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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hákkv 23II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 23’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 716-17.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHákonarkviða
222324

En ‘And’

2. en (conj.): but, and

[1] En: Nú F

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nafn ‘renowned’

nafn (noun n.; °-s; *-): name < nafnfrægr (adj.): [renowned]

[1] nafn‑: so 8, Flat, mun E, man F, 42ˣ, 81a

notes

[1] nafnfrægt (n. nom. sg.) ‘renowned’: Only 8 and Flat contain the first element of this cpd (the other mss have a form of munu ‘may, will be’), but nafn- is needed to provide alliteration. Nafnfrægr (m. nom. sg.) ‘renowned’ in Flat qualifies hertogi ‘duke’ (l. 8; so Skj B and Skald), but this looks like a lectio facilior in view of the readings of 8 and the other mss.

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frægt ‘’

frægr (adj.; °-jan/-an; compar. -ri, superl. -jastr/-astr/-str): famous, renowned < nafnfrægr (adj.): [renowned]

[1] ‑frægt: ‑frægr Flat

notes

[1] nafnfrægt (n. nom. sg.) ‘renowned’: Only 8 and Flat contain the first element of this cpd (the other mss have a form of munu ‘may, will be’), but nafn- is needed to provide alliteration. Nafnfrægr (m. nom. sg.) ‘renowned’ in Flat qualifies hertogi ‘duke’ (l. 8; so Skj B and Skald), but this looks like a lectio facilior in view of the readings of 8 and the other mss.

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nøkkvi ‘a little’

2. nǫkkvi (adv.): somewhat, a little

[2] nøkkvi: nokkru 42ˣ

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síðar ‘later’

síðarr (adv.): later

[2] síðar: síðan Flat

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í ‘on’

í (prep.): in, into

[3] í náreið: mar reið or maðr reið 42ˣ, inn á reið Flat

notes

[3] í náreið ‘on the bier’: Lit. ‘on the corpse-waggon’. Hap. leg.

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náreið ‘the bier’

náreið (noun f.): [bier]

[3] í náreið: mar reið or maðr reið 42ˣ, inn á reið Flat

notes

[3] í náreið ‘on the bier’: Lit. ‘on the corpse-waggon’. Hap. leg.

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á ‘on’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[4] á Niðarbakka ‘on the banks of Nidelven’: River running through the city of Trondheim. Elgeseter monastery, which was burned to the ground in this fire, was located on the eastern bank of the river. The l. echoes Anon Nkt 48/4.

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Niðarbakka ‘the banks of Nidelven’

Niðarbakki (noun m.): [banks of Nidelven]

notes

[4] á Niðarbakka ‘on the banks of Nidelven’: River running through the city of Trondheim. Elgeseter monastery, which was burned to the ground in this fire, was located on the eastern bank of the river. The l. echoes Anon Nkt 48/4.

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við ‘because of’

vér (pron.; °gen. vár, dat./acc. oss): we, us, our

[5] við leygför: so 8, ‘læg færr’ E, ‘við legg fíor’ F, ‘við leggfor’ 42ˣ, ‘vid lægfor’ 81a, ‘vid laugfaur’ Flat

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leygför ‘the raging of fire’

leygfǫr (noun f.): [raging of fire]

[5] við leygför: so 8, ‘læg færr’ E, ‘við legg fíor’ F, ‘við leggfor’ 42ˣ, ‘vid lægfor’ 81a, ‘vid laugfaur’ Flat

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leggja ‘placed’

leggja (verb): put, lay

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líf ‘ body’

líf (noun n.; °-s; -): life < rausnarlíf (noun n.)

[7] ‑líf: ‘líd’ Flat

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hertogi ‘duke’

hertogi (noun m.): duke

notes

[8] hertogi ‘duke’: Skúli was the first Norw. nobleman to bear this title, which was bestowed on him by Hákon in 1237. See also Note to Ólhv Hryn 5/8.

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By 24 May 1240, Skúli had been defeated. He took refuge in the monastery of Elgeseter, Trondheim. The Birkibeinar set fire to the monastery, and Skúli and his men went outside, where he and most of those with him were killed.

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