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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 29I

Emily Lethbridge (ed.) 2012, ‘Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa 29’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 984.

Bjarni byskup KolbeinssonJómsvíkingadrápa
282930

hefr ‘became’

hafa (verb): have

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ǫr ‘quickly’

ǫrr (adj.): generous, brave < ǫrfengr (adj.)

notes

[2] ǫrfengr ‘quickly dominant’: LP: ǫrfengr glosses this rare cpd as rask erhværvende, som er hurtig til og rask i at erhværve (sig noget), dygtig ‘brisk in gaining, who is quick and bold in getting (oneself something), effective’, and ǫrfengr ýtum here as som vinder fordele (sejre) overfor mænd ‘who wins advantages (victories) over men’. The cpd is composed of ǫrr ‘brisk, bold’ and fengr, which is related to the p. p. of ‘to get’ and is found in compounds including harðfengr ‘valiant, tenacious, getting with force’ (with which Fms 12, 245 glosses ǫrfengr in this stanza, and see LP: harðfengr).

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fengr ‘dominant’

-fengr (adj.): [dominant] < ǫrfengr (adj.)

notes

[2] ǫrfengr ‘quickly dominant’: LP: ǫrfengr glosses this rare cpd as rask erhværvende, som er hurtig til og rask i at erhværve (sig noget), dygtig ‘brisk in gaining, who is quick and bold in getting (oneself something), effective’, and ǫrfengr ýtum here as som vinder fordele (sejre) overfor mænd ‘who wins advantages (victories) over men’. The cpd is composed of ǫrr ‘brisk, bold’ and fengr, which is related to the p. p. of ‘to get’ and is found in compounds including harðfengr ‘valiant, tenacious, getting with force’ (with which Fms 12, 245 glosses ǫrfengr in this stanza, and see LP: harðfengr).

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strangri ‘the severe’

strangr (adj.): strong

[2] strangri: strengja Bb

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frœknum ‘the daring one’

frœkn (adj.): brave, bold

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gengu ‘pressed’

2. ganga (verb; geng, gekk, gengu, genginn): walk, go

[4] gengu: í gegn Bb

notes

[4] gengu : drengir: Aðalhending in an even line is not normal in Jóms; see Note to st. 24/2.

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drengir ‘warriors’

drengr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja): man, warrior

[4] drengir: drengjum Bb

notes

[4] gengu : drengir: Aðalhending in an even line is not normal in Jóms; see Note to st. 24/2.

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þar ‘where’

þar (adv.): there

notes

[5] þar er ‘where’: The subordinate clause is here taken with drengir gengu framm ‘warriors pressed forward’. Alternatively, it could be taken with Vagn hefr orðit … ‘Vagn became …’ (ll. 1-2), in which case the clause in ll. 3-4 is intercalary and the stanza is a unified whole.

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er ‘’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

notes

[5] þar er ‘where’: The subordinate clause is here taken with drengir gengu framm ‘warriors pressed forward’. Alternatively, it could be taken with Vagn hefr orðit … ‘Vagn became …’ (ll. 1-2), in which case the clause in ll. 3-4 is intercalary and the stanza is a unified whole.

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Yggjar ‘of Yggr’

1. Yggr (noun m.): Yggr

kennings

éli Yggjar.
‘the storm of Yggr. ’
   = BATTLE

the storm of Yggr. → BATTLE
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éli ‘the storm’

él (noun n.; °; dat. -um): storm

kennings

éli Yggjar.
‘the storm of Yggr. ’
   = BATTLE

the storm of Yggr. → BATTLE
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Áka ‘of Áki’

Áki (noun m.): Áki

kennings

inn ríki sonr Áka,
‘the powerful son of Áki, ’
   = Vagn

the powerful son of Áki, → Vagn
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sonr ‘son’

sonr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni): son

kennings

inn ríki sonr Áka,
‘the powerful son of Áki, ’
   = Vagn

the powerful son of Áki, → Vagn
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inn ‘the’

2. inn (art.): the

kennings

inn ríki sonr Áka,
‘the powerful son of Áki, ’
   = Vagn

the powerful son of Áki, → Vagn
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ríki ‘powerful’

ríkr (adj.): mighty, powerful, rich

kennings

inn ríki sonr Áka,
‘the powerful son of Áki, ’
   = Vagn

the powerful son of Áki, → Vagn
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frák ‘I have heard’

1. fregna (verb): hear of

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at ‘that’

4. at (conj.): that

[7] hann at: at hann Bb

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hug ‘hearted’

hugr (noun m.): mind, thought, courage < hugprúðr (adj.): proud

notes

[8] hugprúðum Ármóði ‘the staunch-hearted Ármóðr’: This is presumably Ármóðr of Ǫnundarfjǫrðr who was said to have been positioned opposite Sigurðr kápa: see Context to st. 20, st. 21/6 and Note.

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prúðum ‘the staunch’

prúðr (adj.; °superl. -astr): magnificent, proud < hugprúðr (adj.): proud

notes

[8] hugprúðum Ármóði ‘the staunch-hearted Ármóðr’: This is presumably Ármóðr of Ǫnundarfjǫrðr who was said to have been positioned opposite Sigurðr kápa: see Context to st. 20, st. 21/6 and Note.

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Ármóði ‘Ármóðr’

Ármóðr (noun m.): Ármóðr

notes

[8] hugprúðum Ármóði ‘the staunch-hearted Ármóðr’: This is presumably Ármóðr of Ǫnundarfjǫrðr who was said to have been positioned opposite Sigurðr kápa: see Context to st. 20, st. 21/6 and Note.

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Vagn Ákason unleashes a fierce attack on the troop of Sveinn Hákonarson, who takes to flight. Eiríkr Hákonarson takes up the fight against Vagn, who retreats but nevertheless fights with great valour and kills many of Eiríkr’s men, including Ármóðr, a powerful man and a great champion.

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