Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Erfidrápa Óláfs helga 25’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 695.
Oss dugir Ôleifs messu
— jǫfur magnar goð — fagna
meinalaust í mínu
Magnúss fǫður húsi.
Skyldr emk skilfings halda
skolllaust, þess’s bjó golli,
helgi, handar tjǫlgur
harmdauða, mér rauðu.
Dugir oss fagna meinalaust messu Ôleifs, fǫður Magnúss, í húsi mínu; goð magnar jǫfur. Emk skyldr halda skolllaust helgi harmdauða skilfings, þess’s bjó mér tjǫlgur handar rauðu golli.
It is proper for us [me] to welcome, sinlessly, the feast day of Óláfr, the father of Magnús, in my house; God strengthens the ruler. I am required to keep, guilelessly, the holy day of the lamented death of the king, who fitted my branches of the arm with red gold.
Mss: Kˣ(501r), 39(13vb), F(38rb), E(4v), J2ˣ(243r-v) (Hkr); Holm2(73r), 325VI(41rb), 321ˣ(278), 73aˣ(213v), Holm4(68vb), 61(129vb), 325V(88rb), 325VII(41r), Bb(205rb), Flat(127va), Tóm(160v) (ÓH)
Readings:  Ôleifs: ‘ol[…]s’ 325VI  fagna: fagnar 61  meinalaust: meinalaus Bb; mínu: ‘m̄m’ 61, mínum Bb, Flat, Tóm  Magnúss: ‘magus’ 73aˣ; húsi: harmi 61, Flat, Tóm  skilfings: siklings Bb, ‘skíflíngr’ Tóm; halda: alda Holm2, aldar Holm4, 61  skoll‑: skuld E, 325VI, 325VII, ‘skul‑’ J2ˣ, Holm2; þess’s (‘þess er’): þar er 321ˣ; bjó: so all others, hjó Kˣ  handar: handa 39, E, J2ˣ, Holm2, 325VI, 321ˣ, Holm4, 325V, 325VII, Bb; tjǫlgur: ‘tialgr’ 321ˣ, talga 61, ‘talgar’ Tóm  ‑dauða: ‑dauði 73aˣ, 61, ‑dauðan 325VII; rauðu: rauða 73aˣ, rauðan 61, rauðum Bb
Editions: Skj AI, 264, Skj BI, 245, Skald I, 127; Hkr 1893-1901, III, 23, IV, 187, ÍF 28, 21, Hkr 1991, II, 569 (MGóð ch. 10), F 1871, 175; ÓH 1941, I, 617 (ch. 253), Flat 1860-8, II, 379; Jón Skaptason 1983, 180, 309.
Context: ÓH-Hkr relate that Óláfr’s feast day is established in Norwegian law and is observed as one of the holiest days of the calendar.
Notes:  messu ‘the feast day’: Messa is an adoption from Lat. missa ‘mass, Eucharist’. As in ESk Geisl 35/3VII, this most likely refers to the requirements for lay observance of a saint’s feast day, rather than implying that mass was actually celebrated in Sigvatr’s house. The meaning ‘mass’ is attested in Christian poetry of the C12th, e.g., Anon Heil 12/2VII. —  bjó ‘fitted’: Hjó ‘cut, hacked’ is clearly an error in Kˣ. This is confirmed by the fact that papp18ˣ, another transcript of K, has bjó. —  tjǫlgur handar ‘branches of the arm’: Hǫnd can mean ‘hand’ or ‘arm’ (LP, Fritzner: hǫnd). (a) As arm-rings were more common (and more valuable) as gifts than finger-rings, this is interpreted here as an explained metaphor meaning ‘arms’ (cf. LP: tjalga, as an alternative). Tjǫlgur ‘branches’ (in the form tjálgur) occurs in stanzas attributed to the legendary Starkaðr, apparently denoting his abnormally long arms (StarkSt Vík 5/2VIII (Gautr 13) and Note, StarkSt Vík 33/5VIII (Gautr 41)). (b) The phrase could alternatively be a kenning meaning ‘branches of the arm [FINGERS]’ (so Meissner 140), though the only other example of this kenning pattern, in Grett Lv 33/3V (Gr 65), is similarly ambiguous (cf. also Guðrún Nordal 2001, 305-6, 387).
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