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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Lv 1II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Lausavísur 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 165.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonLausavísur
12

Leiða ‘affect’

2. leiða (verb; -dd): lead; (-sk) grow tired

notes

[1, 2] limar; leiða ‘branches; affect’: Both mss clearly have f. pl. limar (unabbreviated in W), and A has the f. pl. adj. langar (though W has abbreviated m. pl. ‘langer’, normalised langir), so the noun seems to be limar f. ‘branches, boughs, offshoots’ rather than limir m. ‘limbs’ or ‘joints’. A similar figurative use of limar, meaning ‘consequences’, together with the verb leiða ‘lead, conduct’, is found in Reg 4, in the proverbial of lengi leiða limar ósaðra orða ‘too long do the branches of untrue words lead (one)’ (NK 174, here reordered as prose). The sense of leiða is slightly elusive in both contexts, but probably ‘lead’ shades into ‘affect’ (see the discussion by Björn Magnússon Ólsen, TGT 1884, 187-8). On the tense of leiða, see Context above.

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langar ‘The long’

langr (adj.; °compar. lengri, superl. lengstr): long

[1] langar: langir W

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limar ‘branches’

1. lim (noun f.; °; -ar): limb

notes

[1, 2] limar; leiða ‘branches; affect’: Both mss clearly have f. pl. limar (unabbreviated in W), and A has the f. pl. adj. langar (though W has abbreviated m. pl. ‘langer’, normalised langir), so the noun seems to be limar f. ‘branches, boughs, offshoots’ rather than limir m. ‘limbs’ or ‘joints’. A similar figurative use of limar, meaning ‘consequences’, together with the verb leiða ‘lead, conduct’, is found in Reg 4, in the proverbial of lengi leiða limar ósaðra orða ‘too long do the branches of untrue words lead (one)’ (NK 174, here reordered as prose). The sense of leiða is slightly elusive in both contexts, but probably ‘lead’ shades into ‘affect’ (see the discussion by Björn Magnússon Ólsen, TGT 1884, 187-8). On the tense of leiða, see Context above.

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illa ‘grievously’

1. illa (adv.): badly

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stillis ‘of the ruler’

stillir (noun m.): ruler

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bôrut ‘did not carry’

3. bera (verb; °berr; bar, báru; borinn): bear, carry

[3] bôrut: so W, bruð A

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mæra ‘glorious’

2. mærr (adj.): famous

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grǫf ‘the grave’

grǫf (noun f.): grave

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Among excerpts in TGT illustrating various types of solecism, this is cited to show tíðaskipti ‘change of tense’, presumably pres. tense leiða alongside pret. brut (so TGT 1927, 53 n.), though the pres. tense is justified by its continuing relevance.

A similar display of grief at Magnús’s death is depicted in Okík Magn 2-3 and Anon (MH).

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