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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eyv Hák 12I

R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Hákonarmál 12’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 186.

Eyvindr skáldaspillir FinnssonHákonarmál

Hví ‘Why’

hví (adv.): why


gunni ‘the battle’

gunnr (noun f.): battle


* ‘’


[1] *: kvað Hkun F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, 761bˣ


Geir ‘Spear’

geirr (noun m.): spear < geirskǫgul (noun f.): geirskǫgul

[2] Geir‑: í gær J1ˣ, J2ˣ


vorrum ‘’


órum ‘we were [I was]’

várr (pron.; °f. ór/vár; pl. órir/várir): our

[3] órum (‘vǫrum’): ‘vorrum’ F


þó ‘though’

þó (adv.): though


gagns ‘of victory’

1. gagn (noun n.): victory


vǫldum ‘brought’

valda (verb): cause

[4] vǫldum *: vǫldum kvað Skǫgul all


* ‘’


[4] vǫldum *: vǫldum kvað Skǫgul all


helt ‘held’

halda (verb): hold, keep

[5] helt: ‘hellz’ Kˣ, F, 761bˣ, ‘hellzt’ J1ˣ, J2ˣ


[5] helt ‘held’: The mss all point to refl. helzk ‘stayed’, adopted by a few eds (e.g. Lindquist 1929, 14), though it gives poor sense in the present context.


fíandr ‘enemies’

fjándi (noun m.; °-a; fjándr/fjándar/fjándir): enemy, devil

[6] fíandr: fíandmenn F


flugu ‘fled’

fljúga (verb): fly


Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

As for st. 1.

The speaker of ll. 1-3 is Hákon, that of ll. 4-6 Skǫgul. The speakers are identified in the mss, except that Hákon is not identified in , but the identifications are omitted from the Text here since they are extrametrical, as is also the case in Anon Eirm: see Introduction. However, other identifications in this poem are not extrametrical and thus must remain in the text: see Note to st. 10/1. Hákon’s question shows that he does not regard the battle as a victory (due to his death soon after). The valkyrie’s reply corrects him.


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