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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv Vestv 1I

Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Vestrfararvísur 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 617.

Sigvatr ÞórðarsonVestrfararvísur
12

Bergr ‘Bergr’

2. Bergr (noun m.): Bergr

notes

[1] Bergr: This, and the prose context, is the sole mention of this man, though see Note to st. 6/4, 6.

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hǫfum ‘we have’

hafa (verb): have

[1] hǫfum: hefir Flat

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hu ‘’

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hvé ‘how’

hvé (conj.): how

[1] hvé: ‘hu’ 325V

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margan ‘many’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

[1] margan: marga 61, margar Flat

notes

[1-2] margan morgun ‘many a morning’: Skj B (followed by ÍF 27 and Jón Skaptason 1983) links this adverbial phrase with the verb hǫfum minnzk ‘we have remembered’, which leaves the conj. hvé ‘how’ separated from the clause it introduces.

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morgun ‘a morning’

morginn (noun m.; °morgins, dat. morgni; morgnar): morning

[2] morgun: morgin 972ˣ, 321ˣ, 73aˣ, Holm4, 325V, Tóm

notes

[1-2] margan morgun ‘many a morning’: Skj B (followed by ÍF 27 and Jón Skaptason 1983) links this adverbial phrase with the verb hǫfum minnzk ‘we have remembered’, which leaves the conj. hvé ‘how’ separated from the clause it introduces.

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Rodar ‘’

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Rúðu ‘of Rouen’s’

Rúða (noun f.): [Rouen]

[2] Rúðu: rauðu 325V, ‘Rodar’ Tóm

notes

[2] borgar Rúðu ‘of Rouen’s fortifications’: The names of certain foreign towns were Scandinavianised in ON by using the element borg ‘fortifications, fortified place’ (e.g. Akrsborg for Acre in ESk Sigdr I 3/8II, Þsvart Lv 1/8II, Oddi Lv 4/8II, -borg rhyming with morgin in the first two), and it is possible that Rúðuborg should be regarded as a cpd p. n. However, borg may also have specific reference to the fortifications, as suggested here, with borgar qualifying inn vestra arm ‘the western arm or rampart’ (so also NN §630, ÍF 27 and Jón Skaptason 1983, and compare Bǫlv Hardr 2/8II and Anon (HSig) 2/8II, in each of which armr ‘rampart’ is qualified by borgar). Skj B takes borgar instead as the gen. object of minnzk ‘remembered’. On the possible historical and archaeological context of this reference, see Jesch (2004a, 264-5).

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borgar ‘fortifications’

borg (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -; -ir): city, stronghold

notes

[2] borgar Rúðu ‘of Rouen’s fortifications’: The names of certain foreign towns were Scandinavianised in ON by using the element borg ‘fortifications, fortified place’ (e.g. Akrsborg for Acre in ESk Sigdr I 3/8II, Þsvart Lv 1/8II, Oddi Lv 4/8II, -borg rhyming with morgin in the first two), and it is possible that Rúðuborg should be regarded as a cpd p. n. However, borg may also have specific reference to the fortifications, as suggested here, with borgar qualifying inn vestra arm ‘the western arm or rampart’ (so also NN §630, ÍF 27 and Jón Skaptason 1983, and compare Bǫlv Hardr 2/8II and Anon (HSig) 2/8II, in each of which armr ‘rampart’ is qualified by borgar). Skj B takes borgar instead as the gen. object of minnzk ‘remembered’. On the possible historical and archaeological context of this reference, see Jesch (2004a, 264-5).

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bǫrð ‘the stem’

barð (noun n.): prow, stern (of a ship)

[3] bǫrð: borð 73aˣ, 325V, Bb, Flat, Tóm, om. 61

notes

[3] bǫrð ‘the stem’: Bǫrð, the pl. of n. barð, is chosen not only as the reading of the main ms., but also because it refers specifically to the stem of a ship, often the fore-stem or the prow, and so is particularly appropriate in a context which concerns tying up at a landing-place (Jesch 2001a, 148-50). The pl. bǫrð here may designate a single prow, perhaps because barð designated a feature on both sides of the prow, hence the prow itself (see LP: barð 3). Alternatively, it could refer to both stems, and the ship could be tied up at both ends. The common variant reading borð ‘plank(s)’, as a pars pro toto for ‘ship’, is also possible.

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létk ‘I caused’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

[3] létk (‘let ec’): lét 321ˣ, 73aˣ, leit ek Tóm

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í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

[3] í fǫr fyrða: í fǫr í fyrða 61, ‘ifavrða’ 325V, í fǫr jǫfra ferða Tóm

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fǫr ‘the company’

fǫr (noun f.): journey, fate; movement

[3] í fǫr fyrða: í fǫr í fyrða 61, ‘ifavrða’ 325V, í fǫr jǫfra ferða Tóm

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ifavrða ‘’

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fyrða ‘of men’

2. fyrðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -): man

[3] í fǫr fyrða: í fǫr í fyrða 61, ‘ifavrða’ 325V, í fǫr jǫfra ferða Tóm

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fest ‘to be moored’

2. festa (verb): fasten, betrothe, promise

[4] fest: flest Flat, fýst Tóm

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við ‘to’

2. við (prep.): with, against

[4] við: í Flat

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vestra ‘western’

2. vestr (adv.): west, in the west

[4] vestra: fyrsta Tóm

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Sigvatr and his companion Bergr travel to England from Rúða (Rouen), where they have been on a trading voyage.

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