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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv ErfÓl 6I

Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Erfidrápa Óláfs helga 6’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 672.

Sigvatr ÞórðarsonErfidrápa Óláfs helga
567

Vissi ‘It demonstrated’

1. vita (verb): know

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helzt ‘most clearly’

heldr (adv.): rather

[1] helzt: heldr 61, Bb, Flat, Tóm

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þats ‘that’

þats (conj.): that, which

[1] þats (‘þat er’): þar er 68, Holm4, 61, Flat, Tóm, þá er Bb

notes

[1] þats ‘that’: It seems that þat refers back to the implicit subject of vissi ‘demonstrated’ (impersonal in the Text, subject expressed as ‘it’ in the Translation), and that [e]s is the rel. particle (cf. NS §267a).

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mǫrgum ‘many’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many < hundmargr (adj.): immense

[2] ‑mǫrgum: mǫrk 321ˣ, morginn 73aˣ

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lét ‘had’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

notes

[2, 3, 4] lét … skorða skǫr ‘had the hair … cut’: Cf. Note to st. 4/5, 8. Skorða is f. acc. sg. p. p. of skora, a syncopated form of the expected skoraða. The literal sense of the verb is ‘to score, cut into’, thereby suggesting that it is not after all just a haircut (for which the variant skorna, f. acc. sg. p. p. of skera ‘cut’ would be the usual word); cf. Note to st. 4/5, 8.

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grundar ‘of the land’

grund (noun f.): earth, land

[2] grundar: grandat 68, Bb, om. 325XI 2 g

kennings

vǫrðr grundar
‘the guardian of the land ’
   = KING = Óláfr

the guardian of the land → KING = Óláfr
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vǫrðr ‘the guardian’

vǫrðr (noun m.; °varðar, dat. verði/vǫrð; verðir, acc. vǫrðu): guardian, defender

[3] vǫrðr: vǫrðum 68

kennings

vǫrðr grundar
‘the guardian of the land ’
   = KING = Óláfr

the guardian of the land → KING = Óláfr
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skorða ‘cut’

skera (verb): cut

[3] skorða: om. Holm2, hǫrðum 321ˣ, 73aˣ, skerða 68, Holm4, 325VII, skorna 61, Bb, Flat, Tóm

notes

[2, 3, 4] lét … skorða skǫr ‘had the hair … cut’: Cf. Note to st. 4/5, 8. Skorða is f. acc. sg. p. p. of skora, a syncopated form of the expected skoraða. The literal sense of the verb is ‘to score, cut into’, thereby suggesting that it is not after all just a haircut (for which the variant skorna, f. acc. sg. p. p. of skera ‘cut’ would be the usual word); cf. Note to st. 4/5, 8.

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víkingum ‘vikings’

víkingr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): viking

[4] víkingum: víkinginn 73aˣ, víkinga 68

notes

[4] víkingum ‘vikings’: These are the Norwegians who have been causing trouble in the kingdom (see Context to st. 4); on the shades of meaning of this word, see Jesch (2001a, 49-54).

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skǫr ‘the hair’

skǫr (noun f.; °skarar; skarir): hair, planking

notes

[2, 3, 4] lét … skorða skǫr ‘had the hair … cut’: Cf. Note to st. 4/5, 8. Skorða is f. acc. sg. p. p. of skora, a syncopated form of the expected skoraða. The literal sense of the verb is ‘to score, cut into’, thereby suggesting that it is not after all just a haircut (for which the variant skorna, f. acc. sg. p. p. of skera ‘cut’ would be the usual word); cf. Note to st. 4/5, 8.

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Mildr ‘The gracious’

mildr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): mild, gentle, gracious, generous

kennings

Mildr faðir Magnúss
‘The gracious father of Magnús ’
   = Óláfr

The gracious father of Magnús → Óláfr
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lét ‘brought’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

[5] lét: hefir 61, Bb, Flat, Tóm

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mǫrgu ‘many’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

[5] mǫrgu: mǫrgum Bb

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valdit ‘about’

valda (verb): cause

[5] valdit: valda 325V, 325VII

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Magnúss ‘of Magnús’

2. Magnús (noun m.): Magnús

kennings

Mildr faðir Magnúss
‘The gracious father of Magnús ’
   = Óláfr

The gracious father of Magnús → Óláfr
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faðir ‘father’

faðir (noun m.): father

kennings

Mildr faðir Magnúss
‘The gracious father of Magnús ’
   = Óláfr

The gracious father of Magnús → Óláfr
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gagni ‘a victory’

1. gagn (noun n.): victory

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fremð ‘the pre-eminence’

fremð (noun f.): honour

[7] fremð: frægð 321ˣ, 73aˣ, frændr 325V, 325VII

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Ôleifs ‘of Óláfr’

Óláfr (noun m.): Óláfr

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frǫmðu ‘promoted’

fremja (verb): advance, perform

[7] frǫmðu: framði 321ˣ, 73aˣ, fundu 325VII

notes

[7] frǫmðu ‘promoted’: A past inf. within an acc. + inf. construction (kveðk) flestan sigr frǫmðu, lit. ‘(I declare) most victories to have promoted’. Past infinitives occur relatively frequently in the poem: cf. st. 12/3 gingu ‘went’, st. 13/1 vôru ‘was’ and st. 18/2 kenndu ‘taught’.

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flestan ‘that most’

fleiri (adj. comp.; °superl. flestr): more, most

notes

[8] flestan sigr ‘most victories’: Grammatically sg., ‘most victory’.

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sigr ‘victories’

sigr (noun m.; °sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar): victory

notes

[8] flestan sigr ‘most victories’: Grammatically sg., ‘most victory’.

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ins ‘inn’

2. inn (art.): the

[8] ins: hinn 73aˣ, enn Holm4

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digra ‘digri’

digr (adj.; °digran; compar. digrari, superl. digrastr): fat, large

[8] digra: digri 321ˣ, 73aˣ, Tóm

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