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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 44VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 44’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 614.

Anonymous PoemsLilja
434445

Sonr ‘Son’

sonr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni): son

kennings

Sonr Máríu,
‘Son of Mary, ’
   = Christ

Son of Mary, → Christ
Close

Máríu ‘of Mary’

María (noun f.): Mary

[1] Máríu: ‘[...]’ 713, Marie Vb

kennings

Sonr Máríu,
‘Son of Mary, ’
   = Christ

Son of Mary, → Christ
Close

sonr ‘son’

sonr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni): son

[2] sonr: so all others, son Bb

kennings

menniligr sonr guðs og hennar,
‘human son of God and her, ’
   = Christ

human son of God and her, → Christ
Close

meligr ‘’

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menniligr ‘human’

menniligr (adj.): [human]

[2] menniligr: so 99a, minniligr Bb, eingetinn 622, inniligr 713, 705ˣ, meligr 4892

kennings

menniligr sonr guðs og hennar,
‘human son of God and her, ’
   = Christ

human son of God and her, → Christ

notes

[2] menniligr ‘human’: The 99a reading must be the correct one: it is necessary for the rhyme with hennar (JH).

Close

guðs ‘of God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

kennings

menniligr sonr guðs og hennar,
‘human son of God and her, ’
   = Christ

human son of God and her, → Christ
Close

og ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

kennings

menniligr sonr guðs og hennar,
‘human son of God and her, ’
   = Christ

human son of God and her, → Christ
Close

hennar ‘her’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

kennings

menniligr sonr guðs og hennar,
‘human son of God and her, ’
   = Christ

human son of God and her, → Christ
Close

kenndu ‘teach’

kenna (verb): know, teach

notes

[3] kenndu ‘teach [you]’: This form of the verb is necessary for the rhyme (kennd- / fjannd-) (JH).

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fjöl ‘’

2. fjǫl (noun n.): very < fjǫlkunnigr (adj.): knowledgeable in magic

[4] fjölkunnigan: ‘en þer [...]’ 713, fjölkunnugan Vb

Close

kunnigan ‘the clever’

kunnigr (adj.; °acc. kunngan/kunnigan; compar. -ari; superl. -astr): known < fjǫlkunnigr (adj.): knowledgeable in magic

[4] fjölkunnigan: ‘en þer [...]’ 713, fjölkunnugan Vb

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Sie ‘Let there be’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Se þer dyrd:·’ Bb, ‘Sie þier dyrd:’ 99a, 622, ‘Se þier dyrd m. s. p. s. h.’ 713, ‘sie þier dyrd med sannri prydi og sunginn heidur’ 705ˣ

Close

þier ‘to you’

þú (pron.; °gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik): you

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Se þer dyrd:·’ Bb, ‘Sie þier dyrd:’ 99a, 622, ‘Se þier dyrd m. s. p. s. h.’ 713, ‘sie þier dyrd med sannri prydi og sunginn heidur’ 705ˣ

Close

dýrð ‘glory’

dýrð (noun f.; °-ar/-a(NoDipl(1279) 44²ˆ); -ir): glory

[5-8] abbrev. as ‘Se þer dyrd:·’ Bb, ‘Sie þier dyrd:’ 99a, 622, ‘Se þier dyrd m. s. p. s. h.’ 713, ‘sie þier dyrd med sannri prydi og sunginn heidur’ 705ˣ

Close

með ‘with’

með (prep.): with

[5] með: ‘me’ Vb

Close

sunginn ‘sung’

syngja (verb): sing

Close

öllum ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

Close

ílífliga ‘’

Close

eilífliga ‘eternally’

eilífliga (adv.): eternally

[7] eilífliga: so Vb, 41 8°ˣ, ílífliga 4892

Close

sigri ‘victory’

sigr (noun m.; °sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar): victory

[7] sigri: sigur Vb, 41 8°ˣ

Close

minkaz ‘be diminished’

minnka (verb): diminish, decrease

[8] minkaz: minkiz Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892

Close

aldri ‘never’

aldri (adv.): never

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The order of sts 45 and 46 is reversed in 713 and 4892. — [5-8]: The fourth instance of the refrain, introduced for the first time at st. 26 and repeated at sts 32 and 38.

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