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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv I 21VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríuvísur I 21’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 693-4.

Anonymous PoemsMáríuvísur I
202122

fyldiz ‘filled’

fylla (verb): fill

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fljótt ‘quickly’

2. fljótr (adj.): quick

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hafa ‘have’

hafa (verb): have

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ýtar ‘The impellers’

ýtr (noun m.): man; launcher

kennings

‘Ýtar rítar
‘‘The impellers of the shield ’
   = WARRIORS

‘The impellers of the shield → WARRIORS

notes

[5, 6] ýtar rítar ‘the impellers of the shield [WARRIORS]’: ‘rítri’ (so 721) is not an ON word. The form has been emended to rítar (f. gen. sg.) ‘of the shield’ to provide a determinant for ýtar ‘impellers, pushers’ in keeping with other eds. For rítar ‘of the shield’ as a determinant in a kenning for ‘man’, see Mv III 4/1. Otherwise, ýtar in itself can mean ‘men’ in general.

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oflítið ‘too little’

oflítill (adj.): [too little]

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gjört ‘prepared’

1. gera (verb): do, make

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rítar ‘of the shield’

rít (noun f.): shield

[6] rítar: rítri 721

kennings

‘Ýtar rítar
‘‘The impellers of the shield ’
   = WARRIORS

‘The impellers of the shield → WARRIORS

notes

[5, 6] ýtar rítar ‘the impellers of the shield [WARRIORS]’: ‘rítri’ (so 721) is not an ON word. The form has been emended to rítar (f. gen. sg.) ‘of the shield’ to provide a determinant for ýtar ‘impellers, pushers’ in keeping with other eds. For rítar ‘of the shield’ as a determinant in a kenning for ‘man’, see Mv III 4/1. Otherwise, ýtar in itself can mean ‘men’ in general.

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hefir ‘has’

hafa (verb): have

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in ‘the’

2. inn (art.): the

kennings

in mjóva mengrund
‘the slender necklace-ground ’
   = WOMAN

the slender necklace-ground → WOMAN
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mjóva ‘slender’

mjór (adj.; °mjóvan; comp. mjór(r)i/mjár(r)i, superl. -str/mjóvastr): slender

kennings

in mjóva mengrund
‘the slender necklace-ground ’
   = WOMAN

the slender necklace-ground → WOMAN
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men ‘necklace’

2. men (noun n.; °; dat. menjum): neck-ring < mengrund (noun f.)

kennings

in mjóva mengrund
‘the slender necklace-ground ’
   = WOMAN

the slender necklace-ground → WOMAN

notes

[8] mengrund ‘necklace-ground [WOMAN]’: No nasal stroke is visible over the <v> in 721. Note that the internal rhyme is imperfect (-und : -unn-), which could indicate an approximation in the pronunciation of the two consonant clusters (see NN §2764).

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grund ‘ground’

grund (noun f.): earth, land < mengrund (noun f.)

[8] ‑grund: ‘grvd’ 721

kennings

in mjóva mengrund
‘the slender necklace-ground ’
   = WOMAN

the slender necklace-ground → WOMAN
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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The corresponding passages in Mar (1871, 278, 1203) read as follows: heldr segia þeir sva litit elldzneytið orðit hafa, at konan møtti eigi brenna ‘rather, they say that the firewood had been so scant that the woman could not burn’; helldr segia þeir, at elldrinn var oflitill ‘rather, they say that the fire was far too small’. See also Schottmann (1973, 363).

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