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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Brúðv 18VII

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Brúðkaupsvísur 18’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 541-2.

Anonymous PoemsBrúðkaupsvísur
171819

veld ‘cause’

valda (verb): cause

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eigi ‘do not’

3. eigi (adv.): not

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heldr ‘either’

heldr (adv.): rather

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eyðaz ‘will come to nothing’

2. eyða (verb; °-dd-): destroy

[3] eyðaz: eyðar 721

notes

[3] eyðaz ‘destroy’: The emendation was suggested by Jón Helgason. Jón Sigurðsson suggested the reading eiðar in the margin in 399a-bˣ, which the scribe of 2166ˣ adopted in the main text, giving the original reading eyðar in the margin.

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svá ‘like that’

svá (adv.): so, thus

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loks ‘in the end’

loks (adv.): finally

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auð ‘gold’

1. auðr (noun m.; °-s/-ar, dat. -i/-): wealth < Auðrán (noun f.)

kennings

auð-Rán
‘gold-Rán ’
   = WOMAN

gold-Rán → WOMAN

notes

[5] auð Rán ‘gold-Rán’: This is a typical woman-kenning, here referring to Mary (if the first interpretation option is chosen).

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Rán ‘Rán’

Rán (noun f.): Rán < Auðrán (noun f.)

kennings

auð-Rán
‘gold-Rán ’
   = WOMAN

gold-Rán → WOMAN

notes

[5] auð Rán ‘gold-Rán’: This is a typical woman-kenning, here referring to Mary (if the first interpretation option is chosen).

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hristir ‘shaker’

hristir (noun m.): shaker

kennings

hristir hnossa,
‘shaker of treasures, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

shaker of treasures, → GENEROUS MAN
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hafið ‘you have’

hafa (verb): have

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hnossa ‘of treasures’

1. hnoss (noun f.; °; -ir): treasure

kennings

hristir hnossa,
‘shaker of treasures, ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

shaker of treasures, → GENEROUS MAN
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munið ‘remember’

1. muna (verb): remember

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

This st. is a little difficult to understand, although the general thrust of it is clear: Mary is telling the young man to choose her over his human betrothed, if he wants to continue their relationship. Presumably, vingun ‘friendship’ (l. 1) refers to the friendship between the young man and Mary, not to his relationship with his human fiancée. — [5-8]: It is possible to intepret this helmingr in two different ways, the first way as presented in the translation above, and the second as here: ‘nema látir eina aðra auð-Rán, þás nú hafit fest, hristir hnossa, en í stað munit oss’ ‘“unless you leave alone another gold-Rán <goddess> [WOMAN], to whom you have betrothed yourself, shaker of treasures [MAN], and instead remember us [me]”’.

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