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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Sex 13II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Sexstefja 13’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 125.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonSexstefja
121314

vingjafa ‘of friendly gifts’

vingjǫf (noun f.): friendly gift

[1] vingjafa: ‘víga fa’ H, ‘vaga fa’ Hr, ‘vingíafar’ 570a

kennings

Lystr, varghollr veitir vingjafa
‘The eager, wolf-gracious bestower of friendly gifts ’
   = GENEROUS RULER

The eager, wolf-gracious bestower of friendly gifts → GENEROUS RULER
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veitir ‘bestower’

veitir (noun m.): giver

[1] veitir: veita 570a

kennings

Lystr, varghollr veitir vingjafa
‘The eager, wolf-gracious bestower of friendly gifts ’
   = GENEROUS RULER

The eager, wolf-gracious bestower of friendly gifts → GENEROUS RULER
Close

varg ‘wolf’

vargr (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ar): wolf < varghollr (adj.): wolf-gracious

kennings

Lystr, varghollr veitir vingjafa
‘The eager, wolf-gracious bestower of friendly gifts ’
   = GENEROUS RULER

The eager, wolf-gracious bestower of friendly gifts → GENEROUS RULER

notes

[2] varghollr ‘the wolf-gracious’: For this type of metaphor, see General Introduction, SkP I.

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hollr ‘gracious’

hollr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): loyal < varghollr (adj.): wolf-gracious

kennings

Lystr, varghollr veitir vingjafa
‘The eager, wolf-gracious bestower of friendly gifts ’
   = GENEROUS RULER

The eager, wolf-gracious bestower of friendly gifts → GENEROUS RULER

notes

[2] varghollr ‘the wolf-gracious’: For this type of metaphor, see General Introduction, SkP I.

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dreka ‘the dragon-ship’

dreki (noun m.; °-a; -ar): dragon, dragon-ship

[2] dreka: drekka 570a

notes

[2] dreka ‘the dragon-ship’: See Note to Valg Har 10/7.

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skolla ‘rock’

skolla (verb): ridicule, rock

[2] skolla: kalla 570a

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lystr ‘The eager’

lystr (adj.): eager

[3] lystr: lyst Hr

kennings

Lystr, varghollr veitir vingjafa
‘The eager, wolf-gracious bestower of friendly gifts ’
   = GENEROUS RULER

The eager, wolf-gracious bestower of friendly gifts → GENEROUS RULER
Close

leiðangrs ‘of the expeditionary fleet’

leiðangr (noun m.; °leiðangrs, dat. leiðangri; leiðangrar): naval levy

[3] leiðangrs: lofðungs H, Hr

notes

[3] leiðangrs ‘of the expeditionary fleet’: See Note to ÞjóðA Har 5/3, 5 and Bǫlv Hardr 8/1.

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brjósti ‘of the forefront’

brjóst (noun n.; °-s; -): breast, chest

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In Hkr, HÍ and H-Hr, Haraldr dismisses part of his force since Sveinn Úlfsson has not appeared for the agreed battle at the Götaälv (Elfr), but then Sveinn and the Danes appear with three hundred ships. Haraldr quells all talk of flight and draws up his forces, with the great dragon-ship at the centre of the leading ships.

The battle of the Nissan (Niz) is also commemorated in ÞjóðA Har 1-7, Arn Hardr 2-4, Stúfr Stúfdr 7, Steinn Nizv and Steinn Úlffl, and well as in sts 14-18 below.

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