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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Brúðv 19VII

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Brúðkaupsvísur 19’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 542.

Anonymous PoemsBrúðkaupsvísur
181920

Hvess ‘What’

hvat (pron.): what

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*ier ‘do you’

ér (pron.; °gen. yðvar/yðar, dat./acc. yðr): you

[1] *ier: þier 721

notes

[1] *ier ‘you’: Jón Sigurðsson and the scribe of 2166ˣ emended to ier. Jón Helgason followed their example, emending to ér to provide the necessary alliteration.

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hefi ‘have’

hafa (verb): have

Close

gunn ‘of the battle’

gunnr (noun f.): battle < gunntjald (noun n.): battle-tent

kennings

snyrtir gunntjalds,
‘polisher of the battle-awning, ’
   = WARRIOR

the battle-awning, → SHIELD
polisher of the SHIELD → WARRIOR
Close

gunn ‘of the battle’

gunnr (noun f.): battle < gunntjald (noun n.): battle-tent

kennings

snyrtir gunntjalds,
‘polisher of the battle-awning, ’
   = WARRIOR

the battle-awning, → SHIELD
polisher of the SHIELD → WARRIOR
Close

tjalds ‘awning’

tjald (noun n.; °-s; *-): tent, awning < gunntjald (noun n.): battle-tent

kennings

snyrtir gunntjalds,
‘polisher of the battle-awning, ’
   = WARRIOR

the battle-awning, → SHIELD
polisher of the SHIELD → WARRIOR
Close

tjalds ‘awning’

tjald (noun n.; °-s; *-): tent, awning < gunntjald (noun n.): battle-tent

kennings

snyrtir gunntjalds,
‘polisher of the battle-awning, ’
   = WARRIOR

the battle-awning, → SHIELD
polisher of the SHIELD → WARRIOR
Close

snyrtir ‘polisher’

snyrtir (noun m.): polisher

kennings

snyrtir gunntjalds,
‘polisher of the battle-awning, ’
   = WARRIOR

the battle-awning, → SHIELD
polisher of the SHIELD → WARRIOR
Close

gjört ‘committed’

1. gera (verb): do, make

Close

siða ‘the faith’

siðr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -u): faith, morals

notes

[4] siða (m. gen. pl.) ‘faith’: Jón Helgason emended to sigða ‘sickles’ to get a full rhyme (aðalhending) with afbrigð. He presents it as part of a warrior-kenning, snyrtir sigða gunntjalds ‘polisher of the sickles of the awning of battle’ [SHIELD > SWORDS > WARRIOR] but the emendation is not necessary to make sense of the word in this context, although the rhyme provided makes his suggestion plausible.

Close

íðvandr ‘meticulous’

iðvandr (adj.): diligent

kennings

íðvandr hrærir skíðs lagar,
‘meticulous mover of the ski of the sea, ’
   = SEAFARER

the ski of the sea, → SHIP
meticulous mover of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

lagar ‘of the sea’

lǫgr (noun m.; °lagar, dat. legi): sea

[6] lagar: laga 721

kennings

íðvandr hrærir skíðs lagar,
‘meticulous mover of the ski of the sea, ’
   = SEAFARER

the ski of the sea, → SHIP
meticulous mover of the SHIP → SEAFARER

notes

[6] lagar (m. gen. sg. of lögr) ‘sea’: The emendation was suggested by Jón Helgason. The reading of the mss, laga (m. gen. pl.) is also possible, although gen. sg. lagar is very common in kennings (cf. LP: lǫgr); skíð laga ‘ ski of the seas’ would indicate a ship which has sailed across many a sea.

Close

lagar ‘of the sea’

lǫgr (noun m.; °lagar, dat. legi): sea

[6] lagar: laga 721

kennings

íðvandr hrærir skíðs lagar,
‘meticulous mover of the ski of the sea, ’
   = SEAFARER

the ski of the sea, → SHIP
meticulous mover of the SHIP → SEAFARER

notes

[6] lagar (m. gen. sg. of lögr) ‘sea’: The emendation was suggested by Jón Helgason. The reading of the mss, laga (m. gen. pl.) is also possible, although gen. sg. lagar is very common in kennings (cf. LP: lǫgr); skíð laga ‘ ski of the seas’ would indicate a ship which has sailed across many a sea.

Close

skíðs ‘of the ski’

skíð (noun n.; °; -): ski

kennings

íðvandr hrærir skíðs lagar,
‘meticulous mover of the ski of the sea, ’
   = SEAFARER

the ski of the sea, → SHIP
meticulous mover of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

skíðs ‘of the ski’

skíð (noun n.; °; -): ski

kennings

íðvandr hrærir skíðs lagar,
‘meticulous mover of the ski of the sea, ’
   = SEAFARER

the ski of the sea, → SHIP
meticulous mover of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

hrærir ‘mover’

hrœrir (noun m.): [mover, leader]

kennings

íðvandr hrærir skíðs lagar,
‘meticulous mover of the ski of the sea, ’
   = SEAFARER

the ski of the sea, → SHIP
meticulous mover of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

‘to’

5. at (nota): to (with infinitive)

notes

[8] halda ‘keep’: All mss have the particle at before the inf. verb, but this has to be omitted for metrical reasons. Jón Helgason also omitted it.

Close

halda ‘keep on’

halda (verb): hold, keep

notes

[8] halda ‘keep’: All mss have the particle at before the inf. verb, but this has to be omitted for metrical reasons. Jón Helgason also omitted it.

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