘of the wine-vessel [CUP]’: So Flat. Vistfars ‘of the food-vessel’ i.e. ‘of the plate’ (so E, F, 81a) makes little sense in the context.

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fars ‘vessel’

far (noun n.; °-s; *-): travel, vessel, trace, life, conduct < vínfar (noun n.)

kennings

vínfars
‘of the wine-vessel ’
   = CUP

the wine-vessel → CUP

notes

[1] vínfars ‘of the wine-vessel [CUP]’: So Flat. Vistfars ‘of the food-vessel’ i.e. ‘of the plate’ (so E, F, 81a) makes little sense in the context.

Close

vísa ‘of the leader’s’

vísi (noun m.; °-a): leader

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góm ‘the gum’

gómr (noun m.): gum, gums < gómsker (noun n.)

kennings

gómsker
‘the gum-skerries ’
   = TEETH

the gum-skerries → TEETH

notes

[3] gómsker ‘the gum-skerries’: For a similar kenning, see VSt Erf 1/3III.

Close

sker ‘skerries’

sker (noun n.; °-s; -, gen. -ja): skerry < gómsker (noun n.)

[3] ‑sker: ‑skers Flat

kennings

gómsker
‘the gum-skerries ’
   = TEETH

the gum-skerries → TEETH

notes

[3] gómsker ‘the gum-skerries’: For a similar kenning, see VSt Erf 1/3III.

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gyltu ‘The gilded’

1. gylla (verb): gild

[4] gyltu: gyldu Flat

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hilmis ‘of the ruler’s’

hilmir (noun m.): prince, protector

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en ‘and’

2. en (conj.): but, and

[6] en: om. Flat

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hunangs ‘the honey’

hunang (noun n.; °-s): honey < 1. hunangsbára (noun f.): [honey-wave]

kennings

hunangsbára
‘the honey-wave ’
   = MEAD

the honey-wave → MEAD
Close

bára ‘wave’

1. bára (noun f.; °-u; -ur): wave < 1. hunangsbára (noun f.): [honey-wave]

kennings

hunangsbára
‘the honey-wave ’
   = MEAD

the honey-wave → MEAD
Close

geð ‘the mind’

geð (noun n.): mind < geðknǫrr (noun m.): [mind-ship]

kennings

geðknörr
‘the mind-ship ’
   = BREAST

the mind-ship → BREAST
Close

knörr ‘ship’

knǫrr (noun m.; °knarrar, dat. knerri; knerrir, acc. knǫrru/knerri): (a kind of) ship < geðknǫrr (noun m.): [mind-ship]

kennings

geðknörr
‘the mind-ship ’
   = BREAST

the mind-ship → BREAST
Close

glymjandi ‘foaming’

glymja (verb): resound

[8] glymjandi: so F, Flat, glymjanda E, om. 81a

notes

[8] glymjandi (f. nom. sg.) ‘foaming’: So F, Flat. Glymjanda (so E) is ungrammatical (n. or m. sg. oblique, and the pres. part. qualifies -bára f. nom. sg. ‘-wave’).

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As st. 28 above.

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