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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Magnfl 16II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Magnússflokkr 16’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 83-4.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonMagnússflokkr
151617

Rǫnn ‘buildings’

rann (noun n.): house, hall

[1] Rǫnn: so E, J2ˣ, Rǫnd Kˣ, 39, F, H, Hr

notes

[1] rǫnn ‘buildings’: (a) This reading matches ‘homesteads’ and hús ‘houses, buildings’ and allows the syntax of the helmingr to fall quite readily into place. It, and the arrangement set out above, is adopted in all the eds listed above (with Kock offering parallels in NN §853) except those by Finnur Jónsson in Hkr 1893-1901 and Skj B. (b) However, rǫnd ‘shield’ enjoys equally strong, if not stronger, ms. support, and Finnur retains this, taking it as the object of þorðir meiða ‘you dared to harm’ (l. 2) (and Fms naturally retains rǫnd since its text is based on H, Hr). The price is separating ‘homesteads’ in l. 2 from þorðir meiða, the verb phrase that surrounds it, and taking together lézt reiðr bú hyrfeld ‘you, angry, made homesteads fire-razed’, all widely spaced in the text.

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lézt ‘You made’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

[1] lézt (‘leztu’): ‘læz þu’ 39, ‘læztv’ F, lét Hr

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ræsir ‘ruler’

ræsir (noun m.): ruler

kennings

ræsir Þrœnda;
‘ruler of the Þrœndir; ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

ruler of the Þrœndir; → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
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Þrœnda ‘of the Þrœndir’

Þrœndr (noun m.; °; þrǿndir/þrǿndr): people from Tröndelag

kennings

ræsir Þrœnda;
‘ruler of the Þrœndir; ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

ruler of the Þrœndir; → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
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þorðir ‘you dared’

þora (verb): dare

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‘homesteads’

1. bú (noun n.; °-s, dat. -i/-(Landsl 39ˆ, DN III (1367) 279¹‡, DN XII (*1348›AM 902 a) 73³⁰); -): homestead

[2] bú: bý 39, bæ E, J2ˣ, ‘(bv)’ or ‘(þv)’ (?) H, ‘þæ’ Hr

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meiða ‘to damage’

meiða (verb): maim, wound

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namt ‘you proceeded’

1. nema (verb): to take

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ok ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

[3] ok: at Hr

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hyr ‘fire’

hyrr (noun m.): fire < hyrfeldr (adj.)

notes

[4] hyrfeld ‘fire-razed’: This must join rǫnn lézt ‘you made, caused (to be)’ in l. 1 to form ‘you made buildings fire-razed’. The adj. can hardly belong with the couplet in which it is embedded, since giving ‘fire-razed houses’ to the fire would be illogical.

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feld ‘razed’

3. fella (verb): fell, kill < hyrfeldr (adj.)

notes

[4] hyrfeld ‘fire-razed’: This must join rǫnn lézt ‘you made, caused (to be)’ in l. 1 to form ‘you made buildings fire-razed’. The adj. can hardly belong with the couplet in which it is embedded, since giving ‘fire-razed houses’ to the fire would be illogical.

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gefa ‘to give’

gefa (verb): give

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Grôu ‘grimly’

grár (adj.; °gráan/grán): grey

[5] Grôu (‘gra’): ‘[…]ra’ 39, gjǫrr H, Hr

notes

[5] grôu ‘grimly’: Lit. ‘with grey’. The variant reading g(j)ǫrr (so H, Hr) could be either the adj. ‘made, prepared’ or the adv. ‘more completely’.

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vildir ‘wanted’

vilja (verb): want, intend

[5] vildir: ‘[…]illdir’ 39

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gjalda ‘to pay back’

1. gjalda (verb): pay, repay

[5] gjalda: ‘g[…]udn’(?) Hr

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gœðinga ‘of nobles’

gœðingr (noun m.): chieftain

[6] gœðinga vinr skœðar: greiðlendinga skeiðum H, Hr

kennings

Vinr gœðinga,
‘Friend of nobles, ’
   = RULER

Friend of nobles, → RULER
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vinr ‘Friend’

vinr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir): friend

[6] gœðinga vinr skœðar: greiðlendinga skeiðum H, Hr;    vinr: so E, J2ˣ, vin Kˣ, 39, F

kennings

Vinr gœðinga,
‘Friend of nobles, ’
   = RULER

Friend of nobles, → RULER
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skœðar ‘for their noxious’

skœðr (adj.): dangerous

[6] gœðinga vinr skœðar: greiðlendinga skeiðum H, Hr;    skœðar: ‘skioðar’ J2ˣ

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ǫrt ‘rapidly’

ǫrr (adj.): generous, brave

[7] ǫrt (‘ꜹrt’): austr H, Hr

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renndu ‘ran’

2. renna (verb): run (strong)

[7] renndu: ‘[…]’ 39, ‘rænðo’ F

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undan ‘away’

undan (adv.): away, away from

[7] undan: unda Hr

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jarls ‘of the jarl’

jarl (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): poet, earl

[8] jarls: ‘.J.’ 39, jarl F, jarl ok or of Hr

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fylgjurum ‘the followers’

1. fylgja (noun f.): follower; fetch

[8] fylgjurum: ‘fylgerum’ J2ˣ, fylgara H, ‘fylg[…]’ Hr

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dylgjur ‘hostilities’

dylgja (noun f.; °; -ur): hostility

[8] dylgjur: ‘dylgat’ H, dylgju Hr

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