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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Ól 4I

Kate Heslop (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Poem about Óláfr Tryggvason 4’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1065.

Anonymous PoemsPoem about Óláfr Tryggvason
345

Valdr ‘ruler’

valdr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

Vitr valdr vígs
‘The astute ruler of battle ’
   = WARRIOR = Þorkell

The astute ruler of battle → WARRIOR = Þorkell
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nam ‘’

1. nema (verb): to take

notes

[1, 2] nam að sitja ‘lay in wait’: Nam is merely an auxiliary here (see LP: 1. nema 10). 

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vígs ‘of battle’

víg (noun n.; °-s; -): battle

kennings

Vitr valdr vígs
‘The astute ruler of battle ’
   = WARRIOR = Þorkell

The astute ruler of battle → WARRIOR = Þorkell
Close

kveldi ‘the evening’

kveld (noun n.; °-s): evening

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vitr ‘The astute’

vitr (adj.): wise

kennings

Vitr valdr vígs
‘The astute ruler of battle ’
   = WARRIOR = Þorkell

The astute ruler of battle → WARRIOR = Þorkell
Close

kóng ‘the king’

kóngr (noun m.): king

notes

[2] kóng ‘the king’: The monosyllabic contracted form of konungr ‘king’, not current before the C14th (Finnur Jónsson 1884-91, 123; ANG §160, Anm.) is metrically necessary here, and probably also in st. 6/7.

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‘’

5. at (nota): to (with infinitive)

notes

[1, 2] nam að sitja ‘lay in wait’: Nam is merely an auxiliary here (see LP: 1. nema 10). 

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sitja ‘lay in wait’

sitja (verb): sit

notes

[1, 2] nam að sitja ‘lay in wait’: Nam is merely an auxiliary here (see LP: 1. nema 10). 

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þá ‘at that time’

2. þá (adv.): then

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‘was lying’

liggja (verb): lie

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hoskr ‘the wise’

hoskr (adj.): [wise]

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Skldungr ‘prince’

skjǫldungr (noun m.): king

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skreyttum ‘the adorned’

skreyta (verb): adorn

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Naðri ‘Naðr (‘Adder’)’

naðr (noun m.): snake

notes

[6] Naðri ‘Naðr (“Adder”)’: Óláfr’s famous ship Ormr inn langi ‘the Long Serpent’, named more directly in st. 6/2; see also Notes to Hfr ErfÓl 10/1 and Anon Óldr 19/6.

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vissi ‘knew’

1. vita (verb): know

notes

[7] vissi ‘knew’: Finnur Jónsson (1884-91, 119; Skj B) reads vissit ‘did not know’, hence ‘in such a way that Þorkell did not know’ or ‘without Þorkell knowing’, and this is followed by Kock (Skald) and by Ólafur Halldórsson in AM 61 1982, 24, though his 1958-2000 edn has vissi. But the reading vissi coupled with þess að in the sense ‘insofar as, so far as’ (see Fritzner: þess 2) seems to fit better with the tone of light irony at Þorkell’s expense, almost reporting his (mistaken) thoughts, in both these stanzas and ÓT’s prose.

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þrekstrangr ‘mightily strong’

þrekstrangr (adj.): [mightily strong]

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mega ‘to be able’

mega (verb): may, might

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The wording of the stanza is close to that of ÓT (1958-2000, II, 232).

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