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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 15I

Emily Lethbridge (ed.) 2012, ‘Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa 15’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 972.

Bjarni byskup KolbeinssonJómsvíkingadrápa
141516

drepr ‘kills’

drepa (verb; °drepr; drap, drápu; drepinn): kill, strike

notes

[1] drepr ‘kills’: Although the pain the woman inflicts on the poet is abstract, the choice of verb points a parallel with the physical death and destruction waged by the Jómsvíkingar.

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allri ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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ótrauðr ‘the not-unwilling’

ótrauðr (adj.): not reluctant

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ýta ‘to be launched’

ýta (verb): launch

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ítr ‘noble’

ítr (adj.): glorious < ítrmaðr (noun m.): nobleman

notes

[4] kona ítrmanns ‘nobleman’s wife’: The marital status of the longed-for woman is not disclosed until this point; she is also of good descent (ll. 5, 8). Passionate admiration or love for an unobtainable woman is one of the staple themes of medieval French troubadour poetry (and romance more generally) and it is found in Old Norse poetry and prose from at least the C12th, though scholars have held differing opinions as to whether the love-theme in Old Norse owes its existence to direct influence from troubadour poetry (Andersson 1969; Bjarni Einarsson 1971; Finlay 1995).

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manns ‘man’s’

maðr (noun m.): man, person < ítrmaðr (noun m.): nobleman

notes

[4] kona ítrmanns ‘nobleman’s wife’: The marital status of the longed-for woman is not disclosed until this point; she is also of good descent (ll. 5, 8). Passionate admiration or love for an unobtainable woman is one of the staple themes of medieval French troubadour poetry (and romance more generally) and it is found in Old Norse poetry and prose from at least the C12th, though scholars have held differing opinions as to whether the love-theme in Old Norse owes its existence to direct influence from troubadour poetry (Andersson 1969; Bjarni Einarsson 1971; Finlay 1995).

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kona ‘wife’

kona (noun f.; °-u; -ur/-r(KlmA1980 116¹¹), gen. pl. kvenna/kvinna): woman

notes

[4] kona ítrmanns ‘nobleman’s wife’: The marital status of the longed-for woman is not disclosed until this point; she is also of good descent (ll. 5, 8). Passionate admiration or love for an unobtainable woman is one of the staple themes of medieval French troubadour poetry (and romance more generally) and it is found in Old Norse poetry and prose from at least the C12th, though scholars have held differing opinions as to whether the love-theme in Old Norse owes its existence to direct influence from troubadour poetry (Andersson 1969; Bjarni Einarsson 1971; Finlay 1995).

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Góð ‘The good’

góðr (adj.): good

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darra ‘of spears’

darr (noun n.; °; *-um): spear

kennings

gný darra,
‘the din of spears, ’
   = BATTLE

the din of spears, → BATTLE
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gný ‘the din’

gnýr (noun m.): din, tumult

kennings

gný darra,
‘the din of spears, ’
   = BATTLE

the din of spears, → BATTLE
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gerva ‘how to make’

1. gera (verb): do, make

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gœðings ‘of a chieftain’

gœðingr (noun m.): chieftain

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This is the first appearance of the drápa’s stef; see Introduction.

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