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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 14VII

Jonna Louis-Jensen and Tarrin Wills (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Plácitusdrápa 14’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 190-1.

Anonymous PoemsPlácitusdrápa
131415

hafim ‘do we gain’

hafa (verb): have

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Sjǫfn ‘Sjǫfn’

Sjǫfn (noun f.): Sjǫfn

kennings

Sjǫfn seims,
‘Sjǫfn of gold, ’
   = WOMAN

Sjǫfn of gold, → WOMAN
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sitja ‘staying’

sitja (verb): sit

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seims ‘of gold’

2. seimr (noun m.; °dat. -i): gold

kennings

Sjǫfn seims,
‘Sjǫfn of gold, ’
   = WOMAN

Sjǫfn of gold, → WOMAN
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elda ‘of the fires’

eldr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar): fire

kennings

njótr elda ulfvíns
‘the user of the fires of wolf-wine ’
   = WARRIOR

wolf-wine → BLOOD
the fires of the BLOOD → SWORDS
the user of SWORDS → WARRIOR
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elda ‘of the fires’

eldr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar): fire

kennings

njótr elda ulfvíns
‘the user of the fires of wolf-wine ’
   = WARRIOR

wolf-wine → BLOOD
the fires of the BLOOD → SWORDS
the user of SWORDS → WARRIOR
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njótr ‘the user’

njótr (noun m.): user, enjoyer

kennings

njótr elda ulfvíns
‘the user of the fires of wolf-wine ’
   = WARRIOR

wolf-wine → BLOOD
the fires of the BLOOD → SWORDS
the user of SWORDS → WARRIOR
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ítra ‘splendid’

ítr (adj.): glorious

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ulf ‘of wolf’

1. ulfr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): wolf < ulfvín (noun n.)

kennings

njótr elda ulfvíns
‘the user of the fires of wolf-wine ’
   = WARRIOR

wolf-wine → BLOOD
the fires of the BLOOD → SWORDS
the user of SWORDS → WARRIOR
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ulf ‘of wolf’

1. ulfr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): wolf < ulfvín (noun n.)

kennings

njótr elda ulfvíns
‘the user of the fires of wolf-wine ’
   = WARRIOR

wolf-wine → BLOOD
the fires of the BLOOD → SWORDS
the user of SWORDS → WARRIOR
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ulf ‘of wolf’

1. ulfr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): wolf < ulfvín (noun n.)

kennings

njótr elda ulfvíns
‘the user of the fires of wolf-wine ’
   = WARRIOR

wolf-wine → BLOOD
the fires of the BLOOD → SWORDS
the user of SWORDS → WARRIOR
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víns ‘wine’

vín (noun n.; °-s; -): wine < ulfvín (noun n.)

kennings

njótr elda ulfvíns
‘the user of the fires of wolf-wine ’
   = WARRIOR

wolf-wine → BLOOD
the fires of the BLOOD → SWORDS
the user of SWORDS → WARRIOR
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víns ‘wine’

vín (noun n.; °-s; -): wine < ulfvín (noun n.)

kennings

njótr elda ulfvíns
‘the user of the fires of wolf-wine ’
   = WARRIOR

wolf-wine → BLOOD
the fires of the BLOOD → SWORDS
the user of SWORDS → WARRIOR
Close

víns ‘wine’

vín (noun n.; °-s; -): wine < ulfvín (noun n.)

kennings

njótr elda ulfvíns
‘the user of the fires of wolf-wine ’
   = WARRIOR

wolf-wine → BLOOD
the fires of the BLOOD → SWORDS
the user of SWORDS → WARRIOR
Close

einn ‘the one’

2. einn (pron.; °decl. cf. einn num.): one, alone

notes

[6] einn réttr ‘the one true’: The letters are partially damaged but legible nevertheless. This reading is found in Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1833, but Finnur Jónsson (1887 and Skj A) and Kock (cf. NN §2132) apparently could not read the ‘re’. Sveinbjörn’s reading was restored by Jón Helgason 1932. Kock suggested einréttr (NN §§2132, 2492).

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réttr ‘true’

3. réttr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): right, straight, direct

notes

[6] einn réttr ‘the one true’: The letters are partially damaged but legible nevertheless. This reading is found in Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1833, but Finnur Jónsson (1887 and Skj A) and Kock (cf. NN §2132) apparently could not read the ‘re’. Sveinbjörn’s reading was restored by Jón Helgason 1932. Kock suggested einréttr (NN §§2132, 2492).

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þvíat ‘because’

þvít (conj.): because, since

[6] þvíat: ‘þūat’ 673b

notes

[6] þvíat ‘because’: Emendation proposed by Jón Helgason 1932-3.

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beinir ‘furthers’

2. beina (verb; °-nd-): help

[6] beinir: ‘be(i)e(ck)’(?) 673b, ‘beteck’ 673bÞH, ‘beiegk’ 673bFJ

notes

[6] beinir ‘furthers’: Emendation proposed by Kock (NN §2132). There may possibly have been a nasal stroke over the first ‘i’ which is no longer visible.

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standask ‘endure’

standa (verb): stand

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stór ‘great’

stórr (adj.): large, great

[8] stór farnaði: ‘sto[...]naþe’ 673b

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farnaði ‘fortune’

farnaðr (noun m.; °-ar): [fortune, luck]

[8] stór farnaði: ‘sto[...]naþe’ 673b

notes

[8] farnaði ‘fortune’: Emendation proposed (along with the alternative lifnaði ‘conduct of life’) by Jón Helgason 1932-3. Finnur Jónsson (1887 and Skj B) has búnaði ‘household’.

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