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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Mark Eirdr 11II

Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 11’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 442-3.

Markús SkeggjasonEiríksdrápa
101112

útan ‘from abroad’

útan (prep.): outside, without

[1] útan: útan at 180b

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fœra ‘to bring back’

2. fœra (verb): bring

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erkistól ‘an archbishopric’

erkistóll (noun m.; °·stóls, dat. ·stóli/stól; ·stólar): archbishopric

notes

[2] erkistól ‘an archbishopric’: An archbishopric for the Scandinavian countries was established in Lund (now in Sweden, then a part of Denmark) in 1104. Although Knýtl attributes this to Eiríkr’s relations with Pope Paschalis (1099-1118), in fact it was his relations with Pope Urban II (1088-99) that secured among other favours a Dan. archbishopric. Paschalis was merely carrying out the wishes of his predecessor. According to Saxo (2005, II, 12, 5, 2, pp. 72-5), Eiríkr secured the promises of the curia to establish the archbishopric in Denmark before he returned to his native country.

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of ‘over’

3. of (prep.): around, from; too

notes

[2] of merki Saxa ‘over the border of the Saxons’: Refers to the transfer of the seat of ecclesiastical power from Hamburg-Bremen (Saxony) to Denmark. In the words of Saxo (2005, II, 12, 5, 2, p. 72): tum etiam patriam ac domestica sacra Saxonica pręlatione liberari petiuit ‘then indeed he pleaded for his native land and local churches to be liberated from Saxon supremacy’.

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Saxa ‘of the Saxons’

1. Saxi (noun m.; °; -ar): Saxon

notes

[2] of merki Saxa ‘over the border of the Saxons’: Refers to the transfer of the seat of ecclesiastical power from Hamburg-Bremen (Saxony) to Denmark. In the words of Saxo (2005, II, 12, 5, 2, p. 72): tum etiam patriam ac domestica sacra Saxonica pręlatione liberari petiuit ‘then indeed he pleaded for his native land and local churches to be liberated from Saxon supremacy’.

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merki ‘the border’

1. merki (noun n.; °-s: -): banner, sign

notes

[2] of merki Saxa ‘over the border of the Saxons’: Refers to the transfer of the seat of ecclesiastical power from Hamburg-Bremen (Saxony) to Denmark. In the words of Saxo (2005, II, 12, 5, 2, p. 72): tum etiam patriam ac domestica sacra Saxonica pręlatione liberari petiuit ‘then indeed he pleaded for his native land and local churches to be liberated from Saxon supremacy’.

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hljótum ‘receive’

hljóta (verb): alot, gain

[3] hljótum: so 180b, hljótu JÓ, 873ˣ, 20b I

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þats ‘that which’

þats (conj.): that, which

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norðr ‘in the north’

2. norðr (adv.): north

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at ‘according’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[4] at: so 20b I, 180b, af JÓ, 873ˣ

notes

[4] at orðum skjǫldungs ‘according to the king’s bidding’: Lit. ‘according to the king’s words’. For skjǫldungr, see Note to st. 9/4 above.

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skjǫldungs ‘to the king’s’

skjǫldungr (noun m.): king

notes

[4] at orðum skjǫldungs ‘according to the king’s bidding’: Lit. ‘according to the king’s words’. For skjǫldungr, see Note to st. 9/4 above.

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orðum ‘bidding’

orð (noun n.; °-s; -): word

notes

[4] at orðum skjǫldungs ‘according to the king’s bidding’: Lit. ‘according to the king’s words’. For skjǫldungr, see Note to st. 9/4 above.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

This helmingr and the next document Eiríkr’s good relations with Pope Paschalis (but see the Note to l. 2 below) and the Pope granting Eiríkr’s request to establish an archbishopric in Denmark.

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