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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Hsv 109VII

Tarrin Wills and Stefanie Gropper (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Hugsvinnsmál 109’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 425.

Anonymous PoemsHugsvinnsmál
108109110

láttu ‘let’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

[2] láttu: skal 624

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elsku ‘love’

1. elska (noun f.; °-u): love

[2] elsku: elska 624

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vera ‘be’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[2] vera: om. 723aˣ

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þeim ‘’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

notes

[3] þeim er aðrir eiga: This l. is unmetrical in 1199ˣ and 723aˣ. 624’s reading is metrically correct: þeim er hugdyggvir hata ‘which steadfast people hate’.

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er ‘which’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

notes

[3] þeim er aðrir eiga: This l. is unmetrical in 1199ˣ and 723aˣ. 624’s reading is metrically correct: þeim er hugdyggvir hata ‘which steadfast people hate’.

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aðrir ‘others’

1. annarr (pron.; °f. ǫnnur, n. annat; pl. aðrir): (an)other, second

[3] aðrir eiga: hugdyggvir hata 624

notes

[3] þeim er aðrir eiga: This l. is unmetrical in 1199ˣ and 723aˣ. 624’s reading is metrically correct: þeim er hugdyggvir hata ‘which steadfast people hate’.

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eiga ‘own’

2. eiga (verb; °á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt): own, have

[3] aðrir eiga: hugdyggvir hata 624

notes

[3] þeim er aðrir eiga: This l. is unmetrical in 1199ˣ and 723aˣ. 624’s reading is metrically correct: þeim er hugdyggvir hata ‘which steadfast people hate’.

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skal ‘must’

skulu (verb): shall, should, must

[5] skal: skyldi 624

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una ‘be content’

una (verb): be content, love

[6] una: so 723aˣ, 624, laun með launum taka unna 1199ˣ

notes

[6]: 1199ˣ adds a further full l. here: sínu láni | skal seggja hverr | laun með leigum taka | unna, því er elskat hefr ‘every man must take rewards with wages for his estate [and] love that which he has loved’. This neither corresponds to the Lat. nor makes much sense in itself.

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því ‘’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

notes

[6]: 1199ˣ adds a further full l. here: sínu láni | skal seggja hverr | laun með leigum taka | unna, því er elskat hefr ‘every man must take rewards with wages for his estate [and] love that which he has loved’. This neither corresponds to the Lat. nor makes much sense in itself.

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er ‘which’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

notes

[6]: 1199ˣ adds a further full l. here: sínu láni | skal seggja hverr | laun með leigum taka | unna, því er elskat hefr ‘every man must take rewards with wages for his estate [and] love that which he has loved’. This neither corresponds to the Lat. nor makes much sense in itself.

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eignaz ‘acquired’

eigna (verb; °-að-): acquire

[6] eignaz: so 723aˣ, 624, elskat 1199ˣ

notes

[6]: 1199ˣ adds a further full l. here: sínu láni | skal seggja hverr | laun með leigum taka | unna, því er elskat hefr ‘every man must take rewards with wages for his estate [and] love that which he has loved’. This neither corresponds to the Lat. nor makes much sense in itself.

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hefir ‘has’

hafa (verb): have

notes

[6]: 1199ˣ adds a further full l. here: sínu láni | skal seggja hverr | laun með leigum taka | unna, því er elskat hefr ‘every man must take rewards with wages for his estate [and] love that which he has loved’. This neither corresponds to the Lat. nor makes much sense in itself.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Possible Lat. parallels: (Dist. IV, 1) Despice divitias si vis animo esse beatus, / quas qui suspiciunt, mendicant semper avari ‘Spurn riches, if you wish to be happy in mind, for those who admire them always beg as misers’; (Dist. IV, 2) Commoda naturae nullo tibi tempore deerunt, / si contentus eo fueris, quod postulat usus ‘Necessities from nature will never be lacking to you, if you are content with what need demands’. The topic of this st. recurs throughout the poem (cf., e.g. sts 22, 44, 96); it is therefore difficult to determine the exact equivalent among the Lat. disticha. Tuvestrand has suggested that in this and the next st. the translation of several distichs has been mingled. However, in all mss this st. and the next occur consistently in order between the translation of the end of the third book of the Disticha and distich 3 of the fourth book, which suggests Dist. IV, 1-2 are translated here, thus beginning the translation of Book IV.

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