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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Ív Sig 5II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Ívarr Ingimundarson, Sigurðarbálkr 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 505.

Ívarr IngimundarsonSigurðarbálkr
456

hertogi ‘The army-leader’

hertogi (noun m.): duke

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fjǫrðum ‘the fjords’

fjǫrðr (noun m.): fjord

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skulfu ‘shook’

1. skjalfa (verb): shake - intrans.

notes

[3] skeyti skulfu ‘arrows shook’: For this l., see also st. 22/5 below. Etymologically related to skjóta ‘shoot’, skeyti ‘arrow’ could also denote a short spear that was thrown (see Falk 1914, 95).

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skeyti ‘arrows’

skeyti (noun n.; °; -): arrow, missile

notes

[3] skeyti skulfu ‘arrows shook’: For this l., see also st. 22/5 below. Etymologically related to skjóta ‘shoot’, skeyti ‘arrow’ could also denote a short spear that was thrown (see Falk 1914, 95).

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Skota ‘of the Scots’

Skotr (noun m.): Scot

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blóði ‘the blood’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood

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þars ‘where’

þars (conj.): where

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austan ‘from the east’

austan (adv.): from the east

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morð ‘of the battle’

1. morð (noun n.; °-s; -): killing, battle < morðáll (noun m.): [battle-eel]

kennings

metendr morðáls
‘the testers of the battle-eel ’
   = WARRIORS

the battle-eel → SWORD
the testers of the SWORD → WARRIORS
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morð ‘of the battle’

1. morð (noun n.; °-s; -): killing, battle < morðáll (noun m.): [battle-eel]

kennings

metendr morðáls
‘the testers of the battle-eel ’
   = WARRIORS

the battle-eel → SWORD
the testers of the SWORD → WARRIORS
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áls ‘eel’

1. áll (noun m.; °dat. ál; álar): eel < morðáll (noun m.): [battle-eel]

kennings

metendr morðáls
‘the testers of the battle-eel ’
   = WARRIORS

the battle-eel → SWORD
the testers of the SWORD → WARRIORS
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áls ‘eel’

1. áll (noun m.; °dat. ál; álar): eel < morðáll (noun m.): [battle-eel]

kennings

metendr morðáls
‘the testers of the battle-eel ’
   = WARRIORS

the battle-eel → SWORD
the testers of the SWORD → WARRIORS
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metendr ‘the testers’

metandi (noun m.; °; -endr): valuer

kennings

metendr morðáls
‘the testers of the battle-eel ’
   = WARRIORS

the battle-eel → SWORD
the testers of the SWORD → WARRIORS
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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Stanzas 5-7 document battles in Scotland in which Sigurðr participated. The only battle fought by David that would fit the approximate time-frame is the battle of Stracathro against the men of Moray (1130). See Anderson 1922, II, 149, 173-4. The prose surrounding these sts appears to have been derived from the content of the poetry.

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