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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv ErfÓl 25I

Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Erfidrápa Óláfs helga 25’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 695.

Sigvatr ÞórðarsonErfidrápa Óláfs helga
242526

Ôleifs ‘of Óláfr’

Óláfr (noun m.): Óláfr

[1] Ôleifs: ‘ol[…]s’ 325VI

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messu ‘the feast day’

1. messa (noun f.; °-u; -ur): mass

notes

[1] messu ‘the feast day’: Messa is an adoption from Lat. missa ‘mass, Eucharist’. As in ESk Geisl 35/3VII, this most likely refers to the requirements for lay observance of a saint’s feast day, rather than implying that mass was actually celebrated in Sigvatr’s house. The meaning ‘mass’ is attested in Christian poetry of the C12th, e.g., Anon Heil 12/2VII.

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fagna ‘to welcome’

fagna (verb; °-að-): welcome, rejoice

[2] fagna: fagnar 61

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meinalaust ‘sinlessly’

meinalauss (adj.): [sinlessly]

[3] meinalaust: meinalaus Bb

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mínu ‘my’

minn (pron.; °f. mín, n. mitt): my

[3] mínu: ‘m̄m’ 61, mínum Bb, Flat, Tóm

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Magnúss ‘of Magnús’

2. Magnús (noun m.): Magnús

[4] Magnúss: ‘magus’ 73aˣ

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fǫður ‘the father’

faðir (noun m.): father

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húsi ‘house’

hús (noun n.; °-s; -): house

[4] húsi: harmi 61, Flat, Tóm

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Skyldr ‘required’

2. skyldr (adj.): obliged

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skilfings ‘of the king’

skilfingr (noun m.): lord, king

[5] skilfings: siklings Bb, ‘skíflíngr’ Tóm

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halda ‘to keep’

halda (verb): hold, keep

[5] halda: alda Holm2, aldar Holm4, 61

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skoll ‘guile’

skǫll (noun f.): [guile] < skolllauss (adj.)

[6] skoll‑: skuld E, 325VI, 325VII, ‘skul‑’ J2ˣ, Holm2

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bjó ‘fitted’

2. búa (verb; °býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)): prepare, ready, live

[6] bjó: so all others, hjó Kˣ

notes

[6] bjó ‘fitted’: Hjó ‘cut, hacked’ is clearly an error in . This is confirmed by the fact that papp18ˣ, another transcript of K, has bjó.

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helgi ‘the holy day’

helgi (noun f.; °-): holy

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handar ‘of the arm’

hǫnd (noun f.; °handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)): hand

[7] handar: handa 39, E, J2ˣ, Holm2, 325VI, 321ˣ, Holm4, 325V, 325VII, Bb

notes

[7] tjǫlgur handar ‘branches of the arm’: Hǫnd can mean ‘hand’ or ‘arm’ (LP, Fritzner: hǫnd). (a) As arm-rings were more common (and more valuable) as gifts than finger-rings, this is interpreted here as an explained metaphor meaning ‘arms’ (cf. LP: tjalga, as an alternative). Tjǫlgur ‘branches’ (in the form tjálgur) occurs in stanzas attributed to the legendary Starkaðr, apparently denoting his abnormally long arms (StarkSt Vík 5/2VIII (Gautr 13) and Note, StarkSt Vík 33/5VIII (Gautr 41)). (b) The phrase could alternatively be a kenning meaning ‘branches of the arm [FINGERS]’ (so Meissner 140), though the only other example of this kenning pattern, in Grett Lv 33/3V (Gr 65), is similarly ambiguous (cf. also Guðrún Nordal 2001, 305-6, 387).

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tjǫlgur ‘branches’

tjalga (noun f.): branch

[7] tjǫlgur: ‘tialgr’ 321ˣ, talga 61, ‘talgar’ Tóm

notes

[7] tjǫlgur handar ‘branches of the arm’: Hǫnd can mean ‘hand’ or ‘arm’ (LP, Fritzner: hǫnd). (a) As arm-rings were more common (and more valuable) as gifts than finger-rings, this is interpreted here as an explained metaphor meaning ‘arms’ (cf. LP: tjalga, as an alternative). Tjǫlgur ‘branches’ (in the form tjálgur) occurs in stanzas attributed to the legendary Starkaðr, apparently denoting his abnormally long arms (StarkSt Vík 5/2VIII (Gautr 13) and Note, StarkSt Vík 33/5VIII (Gautr 41)). (b) The phrase could alternatively be a kenning meaning ‘branches of the arm [FINGERS]’ (so Meissner 140), though the only other example of this kenning pattern, in Grett Lv 33/3V (Gr 65), is similarly ambiguous (cf. also Guðrún Nordal 2001, 305-6, 387).

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dauða ‘death’

dauði (noun m.; °-a; -ar): death < harmdauða (adj.)

[8] ‑dauða: ‑dauði 73aˣ, 61, ‑dauðan 325VII

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rauðu ‘with red’

rauðr (adj.; °compar. -ari): red

[8] rauðu: rauða 73aˣ, rauðan 61, rauðum Bb

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ÓH-Hkr relate that Óláfr’s feast day is established in Norwegian law and is observed as one of the holiest days of the calendar.

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