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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 45VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 45’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 113.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól
444546

‘of the high’

3. hár (adj.; °-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr): high < háborg (noun f.)

kennings

heitfastr jǫfurr háborgar hreggs
‘the promise-faithful prince of the high fortress of the storm ’
   = God

the high fortress of the storm → SKY/HEAVEN
the promise-faithful prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

‘of the high’

3. hár (adj.; °-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr): high < háborg (noun f.)

kennings

heitfastr jǫfurr háborgar hreggs
‘the promise-faithful prince of the high fortress of the storm ’
   = God

the high fortress of the storm → SKY/HEAVEN
the promise-faithful prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

borgar ‘fortress’

borg (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -; -ir): city, stronghold < háborg (noun f.)

kennings

heitfastr jǫfurr háborgar hreggs
‘the promise-faithful prince of the high fortress of the storm ’
   = God

the high fortress of the storm → SKY/HEAVEN
the promise-faithful prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

borgar ‘fortress’

borg (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -; -ir): city, stronghold < háborg (noun f.)

kennings

heitfastr jǫfurr háborgar hreggs
‘the promise-faithful prince of the high fortress of the storm ’
   = God

the high fortress of the storm → SKY/HEAVEN
the promise-faithful prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

hvergi ‘Nowhere’

1. hvergi (adv.): nowhere

Close

aldri ‘never’

aldri (adv.): never

Close

hreggs ‘of the storm’

hregg (noun n.): storm

kennings

heitfastr jǫfurr háborgar hreggs
‘the promise-faithful prince of the high fortress of the storm ’
   = God

the high fortress of the storm → SKY/HEAVEN
the promise-faithful prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

hreggs ‘of the storm’

hregg (noun n.): storm

kennings

heitfastr jǫfurr háborgar hreggs
‘the promise-faithful prince of the high fortress of the storm ’
   = God

the high fortress of the storm → SKY/HEAVEN
the promise-faithful prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

horskum ‘to prudent’

horskr (adj.; °compar. -ari): wise

notes

[3] horskum seggjum ‘to prudent men’: Kock (NN §§224, 1206) notes that this phrase may be construed as belonging to either cl. in the first helmingr, giving either the arrangement adopted here, or that adopted by Finnur Jónsson (Skj B): hvergi fæsk hald horskum seggjum, þats aldri bresti ‘nowhere is found help for prudent men which never fails’.

Close

seggjum ‘men’

seggr (noun m.; °; -ir): man

notes

[3] horskum seggjum ‘to prudent men’: Kock (NN §§224, 1206) notes that this phrase may be construed as belonging to either cl. in the first helmingr, giving either the arrangement adopted here, or that adopted by Finnur Jónsson (Skj B): hvergi fæsk hald horskum seggjum, þats aldri bresti ‘nowhere is found help for prudent men which never fails’.

Close

heit ‘the promise’

heit (noun n.; °; -): promise < heitfastr (adj.): pledge-firm

kennings

heitfastr jǫfurr háborgar hreggs
‘the promise-faithful prince of the high fortress of the storm ’
   = God

the high fortress of the storm → SKY/HEAVEN
the promise-faithful prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

fastr ‘faithful’

fastr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): firm, fast < heitfastr (adj.): pledge-firm

kennings

heitfastr jǫfurr háborgar hreggs
‘the promise-faithful prince of the high fortress of the storm ’
   = God

the high fortress of the storm → SKY/HEAVEN
the promise-faithful prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

jǫfurr ‘prince’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

kennings

heitfastr jǫfurr háborgar hreggs
‘the promise-faithful prince of the high fortress of the storm ’
   = God

the high fortress of the storm → SKY/HEAVEN
the promise-faithful prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

veiti ‘may grant’

2. veita (verb): grant, give

[4] veiti: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...](e)ite’(?) B

Close

Sterk ‘The mighty’

sterkr (adj.): strong

[5] Sterk lofar drótt: abbrev. as ‘Sterk lofar drott ok d.’ B

Close

lofar ‘praises’

lofa (verb): praise, permit

[5] Sterk lofar drótt: abbrev. as ‘Sterk lofar drott ok d.’ B

Close

drótt ‘host’

1. drótt (noun f.): troop

[5] Sterk lofar drótt: abbrev. as ‘Sterk lofar drott ok d.’ B

Close

dag ‘of the day’

dagr (noun m.; °-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar): day < dagstallr (noun m.): day-support

kennings

snjallan konung dagstalls;
‘the glorious king of the day-support; ’
   = God

the day-support; → SKY/HEAVEN
the glorious king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

dag ‘of the day’

dagr (noun m.; °-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar): day < dagstallr (noun m.): day-support

kennings

snjallan konung dagstalls;
‘the glorious king of the day-support; ’
   = God

the day-support; → SKY/HEAVEN
the glorious king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

stalls ‘support’

stallr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): seat, stall, support < dagstallr (noun m.): day-support

kennings

snjallan konung dagstalls;
‘the glorious king of the day-support; ’
   = God

the day-support; → SKY/HEAVEN
the glorious king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

stalls ‘support’

stallr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): seat, stall, support < dagstallr (noun m.): day-support

kennings

snjallan konung dagstalls;
‘the glorious king of the day-support; ’
   = God

the day-support; → SKY/HEAVEN
the glorious king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

konung ‘king’

konungr (noun m.; °dat. -i, -s; -ar): king

kennings

snjallan konung dagstalls;
‘the glorious king of the day-support; ’
   = God

the day-support; → SKY/HEAVEN
the glorious king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

snjallan ‘the glorious’

snjallr (adj.): quick, resourceful, bold

kennings

snjallan konung dagstalls;
‘the glorious king of the day-support; ’
   = God

the day-support; → SKY/HEAVEN
the glorious king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

himins ‘of heaven’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

fróðr fylkir himins
‘the excellent king of heaven ’
   = God

the excellent king of heaven → God
Close

fylkir ‘king’

fylkir (noun m.): leader

kennings

fróðr fylkir himins
‘the excellent king of heaven ’
   = God

the excellent king of heaven → God
Close

fróðr ‘the excellent’

fróðr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): wise

kennings

fróðr fylkir himins
‘the excellent king of heaven ’
   = God

the excellent king of heaven → God
Close

vetna ‘everything’

Close

góðu ‘that is good’

góðr (adj.): good

Close

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[5-8]: The third and final instance of stef 2.

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